Updated on 2024/05/15

写真a

 
TAKAHASHI Rintaro
 
Organization
Graduate School of Engineering Energy Engineering 1 Assistant Professor
Graduate School
Graduate School of Engineering
Undergraduate School
School of Engineering Energy Science and Engineering
Title
Assistant Professor
Contact information
メールアドレス
External link

Degree 1

  1. Ph.D. (Science) ( 2016.9   Osaka University ) 

Research Areas 4

  1. Nanotechnology/Materials / Polymer chemistry

  2. Nanotechnology/Materials / Polymer chemistry

  3. Nanotechnology/Materials / Polymer materials

  4. Natural Science / Biophysics, chemical physics and soft matter physics

Research History 5

  1. Nagoya University   Graduate School of Engineering   Assistant Professor

    2020.10

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    Country:Japan

  2. The University of Kitakyushu

    2016.10 - 2020.9

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    Country:Japan

  3. ESRF−The European Synchrotron   Visiting Scientist

    2016.5 - 2016.12

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    Country:France

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  4. Japan Society for Promotion of Science

    2016.4 - 2016.9

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    Country:Japan

  5. 三菱ガス化学株式会社   東京研究所

    2012.4 - 2014.3

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    Country:Japan

Professional Memberships 2

  1. 日本化学会

    2020.10

  2. THE SOCIETY OF POLYMER SCIENCE, JAPAN

    2014

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Awards 3

  1. Encouragement award–Bridgestone soft material frontier prize

    2024   The Society of Rubber Science and Technology, Japan  

  2. Award for Encouragement of Research in Polymer Science

    2024   The Society of Polymer Science, Japan  

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  3. 風戸研究奨励賞

    2021   風戸研究奨励会  

 

Papers 69

  1. 高分子/無機ナノ粒子リング状自己集合のin situおよびex situ観察 Invited Reviewed

    鳴瀧 彩絵, 高橋 倫太郎

    C&I Commun   Vol. 49 ( 1 ) page: 23 - 27   2024.3

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:公益社団法人 日本化学会 コロイドおよび界面化学部会  

    <p>水中でシリカナノ粒子と両親媒性高分子を混合し、適切な条件で静置すると、無機ナノ粒子がリング状に自己集合する珍しい現象がある。本稿では、リング状自己集合体が形成する過程について、走査型電子顕微鏡を用いた<i>ex situ</i>観察、および小角X線散乱/中性子散乱による<i>in situ</i>観察の両方からアプローチし、自己集合体形成のメカニズムに迫った研究について解説する。</p>

    DOI: 10.57534/cicommun.49.1_23

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  2. Polymeric Sol–Gel Transition with the Diverging Correlation Length Verified by Small-Angle X-ray Scattering Reviewed

    Kota Aoki, Ayae Sugawara-Narutaki, Rintaro Takahashi

    The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters   Vol. 14 ( 46 ) page: 10396 - 10401   2023.11

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    Authorship:Last author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.3c02631

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  3. Formation of Polyion Complex Aggregate Formed from a Cationic Block Copolymer and Anionic Polysaccharide Reviewed

    Kazushi Ogata, Mineo Hashizume, Rintaro Takahashi, Tasuku Hamaguchi, Hiroshi Jinnai, Shin-ichi Yusa

    Langmuir   Vol. 39 ( 46 ) page: 16484 - 16493   2023.11

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    DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.3c02404

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  4. Complex formation of pendant lysine residue-containing zwitterionic random copolymer with copper (II) Reviewed

    Kengo Takagi, Shukanta Bhowmik, Kang-Ting Huang, Chun-Jen Huang, Rintaro Takahashi, Shin-ichi Yusa

    Polymer Journal   Vol. 55 ( 10 ) page: 1075 - 1083   2023.10

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    DOI: 10.1038/s41428-023-00808-2

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    Other Link: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41428-023-00808-2

  5. In Situ and Ex Situ Studies of Ring-Like Assembly of Silica Nanoparticles in the Presence of Poly(propylene oxide)–Poly(ethylene oxide) Block Copolymers Reviewed

    Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuki Yamamoto, Ryo Sugahara, Ryusuke Otake, Keisuke Hayashi, Jin Nakamura, Chikara Ohtsuki, Sadahito Aoshima, Ayae Sugawara-Narutaki

    Langmuir   Vol. 39 ( 32 ) page: 11379 - 11387   2023.8

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)  

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.3c01210

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  6. Preparation of Water-Soluble Polyion Complex (PIC) Micelles with Random Copolymers Containing Pendant Quaternary Ammonium and Sulfonate Groups Reviewed

    Shukanta Bhowmik, Thu Thao Pham, Rintaro Takahashi, Dongwook Kim, Hideki Matsuoka, Kazuhiko Ishihara, Shin-ichi Yusa

    Langmuir   Vol. 39 ( 23 ) page: 8120 - 8129   2023.5

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)  

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.3c00524

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  7. In Situ Monitoring of Polymerization-Induced Self-Assembly and Gelation During the Synthesis of Triblock Copolymers via Time-Resolved Small-Angle X-ray Scattering and Rheology Reviewed

    Riku Yamanaka, Ayae Sugawara-Narutaki, Rintaro Takahashi

    Macromolecules   Vol. 56 ( 11 ) page: 4354 - 4361   2023.5

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    Authorship:Last author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.3c00444

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  8. Unusual Stress Upturn in Elastomers Prepared Using Macro Cross‐Linkers with Multiple Vinyl Side Groups Reviewed

    Tatsuya Mizuno, Mikihiro Hayashi, Rintaro Takahashi

    Macromolecular Rapid Communications   Vol. 44 ( 8 ) page: e2200936 - 2200936   2023.4

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1002/marc.202200936

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  9. A Thermo-Responsive Polymer Micelle with a Liquid Crystalline Core Reviewed

    Yoko Mizoue, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai, Shin-ichi Yusa

    POLYMERS   Vol. 15 ( 3 ) page: 770 - 770   2023.2

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:MDPI  

    An amphiphilic diblock copolymer (PChM-PNIPAM), composed of poly(cholesteryl 6-methacryloyloxy hexanoate) (PChM) and poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (PNIPAM) blocks, was prepared via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer radical polymerization. The PChM and PNIPAM blocks exhibited liquid crystalline behavior and a lower critical solution temperature (LCST), respectively. PChM-PNIPAM formed water-soluble polymer micelles in water below the LCST because of hydrophobic interactions of the PChM blocks. The PChM and PNIPAM blocks formed the core and hydrophilic shell of the micelles, respectively. With increasing temperature, the molecular motion of the pendant cholesteryl groups increased, and a liquid crystalline phase transition occurred from an amorphous state in the core. With further increases in temperature, the PNIPAM block in the shell exhibited the LCST and dehydrated. Hydrophobic interactions of the PNIPAM shells resulted in inter-micellar aggregation above the LCST.

    DOI: 10.3390/polym15030770

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  10. Stable Water-soluble Polyion Complex Micelles Composed of Oppositely Charged Diblock Copolymers and Reinforced by Hydrophobic Interactions Reviewed International coauthorship

    Thu Thao Pham, Rintaro Takahashi, Tien Duc Pham, Shin-ichi Yusa

    Chemistry Letters   Vol. 51 ( 8 ) page: 877 - 880   2022.8

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:The Chemical Society of Japan  

    Polyion complex (PIC) micelles having a hydrodynamic radius of approximately 20 nm were prepared in water by simply mixing a pair of double hydrophilic oppositely charged diblock copolymers composed of a first block containing pendant phos-phobetaine groups and a second cationic or anionic styrene -based polyelectrolyte block. The PIC micelles were stable under high salt concentration because the formation of the PIC micelles was driven by both electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions.

