Updated on 2022/03/31

写真a

 
ISHII Keiko
 
Organization
Graduate School of Informatics Department of Cognitive and Psychological Sciences 2 Associate professor
Graduate School
Graduate School of Informatics
Undergraduate School
School of Informatics and Sciences Department of Social and Human Science Informatics
School of Informatics Department of Human and Social Informatics
Title
Associate professor
Contact information
メールアドレス

Degree 1

  1. 博士(人間・環境学) ( 2003.3   京都大学 ) 

Research Interests 3

  1. 感情

  2. 認知

  3. 文化

Research Areas 1

  1. Humanities & Social Sciences / Social psychology

Research History 6

  1. 神戸大学大学院人文学研究科   准教授

    2009.12 - 2018.3

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    Country:Japan

  2. 北海道大学社会科学実験研究センター   助教

    2007.4 - 2009.11

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    Country:Japan

  3. 北海道大学大学院文学研究科   助手

    2006.8 - 2007.3

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    Country:Japan

  4. Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan   Visiting scholar

    2004.9 - 2006.7

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    Country:Japan

  5. 日本学術振興会特別研究員   PD

    2004.4 - 2006.7

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    Country:Japan

  6. 北海道大学 大学院・文学研究科   助手

    2002.4 - 2004.3

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    Country:Japan

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Education 1

  1. Kyoto University   Graduate School, Division of Human and Environmental Studies

    - 2003.3

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    Country: Japan

Professional Memberships 5

  1. 日本心理学会

  2. 日本社会心理学会

  3. 日本認知科学会

  4. Society for Personality and Social Psychology

  5. 日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会

Committee Memberships 5

  1. 日本心理学会   代議員  

    2021   

  2. 日本心理学会機関紙等編集委員会   副編集長  

    2018 - 2021   

  3. 日本社会心理学会   理事  

    2017.4 - 2021.3   

  4. 日本心理学会国際委員会   委員  

    2016 - 2019   

  5. 日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会   理事  

    2015 - 2018   

Awards 7

  1. APS Fellow

    2022.1   Association for Psychological Science  

  2. 日本心理学会国際賞奨励賞

    2016.11   日本心理学会  

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    Award type:Award from Japanese society, conference, symposium, etc.  Country:Japan

  3. 神戸大学学長表彰

    2015.10   神戸大学  

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    Country:Japan

  4. 日本学術振興会賞

    2014.12   日本学術振興会  

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    Award type:International academic award (Japan or overseas)  Country:Japan

  5. 村尾育英会学術奨励賞

    2014.3   村尾育英会  

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    Award type:Award from publisher, newspaper, foundation, etc.  Country:Japan

  6. The Michael Harris Bond Award, The Asian Association of Social Psychology

    2011.8   The Asian Association of Social Psychology  

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    Award type:Award from international society, conference, symposium, etc.  Country:China

  7. 北海道心理学会研究奨励賞

    2009.11   北海道心理学会  

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    Award type:Award from Japanese society, conference, symposium, etc.  Country:Japan

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Papers 77

  1. Disgust sensitivity relates to attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women across 31 nations Reviewed

    Florian van Leeuwen;Yoel Inbar;Michael Bang Petersen;Lene Aarøe;Pat Barclay;Fiona Kate Barlow;Mícheál de Barra;D. Vaughn Becker;Leah Borovoi;Jongan Choi;Nathan S. Consedine;Jane Rebecca Conway;Paul Conway;Vera Cubela Adoric;Ekin Demirci;Ana María Fernández;Diogo Conque;Seco Ferreira;Keiko Ishii;Ivana Jakšić;Tingting Ji;Inga Jonaityte;David M. G. Lewis;Norman P. Li;Jason C. McIntyre;Sumitava Mukherjee;Justin H. Park;Boguslaw Pawlowski;David Pizarro;Pavol Prokop;Gerasimos Prodromitis;Markus J. Rantala;Lisa M. Reynolds;Bonifacio Sandin;Barış Sevi;Narayanan Srinivasan;Shruti Tewari;Jose C. Yong;Iris Žeželj;Joshua M. Tybur

    Group Processes & Intergroup Relations     page: 136843022110671 - 136843022110671   2022.3

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1177/13684302211067151

  2. Cultural Differences in the Perception of Daily Stress Between European Canadian and Japanese Undergraduate Students Reviewed International coauthorship