    DOI: 10.1246/cl.220241

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  11. Structure and Rheology of Poly(vinylidene difluoride-<i>co</i>-hexafluoropropylene) in an Ionic Liquid: The Solvent Behaves as a Weak Cross-Linker through Ion–Dipole Interaction Reviewed

    Kota Aoki, Ayae Sugawara-Narutaki, Yuya Doi, Rintaro Takahashi

    Macromolecules     2022.6

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    Authorship:Last author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:American Chemical Society ({ACS})  

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.2c00485

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  12. Formation Kinetics of Polymer Vesicles from Spherical and Cylindrical Micelles Bearing the Polyelectrolyte Complex Core Studied by Time-Resolved USAXS and SAXS Reviewed International coauthorship

    Rintaro Takahashi, Theyencheri Narayanan, Shin-ichi Yusa, Takahiro Sato

    Macromolecules   Vol. 55 ( 2 ) page: 684 - 695   2022.1

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:American Chemical Society ({ACS})  

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.1c02210

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  13. Phase Separation Behavior of Aqueous Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) Solutions Studied by Scattering Experiments Reviewed

    Han J, Takahashi R, Kuang C, Sato T

    Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids     2021.9

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c01917

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  14. First Observation of the Hydration Layer around Polymer Chain by Scattering and Its Relationship to Thromboresistance: Dilute Solution Properties of PMEA in THF/Water Reviewed

    Takuma Kanamaru, Masataka Araki, Rintaro Takahashi, Shota Fujii, Toshiyuki Shikata, Daiki Murakami, Masaru Tanaka, Kazuo Sakurai

    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B   Vol. 125 ( 26 ) page: 7251 - 7261   2021.7

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    DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.1c01864

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  15. Overcoming the Necessity of a Lateral Aggregation in the Formation of Supramolecular Polymer Bottlebrushes in Water Reviewed International coauthorship

    Tobias Klein, Hans F. Ulrich, Franka V. Gruschwitz, Maren T. Kuchenbrod, Rintaro Takahashi, Stephanie Hoeppener, Ivo Nischang, Kazuo Sakurai, Johannes C. Brendel

    Macromolecular Rapid Communications     page: 2000585 - 2000585   2020.12

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1002/marc.202000585

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    Other Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1002/marc.202000585

  16. Flower Necklaces of Controllable Length Formed From N-(2-Hydroxypropyl) Methacrylamide-Based Amphiphilic Statistical Copolymers Reviewed International journal

    Rintaro Takahashi, Kiyomasa Doi, Shota Fujii, Kazuo Sakurai

    LANGMUIR   Vol. 36 ( 39 ) page: 11556 - 11563   2020.10

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER CHEMICAL SOC  

    N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA)-based statistical copolymers bearing anticancer drugs have attracted attention for their efficacy in cancer treatments. However, controlling the size and morphology of aggregates of this type of polymer has been challenging and is far from being understood. In this study, small-angle X-ray scattering and asymmetric-flow field-flow fractionation with multiangle light scattering were used to investigate the structure of aggregates formed in aqueous solutions of HPMA-based statistical copolymers of different molecular weights with the model drug pyrene borne in different amounts. The analysis revealed that spherical objects (flower micelles) were formed by the assembly of pyrene moieties in low-molecular-weight copolymers, and the flower micelles connected linearly to form string-of-pearls assemblies (flower necklaces) in high-molecular-weight copolymers. The number of pyrene moieties per polymer chain likely dominates the size and morphology of the copolymer micelles. This study shows how to alter the aggregate structure by changing the molecular weight and composition of copolymers.

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c02032

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  17. Monodisperse Micelles with Aggregation Numbers Related to Platonic Solids Reviewed

    Ji Ha Lee, Shota Fujii, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai

    MACROMOLECULAR RAPID COMMUNICATIONS   Vol. 41 ( 18 ) page: e2000227   2020.9

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH  

    Recent studies show that calix[4]arene-based micelles are monodisperse with defined N-agg values chosen from 4, 6, 8, 12, 20, and 32. Interestingly, all these numbers coincide with the face numbers of Platonic solids, so they are called "Platonic micelles." As long as a certain geometric condition is fulfilled, any amphiphilic molecule can form a Platonic micelle. The preferred N-agg values are explained in relation to the mathematical Tammes problem, namely, how to obtain the best coverage of a sphere's surface with multiple identical circles. The coverage ratio can be calculated and produces maxima at 4, 6, 12, 20, and 32, coinciding with the observed N-agg values. In this feature article, Platonic micelles as well as their morphological transition by controlling pH, salt, temperature, and electrostatic interactions are summarized.

    DOI: 10.1002/marc.202000227

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  18. Synthesis and Dilute Solution Properties of N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide-Based Copolymers Reviewed

    Kiyomasa Doi, Rintaro Takahashi, Shota Fujii, Kazuo Sakurai

    JOURNAL OF FIBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   Vol. 76 ( 9 ) page: 305 - 309   2020.9

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    Authorship:Corresponding author   Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SOC FIBER SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY  

    Poly[N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide] (PHPMA) shows excellent biocompatibility and thus is expected to be used as a carrier in a drug delivery system. In this study, we investigated how the difference in the monomer structure influences the sequence in copolymers composed of HPMA and monomers (MA-ahNHNH-Boc and MA-NHNH-Boc); the size of MA-ah-NHNH-Boc is larger than that of MA-NHNH-Boc by the alkyl chain (CH2)5 spacer. Because the obtained copolymers showed a phase separation behavior upon heating,we also investigated this phase separation behavior by turbidimetry and the molecular dimension in dilute aqueous solution by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Consequently, we found that the difference between the monomers (MA-ah-NHNH-Boc or MA-NHNH-Boc) significantly influences the monomer sequence in copolymer chains, the cloud point temperature, and the chain dimension in aqueous solution.

    DOI: 10.2115/fiberst.2020-0033

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  19. Unraveling Decisive Structural Parameters for the Self-Assembly of Supramolecular Polymer Bottlebrushes Based on Benzene Trisureas Reviewed International coauthorship

    Franka Gruschwitz, Mao-Chun Fu, Tobias Klein, Rintaro Takahashi, Tomoya Higashihara, Stephanie Hoeppener, Ivo Nischang, Kazuo Sakurai, Johannes C. Brendel

    MACROMOLECULES   Vol. 53 ( 17 ) page: 7552 - 7560   2020.9

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    By introducing strong directed hydrogen bonds to an amphiphilic polymer, we demonstrate that phase transitions from spherical to cylindrical morphologies in aqueous solutions can significantly be shifted to favor the assembly of supramolecular polymer bottlebrushes. In water, a forced self-assembly of polymers into cylindrical structures remains a challenge as the often required hydrophobic shielding induces forces, which tend to minimize the surface area. The herein presented novel benzene trisureas can overcome these limitations due to strong hydrogen bonds and alter the morphology to cylinders despite an unfavorable packing parameter, which dominated the previously reported trisamide analogues. The systematic variation of composition and architecture revealed that a transition to spherical morphologies still occurs, but the phase-transition boundaries appear to be shifted to tolerate larger hydrophilic polymer chains. The strength of the directing interactions appears to be decisive for the shift, though we additionally observed that any restrictions of lateral aggregation can diminish the effect of the directing hydrogen bonds. Overall, the straightforward synthesis and versatile design render the presented systems an interesting blueprint for the development of more advanced supramolecular polymer bottlebrushes and multifunctional nanostructures.

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.0c01361

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  20. Synthesis and characterization of nanoemulsion-mediated core crosslinked nanoparticles, and in vivo pharmacokinetics depending on the structural characteristics Reviewed

    Jun Matsuno, Takuma Kanamaru, Koichi Arai, Rena Tanaka, Ji Ha Lee, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai, Shota Fujii

    JOURNAL OF CONTROLLED RELEASE   Vol. 324   page: 405 - 412   2020.8

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    For designing nanoparticles as drug carriers, a covalently crosslinked structure is necessary for the structural stability in vivo. In this study, we prepared core crosslinked nanoparticles through the formation of nanoemulsions stabilized by poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-bearing surfactants. The structural characteristics of these particles were carefully evaluated using small-angle scattering techniques including dynamic, static, X-ray, and neutron scattering. The particles demonstrated high stability even in vivo, with the suppression of premature drug release owing to the crosslinked structure. Interestingly, the ability to retain encapsulated molecules was dependent on the molecular weight of PEG in vivo, presumably due to the difference in the crowding density of PEG chains at the outermost surface. This suggests that conferring structural stability via a core crosslinked structure is surely important, but we also need to consider controlling the crowding density of the hydrophilic polymer chains in the particle shell when designing drug carriers.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2020.05.035

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  21. Scattering Form Factor of Block Copolymer Micelles with Corona Chains Discretely Distributed on the Core Surface Reviewed

    Rintaro Takahashi, Shota Fujii, Isamu Akiba, Kazuo Sakurai

    JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B   Vol. 124 ( 28 ) page: 6140 - 6146   2020.7

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    Small-angle scattering is a powerful tool to investigate micellar structure, and a model form factor proposed by Pedersen and Gerstenberg [Pedersen, J. S.; Gerstenberg, M. Macromolecules 1996, 29, 1363-1365] has been used quite frequently to analyze experimentally obtained scattering data of block copolymer micelles. Their model consists of a spherical core and the Gaussian corona chains attached to the core surface; the corona chains are considered to be approximately continuously (evenly) distributed on the core surface. In this paper, we present a micellar form factor model in which the corona chains are discretely distributed on the core surface. Our proposed discrete model was found to deviate from the Pedersen-Gerstenberg model as well as another model [Svaneborg, C.; Pedersen, J. S. Phys. Rev. E 2001, 64, R01802.], which incorporates the approximate interference effect between the corona chains, in conditions in which the scattering from the corona chains is stronger than that from a core with lower number density of the corona chains.

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c04120

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  22. Furry nanoparticles: synthesis and characterization of nanoemulsion-mediated core crosslinked nanopartictes and their robust stability in vivo Reviewed

    Rena Tanaka, Koichi Arai, Jun Matsuno, Miyo Soejima, Ji Ha Lee, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai, Shota Fujii

    POLYMER CHEMISTRY   Vol. 11 ( 27 ) page: 4408 - 4416   2020.7

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    Reinforcement of the in vivo structural stability of polymer-based nanoparticles such as polymeric micelles has been achieved via covalently crosslinked structures. Herein, we report new core crosslinked nano-particles prepared via an o/w nano-emulsion composed of difunctional polymerizable oil monomers stabilized by a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-bearing surfactant. The obtained PEG-tethered core crosslinked nanoparticles are named furry nanoparticles (f-NPs). The f-NPs structure was evaluated using light scattering (LS; both static SLS and dynamic DLS), small-angle X-ray scattering, and transmission electron microscopy. The f-NPs' size could be easily controlled by changing the amount of oil monomer, which also affected dye loading and releasing behavior. Employing a disulfide-based oil monomer, we could endow the f-NPs with sensitivity to reduction, demonstrating destabilization in a reducing environment with a high glutathione level matching that in tumors. The structural stability of f-NPs in vivo was very high compared with that of a micellar system, resulting in prolonged circulation in the bloodstream. Interestingly, the in vivo stability might depend on the crowding density of PEG chains at the outermost surface, even though the structural stability was guaranteed by the crosslinked structure. This study demonstrates the promising synthesis of core crosslinked nanoparticles and their potential as drug carriers.

    DOI: 10.1039/d0py00610f

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  23. Polymersome formation induced by encapsulation of water-insoluble molecules within ABC triblock terpolymers Reviewed International coauthorship

    Rintaro Takahashi, Shotaro Miwa, Carsten Roessel, Shota Fujii, Ji Ha Lee, Felix H. Schacher, Kazuo Sakurai

    POLYMER CHEMISTRY   Vol. 11 ( 20 ) page: 3446 - 3452   2020.5

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    Polymeric micelles have been extensively studied as nanoscale drug carriers. Knowing how the encapsulation of drugs alters the micellar structure is one of the most important issues for the biomedical application of amphiphilic block copolymers. However, little is known so far about the structural changes that micelles undergo upon loading with water-insoluble guests. Herein, we investigate the micellar morphology of ABC triblock terpolymers after loading with various water-insoluble molecules (naphthalene and its derivatives as drug-equivalent model molecules). The triblock terpolymer features a poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) block, a poly(allyl glycidyl ether) segment which has been functionalized with carboxylic acid moieties (PAGE(COOH)), and poly(tert-butyl glycidyl ether) (PtBGE) as a hydrophobic block. Structural analysis by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and cryogenic and conventional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) found that a morphological transition from spherical micelles to vesicles (polymersomes) was induced by loading the guest molecules at pH 4, whilst the spherical and prolate morphologies remained unchanged upon loading at pH 6 and 8. This study highlights the dynamics and morphological changes of polymeric micelles upon loading with guest molecules.

    DOI: 10.1039/d0py00426j

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  24. Bundling Process of Citrulline Polypeptides upon UCST-Type Phase Separation Reviewed

    Shota Fujii, Sotaro Kuroyanagi, Naohiko Shimada, Jun Matsuno, Ji Ha Lee, Rintaro Takahashi, Atsushi Maruyama, Kazuo Sakurai

    JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B   Vol. 124 ( 20 ) page: 4036 - 4043   2020.5

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    Ureido-modified poly(L-citrulline) (L-ornithine-co-L-citrulline denoted by PLOC) shows UCST-type phase separation behavior even under physiologically relevant conditions, which forms an alpha-helix structure above its phase separation temperature (T-p) but transforms into a solid-like aggregation composed of regular hexagonal packed cylinders below the T-p. This morphological transformation is characteristic of the phase separation behavior, but the mechanism behind it has remained incompletely understood. Here, we studied the phase separation behavior using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements. To analyze the SAXS data, we employed the modified unified model proposed previously, which decomposes the scattering profile into each structural element, such as the alpha-helices and their aggregation formed via hydrogen-bonding interactions between the ureido groups. The aggregation level is dependent on the temperature (T) and grouped into three classes: (1) mass-fractal aggregation composed of the alpha-helix (T > T-p), (2) spherical aggregation composed of the hexagonal packed cylinder (T < T-p), and (3) micro-order agglomeration formed by mutual fusion of the spherical aggregation, which appears as a solid-like aggregation. The SAXS analysis suggested that the transformation from the dispersed state as the alpha-helix to the agglomeration containing hierarchical structures occurs in a stepwise manner when the temperature falls below the T-p, which might also be transition behavior similar to the process of protein folding through folding intermediates.

    DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c00934

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  25. Cyclodextrin-based nanoparticles encapsulating alpha-mangostin and their drug release behavior: potential carriers of alpha-mangostin for cancer therapy Reviewed International coauthorship

    Van T. H. Doan, Ji Ha Lee, Rintaro Takahashi, Phuong T. M. Nguyen, Van Anh T. Nguyen, Huong T. T. Pham, Shota Fujii, Kazuo Sakurai

    POLYMER JOURNAL   Vol. 52 ( 4 ) page: 457 - 466   2020.4

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    alpha-Mangostin (MGS), an anti-cancer compound, is a xanthone derivative and is extracted from the pericarps of mangosteen. MGS exhibits a variety of bioactivities, such as antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects, as well as anticancer activity. However, MGS has not been approved for clinical use because of its poor bioavailability. There have been many efforts to solve this problem by use of drug carriers. Cyclodextrins (CDs) are well known as nontoxic and biodegradable drug carriers and can encapsulate MGS. In this study, we prepared CD-based nanoparticles (CDNPs) by a polyaddition reaction using epichlorohydrin and characterized them by dynamic light scattering and static light scattering coupled with fractionation. The encapsulation of MGS into CDNPs was examined, and we found that the loading ratio of MGS for CDNPs is much higher than that for CDs themselves. The cytotoxicity of the CDNP/MGS complex was examined, indicating the potential of CDNP as a carrier of MGS.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41428-019-0296-y

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  26. Unraveling the kinetics of the structural development during polymerization-induced self-assembly: decoupling the polymerization and the micelle structure Reviewed International coauthorship

    Rintaro Takahashi, Shotaro Miwa, Fabian H. H. Sobotta, Ji Ha Lee, Shota Fujii, Noboru Ohta, Johannes C. C. Brendel, Kazuo Sakurai

    POLYMER CHEMISTRY   Vol. 11 ( 8 ) page: 1514 - 1524   2020.2

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    Upon extending a hydrophobic polymer chain from the end of a preceding hydrophilic chain in aqueous solutions, the resultant block copolymers may eventually undergo self-assembly. Further chain propagation continues in the newly formed hydrophobic polymer rich domain. This process is often referred to as polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA). Its kinetics are determined by the polymerization and the micelle formation/growth, which may influence each other, possibly leading to a highly complex process of structural development. In this study, we examined PISA in aqueous solution on the reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) dispersion polymerization of poly(N-acryloylmorpholine)-b-poly(N-acryloylthiomorpholine). Using in situ small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), the polymerization and micelle formation were observed. In the analysis, because the time scale of the micelle formation/growth is much shorter than that of the polymerization, the polymerization and micelle fomarion/growth can be decoupled. Thus, these were separately analyzed in depth, and a combination of the kinetics of RAFT polymerization and the simple scaling theory of the micellar structures can quantitatively describe the overall micellar structural development during PISA. This study provides an unprecedented insight into the processes underlying PISA and deepens our quantitative understanding of it.

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  27. Structural Polymorphism of Resorcinarene Assemblies Reviewed

    Fujii, S., Miyake, R., Campo, L., Lee, J.H., Takahashi, R., Sakurai, K.

    Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids   Vol. 36 ( 22 ) page: 6222-6227   2020

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    DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c00861

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  28. Impact of amino acids on the aqueous self-assembly of benzenetrispeptides into supramolecular polymer bottlebrushes Reviewed International coauthorship

    Klein, T., Ulrich, H.F., Gruschwitz, F.V., Kuchenbrod, M.T., Takahashi, R., Fujii, S., Hoeppener, S., Nischang, I., Sakurai, K., Brendel, J.C.