    Hajin Lee, Takahiko Masuda, Keiko Ishii, Yuto Yasuda, Yohsuke Ohtsubo

    Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     page: 014616722110703   2022.2

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SAGE Publications  

    The current research examines cross-cultural differences in people’s daily stress experiences and the role of social orientations in explaining their experiences. Using a situation sampling method, Study 1 collected European Canadian and Japanese undergraduates’ examples of stressful interpersonal and non-interpersonal situations they experienced, measuring participants’ perception of the intensity and frequency of each type of situation. Studies 2 and 3 examined the effects of culture on participants’ reports of stress symptoms under the situations. Study 3 assessed the mediating effects of independence and interdependence between culture and perceived stress. These studies indicated that the situational context moderates the effect of culture on perceptions of stress, showing a different amount of stress from interpersonal situations between Japanese and European Canadian undergraduates. Mediational analyses revealed that independent orientation partially explains the relationship between culture and stress from interpersonal situations. The implications of these results for culture and daily stress are discussed.

    DOI: 10.1177/01461672211070360

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    Other Link: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full-xml/10.1177/01461672211070360

  3. Swinging for the Fences Versus Advancing the Runner: Culture, Motivation, and Strategic Decision Making Reviewed International coauthorship International journal

    Roxie Chuang, Keiko Ishii, Heejung S. Kim, David K. Sherman

    Social Psychological and Personality Science   Vol. 13 ( 1 ) page: 91 - 101   2022.1

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SAGE Publications  

    This research investigated cross-cultural differences in strategic risky decisions in baseball—among professional baseball teams in North America and Japan (Study 1) and among baseball fans in the United States and Japan (Study 2—preregistered). Study 1 analyzed archival data from professional baseball leagues and demonstrated that outcomes reflecting high risk-high payoff strategies were more prevalent in North America, whereas outcomes reflecting low risk-low payoff strategies were more prevalent in Japan. Study 2 investigated fans’ strategic decision making with a wider range of baseball strategies as well as an underlying reason for the difference: approach/avoidance motivational orientation. European American participants preferred high risk-high payoff strategies, Japanese participants preferred low risk-low payoff strategies, and this cultural variation was explained by cultural differences in motivational orientation. Baseball, which exemplifies a domain where strategic decision making has observable consequences, can demonstrate the power of culture through the actions and preferences of players and fans alike.

    DOI: 10.1177/1948550621999273

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    Other Link: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full-xml/10.1177/1948550621999273

  4. Cultural differences in social support seeking: The mediating role of empathic concern. Reviewed International coauthorship International journal

    Shaofeng Zheng, Takahiko Masuda, Masahiro Matsunaga, Yasuki Noguchi, Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Hidenori Yamasue, Keiko Ishii

    PLoS ONE   Vol. 16 ( 12 ) page: e0262001   2021.12

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    Authorship:Last author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Prior research has found that East Asians are less willing than Westerners to seek social support in times of need. What factors account for this cultural difference? Whereas previous research has examined the mediating effect of relational concern, we predicted that empathic concern, which refers to feeling sympathy and concern for people in need and varies by individuals from different cultures, would promote support seeking. We tested the prediction in two studies. In Study 1, European Canadians reported higher empathic concern and a higher frequency of support seeking, compared to the Japanese participants. As predicted, cultural differences in social support seeking were influenced by empathic concern. In Study 2, both empathic concern and relational concern mediated cultural differences in support seeking. Japanese with lower empathic concern but higher relational concern were more reluctant than European Americans to seek social support during stressful times. Finally, loneliness, which was more prevalent among the Japanese than among the European Americans, was partially explained by social support seeking.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0262001

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  5. A Genetic Variation in the Y Chromosome Among Modern Japanese Males Related to Several Physiological and Psychological Characteristics Reviewed International coauthorship

    Masahiro Matsunaga, Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Takahiko Masuda, Yasuki Noguchi, Hidenori Yamasue, Keiko Ishii

    Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience   Vol. 15   page: 774879   2021.12

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    Authorship:Last author   Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Frontiers Media SA  