    Polymer Chemistry   Vol. 11 ( 42 )   2020

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  29. Tuning of the aggregation number of platonic micelles with binary mixture of calix[4]arene surfactants

    Ji Ha Lee, Shota Fujii, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 258   2019.8

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  30. Furry nanoballs bearing D4H/D4V silicone: Synthesis, structural characterization, and their robust stability in vivo

    Jun Matsuno, Shota Fujii, Ji Ha Lee, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 258   2019.8

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  31. Rediscovering micelle-like behavior of resorcinarene capsules and their unique aggregation number corresponding to Platonic structures

    Fujii, S; Sakurai, K; Lee, JH; Takahashi, R

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 258   2019.8

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  32. Non-dependence of dodecamer structures on alkyl chain length in Platonic micelles Reviewed

    Masataka Araki, Shota Fujii, Ji Ha Lee, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai

    SOFT MATTER   Vol. 15 ( 17 ) page: 3515 - 3519   2019.5

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    When the micellar aggregation number (N-agg) is sufficiently small (N-agg o 30), the micelle shows an abnormal aggregation behavior: monodispersity without any distribution in N-agg, whose values coincide with the vertex number of a regular polyhedral structure, i.e., they are termed Platonic solids. Micelles with these characteristics are named "Platonic micelles''. In this study, we investigated the aggregation behavior of calixarene-based micelles bearing primary amines-the first example of Platonic micelles-with increasing alkyl chain length by small-angle X-ray scattering, asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation coupled with multiangle light scattering, and analytical ultracentrifugation measurements. Morphological transition of the micelles from spherical to cylindrical was observed when the alkyl chain length was increased in this calixarene-based micellar system, which is similar to the case of conventional systems and is acceptable in terms of the packing parameter principle. However, although the micellar N-agg normally increases with an increase in the alkyl chain length, the structure of calixarene-based Platonic micelles bearing butyl (C4), heptyl (C5), and hexyl (C6) chains remains at 12-mer. This is presumably due to the relationship between the thermodynamic stability of the Platonic micelles and the coverage ratio defined by the Tammes problem.

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  33. Encapsulation of albumin in organic nanotube channel: Structural investigation by small-angle x-ray scattering Reviewed

    Kawauchi, H., Takahashi, R., Kameta, N., Fujii, S., Lee, J.H., Shimizu, T., Sakurai, K.

    ACS Applied Bio Materials   Vol. 2 ( 4 ) page: 1652 - 1659   2019.4

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    Rationally designed bolaamphiphiles are known to self-assemble into nanotube structures. Herein, we report the formation of an inclusion complex between a nanotube and bovine serum albumin (BSA). This complex formation was confirmed by ultraviolet (UV) absorbance and electrophoretic light scattering (ELS). The structure for different mixing ratios of BSA to the nanotube was also investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The structural analysis with our proposed model has revealed that the BSA molecules were contained within the internal space of the nanotube with maintenance of its tubular structure.

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  34. Discrete and Discontinuous Increase in the Micellar Aggregation Number: Effects of the Alkyl Chain Length on Platonic Micelles Reviewed

    Fujii, S., Yamada, S., Araki, M., Lee, J.H., Takahashi, R., Sakurai, K.

    Langmuir   Vol. 35 ( 8 ) page: 3156 - 3161   2019.2

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    Micelles with perfect monodispersity in terms of the aggregation number (N-agg) have recently been discovered, whose values of N-agg interestingly always coincide with the vertex or face number of regular polyhedral structures (i.e., Platonic solids). Owing to the monodispersity of the micelles, named Platonic micelles, we could expect them to exhibit unprecedented aggregation behavior. In this study, the effects of alkyl chain length on micellar aggregation behavior were characterized using small-angle scattering techniques such as small-angle X-ray scattering and asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation coupled with multi-angle light scattering, as well as analytical ultracentrifugation measurements. The N-agg of Platonic micelles discretely and discontinuously increased when increasing the alkyl chain length, which differs markedly from the findings for conventional micelles. This aggregation behavior could be reasonably explained by the relationship between the thermodynamic stability of the micelles and the coverage density defined by one of the unsolved mathematical problems: the Tammes problem.

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  35. Dual and multiple stimuli-responsive platonic micelles bearing disaccharides Reviewed

    Miyake, R., Fujii, S., Lee, J.H., Takahashi, R., Sakurai, K.

    Journal of Colloid and Interface Science   Vol. 535   page: 8 - 15   2019.2

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    We recently identified completely monodisperse micelles whose aggregation number (N-agg) coincides with the vertex number of regular polyhedra, named Platonic micelles. The combination of both the micellar properties and controlling their structures by external stimuli could be promising for producing precisely controlled self-assembled structures. From this perspective, we newly synthesized a calix[4] arene-based amphiphile bearing disaccharides, cellobioses. The crowded and bulky structure in the hydrophilic group could provide a novel stimuli-responsiveness of disaccharides in amphiphiles. The aggregation behavior such as the morphologies and the aggregation number of the calix[4]arene-based micelle was characterized using small angle scattering techniques and analytical ultracentrifugation measurements. Owing to hydrogen bonding among the disaccharide, the head volume became smaller than expected, resulting in the formation of cylindrical ones. However, cleaving the hydrogen bond by controlling temperature or pH induced morphological transition of the micellar structure from cylindrical to spherical. The dual-stimuli (temperature and pH) generated smaller micelles with N-agg of 12. Interestingly, when the amphiphile formed spherical micelles at various conditions, the N-agg matched the Platonic number, and the change of N-agg in response to the external stimuli was non-continuous, which is consistent with the concept of Platonic micelles. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.

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  36. Tuning of the aggregation number of Platonic micelles with a binary mixture of calix[4]arene surfactants Reviewed

    Lee, J.H., Fujii, S., Takahashi, R., Sakurai, K.

    Chemical communications (Cambridge, England)   Vol. 55 ( 9 ) page: 1303 - 1305   2019

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    The mixture ratios were used as a factor for aggregation number (N-agg) determination in binary mixtures of calix[4]arene surfactants. Platonic micelles having different N-agg were prepared by adjusting the ratio of oppositely charged compounds.

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  37. Observing the Kinetic Pathway of Nanotube Formation from Bolaamphiphiles by Time-Resolved Small-Angle X-ray Scattering Reviewed

    Takahashi, R., Kawauchi, H., Kameta, N., Lee, J.H., Fujii, S., Shimizu, T., Sakurai, K.

    Journal of Physical Chemistry B   Vol. 123 ( 19 ) page: 4340 - 4345   2019

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    We investigated the formation kinetics of a single monolayer nanotube from bolaamphiphiles (consisting of a sugar residue, an alkyl chain, and an amino group) in solution. In this bolaamphiphile, a transition from a monomerically dispersed state to the nanotube takes place by changing the solvent condition. This transition was induced by fast mixing with a stopped-flow apparatus. From just after the mixing, this transition process was monitored in situ by time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering. In this manner, we were able to derive the direct structural information as a function of time during the nanotube formation. The results revealed that disklike aggregates initially formed, which then grew and closed to produce a tubular structure.

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  38. Monodisperse micelles composed of poly(ethylene glycol) attached surfactants: Platonic nature in a macromolecular aggregate Reviewed

    Lee, J.H., Matsumoto, H., Fujii, S., Takahashi, R., Sakurai, K.

    Soft Matter   Vol. 15 ( 27 ) page: 5371 - 5374   2019

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    Among the many studies on micelles, dating back more than 100 years, we first found a series of monodisperse micelles: spherical micelles made from calix[4]arene surfactants exhibited monodispersity in aggregation number (N-agg) with values of 4, 6, 8, 12, and 20. We named these Platonic micelles because these values coincided with the face numbers of the Platonic solids. The preferred N-agg values were explained in relation to the mathematical Tammes problem: how to obtain the best coverage of a sphere surface with multiple identical circles. In this paper, we synthesized poly(ethylene glycol)-attached surfactants and carried out small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) to determine the N-agg. We found that these polymeric surfactants also formed monodispersed micelles and N-agg discontinuously increased from 20 to 24, and then 32 with increasing the alkyl carbon numbers from 9 to 11 continuously. The determined N-agg was greater than 20 and the Platonic solid numbers. We assumed that the preferred N-agg values could be explained in relation to the Tammes problem as well.

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  39. Kinetics of block copolymer micelles formed in solution,ブロック共重合体が溶液中で形成する高分子ミセルの動力学 Reviewed

    Sato, T., Takahashi, R.

    Kobunshi Ronbunshu   Vol. 76 ( 1 ) page: 3 - 22   2019

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    We overview both theoretical and experimental studies on the following kinetics of block copolymer micelles formed in a selective solvent reported so far: 1) the exchange kinetics of block copolymer chains among micelles was investigated by time-resolved small-angle neutron scattering for deuterated block copolymer micelles mixed with corresponding non-labeled micelles; 2) the growth of the micelles after a temperature jump was studied by time-resolved light scattering; 3) the nucleation-growth kinetics of the block copolymer micelles in solution was investigated by light and small-angle X-ray scattering using a stopped flow apparatus; 4) the morphology transition kinetics from cylindrical micelles to spherical micelles of block copolymers was studied by transmittance electron microscopy and time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering.

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  40. Morphological Transition of Oppositely Charged Calix[4]arene Surfactant Mixture Reviewed

    Ji Ha Lee, Shota Fujii, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai

    LANGMUIR   Vol. 34 ( 40 ) page: 12109 - 12115   2018.10

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    When a negatively charged sulfonic or a positively charged amine group is attached to calix[4]arene surfactants, denoted as SCal7 and QACal7, respectively, each system forms monodispersed spherical micelles with a defined aggregation number. We postulated that these defined monodisperse aggregations can be adjusted in terms of the coverage, that is, how efficiently can a spherical surface (, hydrophobic domain) be covered with identical caps (hydrophilic headgroup). We carried out small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), as well as titration calorimetry and dynamic light scattering (DLS), to observe the morphologies of the mixtures of these two components. The calorimetry showed a 1:1 stoichiometric exothermic reaction with a rather large binding constant. This means that, once the twin is formed from QACaI7 and SCal7, these components hardly separate. SAXS showed that the spherical micelles changed to cylindrical ones and then to vesicle shapes as the composition reached a ratio of 1:1. At some intermediate compositions, mixtures of cylinders and plates (or spheres) were observed, which were confirmed by dynamic light scattering. We assume that the twin has a larger packing parameter than the individuals because of the cancellation of the charges between the sulfonic and the amine groups, and thus, the increase of the twin composition induces the entire morphology change, as expected from the packing parameter principle. In the present case, the coverage may be a secondary factor determining the morphology.

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  41. Spherical micelle transition behaviors at different composition of calix[4]arene by the electrostatic interaction

    Lee, JH; Fujii, S; Takahashi, R; Sakurai, K

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 256   2018.8

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  42. Monodispersity of the micelles composed of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-attached surfactants: Platonic micelles in conventional micelle system

    Hayata Matsumoto, Shota Fujii, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 256   2018.8

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  43. Platonic micelles part 1: Monodisperse micelles in the system of reverse micelles

    Fujii, S; Miyake, R; Lee, JH; Takahashi, R; Sakurai, K

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 256   2018.8

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  44. Platonic micelles part 2: Kinetic consideration of the micelles with the discrete aggregation numbers and mono-dispersity

    Kazuo Sakurai, Rintaro Takahashi, Ji Ha Lee, Shota Fujii

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 256   2018.8

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  45. Core-Shell-Corona Micelles from a Polyether-Based Triblock Terpolymer: Investigation of the pH-Dependent Micellar Structure Reviewed International coauthorship

    Miwa, S., Takahashi, R., Rossel, C., Matsumoto, S., Fujii, S., Lee, J.H., Schacher, F.H., Sakurai, K.

    Langmuir   Vol. 34 ( 26 ) page: 7813 - 7820   2018.7

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    Core-shell-corona micelles featuring a pH-responsive shell have been characterized in dilute aqueous solution at different pH values (4-8) by using dynamic light scattering (DLS), field-flow fractionation coupled with multiangle light scattering detector (FFF-MALS), steady-state fluorescence, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM). The micelles are formed by self-assembly of a polyether-based triblock terpolymer consisting of a hydrophobic poly(tert-butyl glycidyl ether) block (PtBGE), a pH-responsive modified poly(allyl glycidyl ether) segment (PAGE(COOH)), and a neutral hydrophilic poly(ethylene oxide) block (PEO). Because of the side-chain carboxylic acids in the middle block, the micellar structure and size depends on the solution pH. Hereby, we show that an increase in pH induces a decrease in the aggregation number (N-agg). In addition, the combination of the above measurements revealed an unexpected morphological change from spherical to ellipsoidal micelles by increasing pH.

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  46. Kinetics of Morphological Transition between Cylindrical and Spherical Micelles in a Mixture of Anionic-Neutral and Cationic-Neutral Block Copolymers Studied by Time-Resolved SAXS and USAXS Reviewed International coauthorship

    Takahashi, R., Narayanan, T., Yusa, S.-I., Sato, T.

    Macromolecules   Vol. 51 ( 10 ) page: 3654 - 3662   2018.5

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    This study is concerned with the morphological transition kinetics of polyelectrolyte complex micelles formed from an anionic-neutral block copolymer and a cationic-neutral block copolymer in aqueous NaCl solution. The transformation was induced by changing the mixing ratio of the anionic and cationic monomer units in the copolymers. The kinetics of the morphological transition was directly tracked by time-resolved (ultra) small-angle X-ray scattering coupled with rapid mixing of the block copolymer components by a stopped flow apparatus. The transformation from cylindrical to spherical micelles upon changing the mixing ratio of the copolymers was reversible, and the process occurred via the random scission of the cylindrical micelles along their contours. The reverse transition from spherical to cylindrical micelles was found to be a slow process with high activation energy.

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  47. Rediscovering the Monodispersity of Sulfonatocalix[4]arene-Based Micelles Reviewed

    Shota Fujii, Ji Ha Lee, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai

    LANGMUIR   Vol. 34 ( 17 ) page: 5072 - 5078   2018.5

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    When the micellar aggregation number (N-agg) is small enough (<30), the N-agg matches the value of vertexes of a regular polyhedron: Platonic solids, and demonstrates perfect monodispersity. These micelles are named Platonic micelles and are particularly found in the system of calix[4]arene-based micelles due to the rigid structure of the backbone molecule. Although sulfonatocalix[4]arene-based micelles are among the most studied host molecules in supramolecular chemistry, their micellar properties as Platonic micelles have thus far been overlooked. In this study, we prepared various sulfonatocalix[4]arene-based amphiphiles bearing alkyl chains with different lengths and investigated their aggregation behavior. When the amphiphiles formed spherical micelles, they demonstrated monodispersity in terms of N-agg, whose value changed from 4 to 17, and then to 24, upon increasing the carbon number in each alkyl chain from CS to C6, and then to C7, respectively. Although the numbers 17 and 24 do not match the vertices of regular polyhedra, these values can be reasonably explained by the Thomson problem, which considers the Coulomb potential for calculating the best packing on a sphere with multiple identical spherical caps. This study describes rediscovery of the monodispersity of sulfonatocalix[4]arene-based micelles, which is consistent with the idea of Platonic micelles.

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  48. Platonic micelles part 2: Thermodynamic and kinetic consideration of the micelles with the discrete aggregation numbers and mono-dispersity

    Kazuo Sakurai, Rintaro Takahashi, Shota Fujii

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 255   2018.3

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  49. Platonic micelles part 1: Monodispersity and discreteness of the aggregation number of calix[4]arene-based micelles bearing non-ionic hydrophilic groups

    Fujii, S; Takahashi, R; Sakurai, K

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 255   2018.3

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  50. A tetramer micelle: The smallest aggregation number corresponding to the vertex number of regular polyhedra in platonic micelles Reviewed

    Fujii, S., Takahashi, R., Ha, L.J., Sakurai, K.

    Soft Matter   Vol. 14 ( 6 ) page: 875 - 878   2018.2

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    In this paper, we describe the construction of tetramer micelles based on the idea of "Platonic micelles'' whose aggregation number (N-agg) matches the vertex number of regular polyhedra and exhibits the monodispersity and discreteness in the N-agg.

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  51. Correction: A tetramer micelle: the smallest aggregation number corresponding to the vertex number of regular polyhedra in platonic micelles.

    Fujii S, Takahashi R, Lee JH, Sakurai K

    Soft matter   Vol. 14 ( 6 ) page: 1067   2018.2

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  52. Cross-sectional structures of a molecular monolayer nanotube explored with SAXS: evidence for the parallel orientation of the headgroups in asymmetric bolaamphiphiles Reviewed

    Kenta Yoshida, Rintaro Takahashi, Shota Fujii, Naohiro Kameta, Toshimi Shimizu, Kazuo Sakurai

    PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS   Vol. 19 ( 36 ) page: 24445 - 24447   2017.9

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    We investigated the cross-sectional structure of amolecular monolayer nanotube self-assembled from asymmetric bolaamphiphiles having two different hydrophilic headgroups. Small-angle X-ray scattering measurements clarified that the glucose and amino headgroups form the exterior and interior surfaces of the nanotube, respectively.

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  53. Self-Assembly of Calix[4]arene-Based Amphiphiles Bearing Polyethylene Glycols: Another Example of "Platonic Micelles" Reviewed

    Kenta Yoshida, Shota Fujii, Rintaro Takahashi, Sakiko Matsumoto, Kazuo Sakurai

    LANGMUIR   Vol. 33 ( 36 ) page: 9122 - 9128   2017.9

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    The aggregation number of classical micelles exhibits a certain distribution, which is a recognizable feature of conventional micelles. However, we recently identified perfectly monodisperse calix[4]arene-based micelles whose aggregation numbers agree with the vertex numbers of regular polyhedra, that is, Platonic solids, and thus they are named Platonic micelles. Regarding our hypothesis of the formation mechanism of Platonic micelles, both repulsive interactions including steric hindrance and electrostatic repulsions among the headgroups are important for determining their aggregation number; however, neither of these is necessarily needed to consider. In this study, we employed polyethylene glycols (PEGs) as the nonionic headgroup of calix[4]arene-based amphiphiles to study the effects of only repulsive interactions caused by steric hindrance on the formation of Platonic micelles. The amphiphiles containing relatively low-molecular-weight PEGs (550 or 1000 g mol(-1)) form dodecamer or octamer micelles, respectively, with no variation in the aggregation number. However, relatively high-molecular-weight PEGs (2000 g mol(-1)) produce polydispersed micelles with a range of aggregation number. PEG 2000 exhibits a greater affinity for water than PEG 550 and 1000, resulting in fewer hydrophobic interactions in micelle formation, as indicated by the drastic increase of the critical micelle concentration (CMC) value in the PEG 2000 system. The instability of the structure of PEG(2k)CaL5 micelles might contribute to the higher mobility of PEG in the micellar shell, resulting in a non-Platonic aggregation number with polydispersity.

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  54. Platonic micelles part 1: Monodisperse sulfonatocalix[4]arene-based micelles with discrete aggregation numbers

    Fujii, S; Takahashi, R; Sakurai, K

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 254   2017.8

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  55. Platonic micelles part 2: Thermodynamic and kinetic consideration of the micelles with the discrete aggregation numbers and mono-dispersity

    Kazuo Sakurai, Rintaro Takahashi, Theyencheri Narayanan, Shota Fujii

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 254   2017.8

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  56. Monitoring the Discontinuous Dodecamer-Icosamer Transition of a Calix[4]arene-Derived Surfactant by Time-Resolved Small-Angle X-ray Scattering Reviewed

    Rintaro Takahashi, Sakiko Matsumoto, Shota Fujii, Theyencheri Narayanan, Kazuo Sakurai

    ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION   Vol. 56 ( 24 ) page: 6734 - 6738   2017.6

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    Calix[4]arene-derived surfactants form monodisperse micelles witha well-defined aggregation number (N-agg) of 4, 6, 8, 12, or 20, corresponding to the Platonic solids. This feature is in strong contrast to conventional micelles. In this study, a transition from a dodecamer (N-agg = 12) to an icosamer (N-agg = 20) was induced by a rapid increase in the NaCl concentration (CNaCl) using a stopped-flow device and directly observed by time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering. The N-agg remained unchanged during the first 60 s after the increase in CNaCl, and then abruptly increased to 20. This feature resembles phase transitions in supersaturated or supercooled states, or highly cooperative phenomena. We surmise that this finding may be due to the fact that only a few N-agg values are thermodynamically allowed when N-agg is sufficiently small. This is the first observation of such an induction time in micellar aggregation.

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  57. Salt-induced Morphology Transition of a Micelle Formed of a Calix[4]arene-Derivative Cationic Surfactant in Aqueous Solution Reviewed

    Sakiko Matsumoto, Rintaro Takahashi, Shimpei Yamada, Shota Fujii, Kazuo Sakurai

    CHEMISTRY LETTERS   Vol. 46 ( 5 ) page: 750 - 752   2017.5

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    We have investigated the morphology of a micelle consisting of a calix[4]arene-derivative surfactant under various NaCl concentrations CS by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and estimated the molar mass dispersity index (D) over tilde of the micelles by field flow fractionation (FFF). We found the sphere-to-cylinder morphology transition induced by increasing C-S. Although (D) over tilde was very low in the spherical morphology, (D) over tilde increased when the morphology became cylindrical.

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  58. Glutamic Acids Bearing Calix[4]arene Micelles: pH-Controllable Aggregation Number Corresponding to Regular Polyhedra Reviewed

    Shota Fujii, Rintaro Takahashi, Kazuo Sakurai

    LANGMUIR   Vol. 33 ( 16 ) page: 4019 - 4027   2017.4

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    We have prepared a new calix[4]arene-based lipid containing glutamic acid as the hydrophilic group. The alpha- amine and the gamma-carboxylic acid groups of the glutamic acid moiety allowed a continuous change in the state of the headgroup from cationic to zwitterionic and then to anionic with increasing pH. Accompanying this headgroup change, micelles of the lipid underwent a morphological transformation from spherical to cylindrical and again to spherical. The morphological transition was ascribed to the change in the lipid conformation corresponding to the pH conditions. Interestingly, at acidic and basic pH, the spherical micelles demonstrated monodispersity in terms of the aggregation number, Which agreed with the vertex numbers of Platonic solids, indicating the formation of Platonic micelles. At acidic and basic pH, the lipid conformations were almost identical, but there was a slight difference in the hydrophilic volume, which might affect the packing behavior of the lipid in micelles and account for the difference in the aggregation number. This Study clearly demonstrates the precise pH-controllable aggregation number of micelles, which belong to the Platonic micelle systems.

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  59. Small-angle X-ray scattering from the concentrated bulk phase separated from an amphiphilic block-copolymer solution Reviewed International coauthorship

    Masaaki Kondo, Rintaro Takahashi, Xing-Ping Qiu, Francoise M. Winnik, Ken Terao, Takahiro Sato

    POLYMER JOURNAL   Vol. 49 ( 4 ) page: 385 - 389   2017.4

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    Aqueous solutions of the doubly thermosensitive block copolymer poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) heated to 50 degrees C underwent a macroscopic liquid/liquid phase separation. The small-angle X-ray scattering intensity recorded from the concentrated phase settled on the bottom of a sample indicated that this phase was in the disordered state without any microphase separation, although the block copolymer was amphiphilic in water at 50 degrees C. It was also confirmed that the contribution to the scattering intensities of individual copolymer chains and their aggregates existing in the coexisting concentrated phase was very small, compared with the total scattering intensity of the phase-separated solution, when the concentrated phase was suspended in the form of colloidal droplets in the lean phase.

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  60. Growth Kinetics of Polyelectrolyte Complexes Formed from Oppositely-Charged Homopolymers Studied by Time-Resolved Ultra-Small-Angle X-ray Scattering Reviewed International coauthorship

    Rintaro Takahashi, Theyencheri Narayanan, Takahiro Sato

    JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS   Vol. 8 ( 4 ) page: 737 - 741   2017.2

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    We have monitored the kinetic process of polyelectrolyte complex formation between sodium polyacrylate (SPA) and polyallylamine hydrochrolide (PAH) in aqueous NaCI solution by time-resolved ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (TR-USAXS) combined with rapid mixing. SPA and PAH with different NaCI concentrations from 0 to 1 M were rapidly mixed in equimolar concentration of the monomer units using a stopped-flow apparatus with a dead time of about 2.5 ms. Within the dead time, percolated aggregate-like structures were observed suggesting that the initially formed small charge neutral aggregates further assembled to form higher order agglomerates. The early stage time evolution of the molar mass of the global structure in the presence of NaCI was found to be comparable to the Brownian-coagulation rate.

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  61. Competition between the micellization and the liquid-liquid phase separation in amphiphilic block copolymer solutions Reviewed

    Sato, T., Takahashi, R.

    Polymer Journal   Vol. 49 ( 2 ) page: 273 - 277   2017.2

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    We have formulated the mixing Gibbs energy density for the micelle phase of an amphiphilic block copolymer solution using mean-field lattice theory. We have found a transition between the micellization and the liquid-liquid phase separation in this solution by comparing the mixing Gibbs energy density for the micelle phase with that for the homogeneous phase. Micellization is preferred over the liquid-liquid phase separation not only at a higher amphiphilicity of the block copolymer chain but also at a higher degree of polymerization of the copolymer.

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  62. Local and global conformations of flower micelles and flower necklaces formed by an amphiphilic alternating copolymer in aqueous solution Reviewed

    Kai Uramoto, Rintaro Takahashi, Ken Terao, Takahiro Sato

    POLYMER JOURNAL   Vol. 48 ( 8 ) page: 863 - 867   2016.8

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    We investigated the local and global conformations of flower micelles and flower necklaces formed by the amphiphilic alternating copolymer of sodium maleate and dodecyl vinyl ether, P(MAL/C12), in an aqueous solution using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and light scattering. SAXS profiles obtained for seven P(MAL/C12) samples with different degrees of polymerization N-01 showed sharp minima characteristic to the hydrophobic core formed by dodecyl groups with a low electron density. Both the SAXS profile I(k) and hydrodynamic radius R-H for P(MAL/C12) samples with N-01 &lt; 300 are consistently explained by the flower micelle model with minimum-sized loops, while I(k) for micelles formed by P(MAL/C12) samples with N-01&gt;300 is explained in terms of the flower necklace model, of which hydrophobic core size determined from I(k) was slightly larger than that from R-H. The size distribution of the hydrophobic core is narrower for the flower necklace than for the flower micelle.

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  63. Reversible Vesicle-Spherical Micelle Transition in a Polyion Complex Micellar System Induced by Changing the Mixing Ratio of Copolymer Components Reviewed

    Rintaro Takahashi, Takahiro Sato, Ken Terao, Shin-ichi Yusa

    MACROMOLECULES   Vol. 49 ( 8 ) page: 3091 - 3099   2016.4

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    The mixing ratio dependence of the morphology of a polyion complex micelle formed of an anionic neutral double-hydrophilic block copolymer (AP) and a cationic-neutral double-hydrophilic block copolymer (MP) in 0.1 M aqueous NaCl solution was investigated by using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), electrophoretic light scattering (ELS), and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), under the condition that the anionic and cationic block chains are much longer than the neutral block chains. When the anionic and cationic monomer units in the solution are nearly equimolar, the net charge of the polyion complex micelle is close to zero, and the bilayer vesicle is formed. However, when the anionic or cationic monomer units in the solution are richer than the other, the polyion complex micelle is charged by including the excess block copolymer component to form the smaller spherical micelle. The morphology transition between the vesicle and spherical micelle can take place reversibly by simply adding AP or MP into the micellar solutions. The electrostatic energy of the micelle may induce the morphology transition.

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  64. Intermolecular Interactions and Self-Assembly in Aqueous Solution of a Mixture of Anionic-Neutral and Cationic-Neutral Block Copolymers Reviewed

    Rintaro Takahashi, Takahiro Sato, Ken Terao, Shin-ichi Yusa

    MACROMOLECULES   Vol. 48 ( 19 ) page: 7222 - 7229   2015.10

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    We have investigated the self-assembly in dilute aqueous solutions of a mixture of an anionic-neutral block copolymer (AP) and a cationic-neutral block copolymer (MP) by changing the added sodium chloride (NaCl) concentration C-S or electrostatic interactions among oppositely charged blocks, by direct observation, optical and electron microscopies, and small-angle X-ray scattering. The ratio of the charged to neutral block chain lengths was ca. 10., and the total copolymer concentration and the mixing ratio (the mole fraction of the MP charge unit in the total charge units) of AP and MP were fixed to be 0.005 g/cm(3) and 0.6, respectively. With decreasing C-S from 2 to 0 M, we have found reentrant one-phase, two-phase, one-phase transitions in the aqueous solution of the AP-MP mixture. The two-phase to one-phase transition at C-S similar to 0.5 M arises from the competition between the macroscopic phase transition and micellization, which is the first observation in dilute block copolymer solutions. Moreover, we have found a micelle morphology transition from the bilayer vesicle to the cylindrical micelle with further decreasing C-S from 0.5 M to lower than 0.05 M.

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  65. Self-Association of the Thermosensitive Block Copolymer Poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) in Water Methanol Mixtures Reviewed International coauthorship

    Rintaro Takahashi, Xing-Ping Qiu, Na Xue, Takahiro Sato, Ken Terao, Francoise M. Winnik

    MACROMOLECULES   Vol. 47 ( 19 ) page: 6900 - 6910   2014.10

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    The dehydration and self-association of a novel thermosensitive diblock copolymer consisting of poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PIPOZ-b-PNIPAM) upon heating were studied in water and water methanol (MeOH) mixtures by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), turbidimetry, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and fluorescence depolarization. Although the difference of the phase-separation temperatures of the PIPOZ and PNIPAM homopolymers solutions was enhanced as the MeOH content in the mixed solvent increases, the DSC thermograms of PIPOZ-b-PNIPAM in water MeOH mixtures were not bimodal, which indicates that the dehydration of each block does not occur independently. As a result, the amphiphilicity of this copolymer is weaker in the amphiphilic condition than that of the related thermosensitive block copolymer of PIPOZ and poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (PIPOZ-b-PEOZ) examined previously, which undergoes phase separation in hot water under the same conditions. Both PIPOZ-b-PNIPAM and PIPOZ-b-PEOZ solutions undergo a temperature-induced liquid liquid phase separation, but the formation of the spherical micelle in the coexisting dilute phase is more difficult in the former solution. The colloidal stability of the coexisting concentrated phase depends on the mixed solvent composition. The colloids flocculate in conditions for which the copolymer is of intermediate amphiphilicity, as observed previously also in the PIPOZ-b-PEOZ solution, possibly due to the viscoelastic effect experienced by colloidal particles bearing on their interface chains of a more hydrophilic block.

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  66. Dehydration and phase-separation behaviors of poly(2-oxazoline) containing block copolymers in solution

    Rintaro Takahashi, Xing-Ping Qiu, Takahiro Sato, Ken Terao, Francoise M. Winnik

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 248   2014.8

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  67. Self-Association of a Thermosensitive Amphiphilic Block Copolymer Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) in Aqueous Solution upon Heating Reviewed

    Takahiro Sato, Kohei Tanaka, Akiko Toyokura, Rika Mori, Rintaro Takahashi, Ken Terao, Shin-ichi Yusa

    MACROMOLECULES   Vol. 46 ( 1 ) page: 226 - 235   2013.1

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    The self-association behavior of a thermosensitive amphiphilic block copolymer, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PNIPAM-b-PNVP) in water upon heating was investigated by static and dynamic light scattering (SLS and DLS), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and pulsed field gradient NMR (PFG-NMR). Combining SLS and DLS with SAXS and PFG-NMR, we conclude that above 40 degrees C, the unimer or a few arms star micelle of the copolymer coexists with large spherical particles of uniform density, which should be regarded as concentrated-phase droplets produced by a liquid liquid phase separation. The spherical particles of PNIPAM-b-PNVP samples with the PNIPAM content less than 0.32 became smaller with increasing temperature. This temperature dependence was explained in terms of the packing parameter for amphiphiles.

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  68. Self-Association of a Thermosensitive Poly(alkyl-2-oxazoline) Block Copolymer in Aqueous Solution Reviewed International coauthorship

    Rintaro Takahashi, Takahiro Sato, Ken Terao, Xing-Ping Qiu, Francoise M. Winnik

    MACROMOLECULES   Vol. 45 ( 15 ) page: 6111 - 6119   2012.8

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    We have investigated the heat-induced self-association in water of a block copolymer (PIPOZ-b-PEOZ) comprising two thermosensitive blocks: a poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline) block (degree of polymerization 71) and a poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) block (degree of polymerization 38) using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), static light scattering (SLS), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) together with visual observation on the macroscopic and microscopic scales. The dehydration temperatures of the PIPOZ and PEOZ blocks in water are 43 and 54 degrees C, respectively. When heated abruptly to 50 degrees C where PIPOZ-b-PEOZ is amphiphilic, the copolymer first forms star micelles that further aggregate to form large concentrated phase droplets, and finally the droplets coalesce into a bulk liquid phase, having a copolymer concentration as high as 0.8 g/cm(3). When heated abruptly to 70 degrees C, where both blocks are hydrophobic, the copolymer solution also separates into two liquid phases, consisting of phase-separated polymer-rich micrometer or submicrometer size droplets dispersed in a polymer-poor liquid phase, but the droplets do not coalesce into a liquid bulk phase. We discuss the role of the more hydrophilic PEOZ block in the macroscopic phase separation behavior. No microphase separation takes place in the concentrated phase of the aqueous PIPOZ-b-PEOZ block copolymer solution.

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  69. Phase separation behavior in aqueous solutions of polyoxazoline homopolymer and block copolymer

    Takahiro Sato, Rintaro Takahashi, Xingping Qiu, Francoise M. Winnik

    ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY   Vol. 243   2012.3

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Books 1

  1. CSJカレントレビュー Vol 29 構造制御による革新的ソフトマテリアル創成 ブロック共重合体の精密階層制御・解析・機能化

    高橋 倫太郎, 佐藤 尚弘( Role: Contributor ,  Part 1, Chapter 2 分子キャラクタリゼーションと溶液中での自己集合体形成)

    化学同人  2018.5  ( ISBN:9784759813890

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MISC 1

  1. Platonic micelles: A new concept of micelles since their discovery 100 years ago

    S. Fujii, R. Takahashi, K. Sakurai

    SPring-8/SACLA Research Frontiers 2017     2018

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Presentations 6

  1. A Discontinuous Transition from Dodecamer to Icosamer After an Induction Time in a Calix[4]arene-Derived Surfactant Monitored by Time-Resolved SAXS International conference

    Rintaro Takahashi

    91st ACS Colloid & Surface Science Symposium  2017.7.9 

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  2. Structure, formation kinetics, and protein inclusion of nanotube formed from bolaamphiphiles International conference

    Rintaro Takahashi

    7th Synchrotron Radiation in Polymer Science (SRPS)  2018.9.4 

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  3. Morphology transitions of polyion complex micelles International conference

    Rintaro Takahashi

    4th International Soft Matter Conference  2016.9.12 

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  4. Intermolecular interaction and self-assembly in aqueous solutions of a mixture of anionic-neutral and cationic-neutral block copolymers International conference

    Rintaro Takahashi

    2015 International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies  2015.12.15 

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  5. DISCONTINUOUS DODECAMER−ICOSAMER TRANSITION OF A CALIXARENE-DERIVED SURFACTANT MONITORED BY TIME-RESOLVED SMALL-ANGLE X-RAY SCATTERING International conference

    Rintaro Takahashi

    SAS 2018 - XVII International Small Angle Scattering Conference  2018.10.7 

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  6. A Discontinuous Transition from Dodecamer to Icosamer After an Induction Time in a Calix[4]arene-Derived Surfactant Monitored by Time-Resolved SAXS International conference

    Rintaro Takahashi

    IUMRS-ICA 2017  2017.11.5 

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Research Project for Joint Research, Competitive Funding, etc. 2

  1. 高分子ベシクルの形成機構に関する研究 International coauthorship

    2021.4 - 2025.3

    小笠原敏晶記念財団  一般研究助成 

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    Grant type:Competitive

    Grant amount:\5000000

  2. In situ observation of Polymersome formation in an ionic liquid

    2021.4 - 2022.3

    Kazato Research Foundation  Kazato Research Encouragement Prize 

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    Authorship:Principal investigator  Grant type:Competitive

    Grant amount:\2000000

KAKENHI (Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research) 5

  1. 重合誘起自己組織化によるゲル研究の新展開

    Grant number:24K17722  2024.4 - 2027.3

    科学研究費助成事業  若手研究

    高橋 倫太郎

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    Grant amount:\4550000 ( Direct Cost: \3500000 、 Indirect Cost:\1050000 )

  2. 無機ナノ粒子と両親媒性ポリペプチドの液相自己組織化による粒子精密配列

    Grant number:22H02165  2022.4 - 2025.3

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業  基盤研究(B)

    鳴瀧 彩絵, 高橋 倫太郎

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    無機ナノ粒子の配列体は従来の原理を超えた機能を発現することが理論的に予測されてお
    り,それらを高精度,高収率,省エネルギーで生産する革新的プロセスの開発が求められて
    いる.本研究では,無機ナノ粒子と両親媒性ポリペプチドの協奏的自己組織化を利用して,
    水を溶媒とする液相から,構造単分散性にすぐれるナノ粒子配列体のコロイドを得る手法を
    開拓する.特に,光学分野のアプリケーションへ直結する金属の分割リングナノ構造の創出
    と,ナノ構造へのキラリティーの付与に挑戦する.
    本研究では、無機ナノ粒子と両親媒性ポリペプチドの協奏的自己組織化を利用して、水を溶媒とする液相から、構造単分散性にすぐれるナノ粒子配列体のコロイドを得る手法を開拓する。
    2022年度は、親水部と疎水部の鎖長が異なる3種類の両親媒性ブロックエラスチン類似ポリペプチド(bELP)を遺伝子工学的に作製した。これらの親水部および疎水部の残基数は、bELP1: 245および301, bELP2: 250および600, bELP3: 500および600である。これらを平均粒径15nmのシリカナノ粒子と水中で混合し、1日後に基板へスピンコートした後、走査型電子顕微鏡で観察した。全てのブロックポリペプチドの存在下で、ナノ粒子が集合して直径100nm以下のクラスターを形成している様子が観察された。bELP1およびbELP2では、ナノ粒子がリング状および金平糖状に集合し、より親水部の長いbELP2において自己集合体の構造単分散性が向上した。最も長鎖のbELP3では、得られる集合体の大部分が金平糖状であった。動的光散乱法において、ポリペプチドのミセルサイズはbELP3 (87 nm)>bELP2 (58 nm) であったことから、bELP3では粒子を取り込める空間がより大きく、立体的な粒子集合体が得られやすかったと考えられる。
    さらに、ポリプロピレンオキシドとポリエチレンオキシドのブロック共重合体の存在下で形成するシリカナノ粒子自己集合体の液相中での構造を、小角X線散乱法および小角中性子散乱法で詳細に解析し、液相中での高分子/ナノ粒子集合構造を初めて明らかにした。
    ポリペプチドの遺伝子工学的合成に成功し、粒子集合体の走査型電子顕微鏡による観察や小角X線散乱による構造解析を予定通り実施できた。金属ナノ粒子を集合させる条件を見出すには至らなかったが、一方で、計画にはなかった中性子散乱実験を実施し、無機ナノ粒子/高分子の液相中での複合構造を明らかにできた。
    bELP存在下で形成するシリカナノ粒子集合体について、乾燥後の集合体を透過型電子顕微鏡法で、液相中の集合体を小角X線散乱法で観察することによって詳細な構造解析を行い、クラスターに含まれる粒子個数の分布や、粒子配列におけるキラリティーの有無を確認する。金属ナノ粒子の配列体作製にも引き続き取り組むが、粒子配列に適した条件が見つからない場合は、誘電体ナノ粒子の配列制御の精度を高めて応用可能性を探る。

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  3. Development of water purification material consisting of functional porous body with a hierarchical structure

    Grant number:21KK0098  2021.10 - 2025.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Fund for the Promotion of Joint International Research (Fostering Joint International Research (B))

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  4. Development of conductive protein nanowires

    Grant number:21K19901  2021.7 - 2023.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Research (Exploratory)

    Sugawara-Narutaki Ayae

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    The results of this study revealed the electrical conductivity and mechanism of protein nanofibers composed of recombinant elastin, and provided molecular design guidelines for improving electrical conductivity. The electrical conductivity of recombinant elastin GPPG nanofiber thin films was evaluated by ultra-high vacuum cryo-two probe electrical conductivity measurements and found to be an insulator in vacuum. Two-terminal IV and AC impedance measurements in air showed that the electrical conductivity increased with increasing humidity, confirming its characteristics as a proton conductor. Small-angle X-ray scattering measurements of nanofiber dispersion solutions provided insight into the molecular assembly structure of the nanofibers. Based on these results, we devised an amino acid sequence that may be effective in improving conductivity and prepared several derivatives.

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  5. Formation mechanism of polymersome studied by microscopy

    Grant number:20K15337  2020.4 - 2024.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Early-Career Scientists

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    Grant amount:\4290000 ( Direct Cost: \3300000 、 Indirect Cost:\990000 )

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Teaching Experience (On-campus) 29

  1. Special Experiment of Energy Engineering with Exercises A

    2023

  2. Energy Engineering Seminar 1C

    2023

  3. Energy Engineering Seminar 1A

    2023

  4. Experiment of Energy Engineering 2A

    2023

  5. Energy Engineering Seminar 2E

    2023

  6. Energy Engineering Seminar 2C

    2023

  7. Energy Engineering Seminar 2A

    2023

  8. Energy Engineering Seminar 2E

    2022

  9. Energy Engineering Seminar 2C

    2022

  10. Energy Engineering Seminar 2A

    2022

  11. Special Experiment of Energy Engineering with Exercises A

    2022

  12. Energy Engineering Seminar 1C

    2022

  13. Energy Engineering Seminar 1A

    2022

  14. Energy Engineering Seminar 2B

    2022

  15. Energy Engineering Seminar 2D

    2022

  16. Special Experiment of Energy Engineering with Exercises B

    2022

  17. Energy Engineering Seminar 1D

    2022

  18. Energy Engineering Seminar 1B

    2022

  19. Energy Engineering Seminar 2E

    2021

  20. Energy Engineering Seminar 2C

    2021

  21. Energy Engineering Seminar 2A

    2021

  22. Special Experiment of Energy Engineering with Exercises A

    2021

  23. Energy Engineering Seminar 1C

    2021

  24. Energy Engineering Seminar 1A

    2021

  25. Special Experiment of Energy Engineering with Exercises B

    2021

  26. Energy Engineering Seminar 1D

    2021

  27. Energy Engineering Seminar 1B

    2021

  28. Energy Engineering Seminar 2D

    2021

  29. Energy Engineering Seminar 2B

    2021

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