    Previous studies in population genetics have proposed that the Y-chromosomal (Y-DNA) haplogroup D ancestor likely originated from Africa. The haplogroup D branch next started Out-of-Africa migration, rapidly expanded across Eurasia, and later diversified in East Asia. Y-DNA haplogroup D-M55, one of the branches of haplogroup D, is only found in modern Japanese males, suggesting that individuals with Y-DNA haplogroup D migrated from the Eurasian continent. Based on previous observations, Y-DNA haplogroup D is expected to be associated with some male characteristics including personality. Therefore, this study investigated whether the Y-DNA haplogroup D-M55 is associated with several physiological and psychological characteristics, including exploratory motivation and human relationship-related perception. We recruited Japanese young adult males and females and investigated the association between Y-DNA haplogroup D-M55, physiological [body mass index (BMI)], and several psychological parameters [perceived number of close friends, behavioral inhibition system/behavioral activation system (BIS/BAS), perceived happiness, and perceived loneliness]. The results indicated that males with haplogroup D-M55 had a higher BMI and more close friends, compared with non-carrier males. Additional multiple regression analyses, which tested the hypothesis that haplogroup D-M55 predicts BMI and perceived number of close friends, confirmed our hypothesis, even after controlling for the potentially confounding variables of age and sex. We also analyzed the gene–gene interaction between haplogroup D-M55 and an autosomal gene polymorphism associated with BMI and human relationships, such as the dopamine D2 receptor gene (<italic>DRD2</italic>: rs1800497). Results showed gene–gene interactions between haplogroups D-M55 and <italic>DRD2</italic> in BMI. Based on these findings, it is demonstrated that Y-DNA haplogroup D is associated with human personality.

    DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2021.774879

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  6. Serotonin receptor gene (HTR2A) polymorphism modulates the social sharing of happiness in both American and Japanese adults. Reviewed International coauthorship

    Matsunaga, M., Ohtsubo, Y., Masuda, T., Noguchi, Y., Yamasue, H., & Ishii, K.

    Japanese Psychological Research     2021.10

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    Authorship:Last author   Language:English  

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jpr.12389

  7. Test of the Serotonin Transporter Gene × Early Life Stress Interaction Effect on Subjective Well‐Being and Loneliness Among Japanese Young Adults Reviewed International coauthorship

    Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Masahiro Matsunaga, Takahiko Masuda, Yasuki Noguchi, Hidenori Yamasue, Keiko Ishii

    Japanese Psychological Research     2021.8

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    Authorship:Last author   Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1111/jpr.12376

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    Other Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1111/jpr.12376

  8. A REEXAMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF CULTURE AND DOPAMINE D4 RECEPTOR GENE INTERACTION ON SOCIAL ORIENTATION Invited Reviewed International coauthorship

    ISHII Keiko, MASUDA Takahiko, MATSUNAGA Masahiro, NOGUCHI Yasuki, YAMASUE Hidenori, OHTSUBO Yohsuke

    PSYCHOLOGIA   Vol. advpub ( 0 )   2021.7

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Psychologia Society  

    <p>The dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) is associated with novelty-seeking and risk-taking behaviors that have had an adaptive value in the history of human migration. It also plays a role in moderating the extent to which people adhere to cultural norms and practices. The aim of this study was to replicate previous findings about how DRD4 polymorphism interacts with cultural differences in social orientation, which revealed Westerners’ emphasis on independence and East Asians’ emphasis on interdependence. Testing Japanese and European Canadian undergraduates (n = 784), we succeeded in replicating these previous findings: the Canadian students were more independent, whereas the Japanese students were more interdependent. However, none of the interaction effects between culture and DRD4 were significant. Implications for candidate gene research investigating gene–environment and gene–culture interactions are discussed.</p>

    DOI: 10.2117/psysoc.2021-b014

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  9. Do culture and oxytocin receptor polymorphisms interact to influence emotional expressivity? Reviewed International coauthorship

    Keiko Ishii, Takahiko Masuda, Masahiro Matsunaga, Yasuki Noguchi, Hidenori Yamasue, Yohsuke Ohtsubo

    Culture and Brain   Vol. 9   page: 20 - 34   2021.6

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    DOI: 10.1007/s40167-020-00091-5

    Other Link: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40167-020-00091-5/fulltext.html

  10. Neural responses to facial and vocal displays of emotion in Japanese people Reviewed

    Yuichi Mori, Yasuki Noguchi, Akihiro Tanaka, Keiko Ishii

    Culture and Brain     2021.5

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    Authorship:Last author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    DOI: 10.1007/s40167-021-00101-0

    Other Link: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40167-021-00101-0/fulltext.html

  11. なぜ人(ヒト)は協力し助け合うのか、そして文化比較研究の意義とは―新谷論文へのコメント― Invited

    石井敬子

    心理学評論   Vol. 63   page: 346 - 353   2021.3

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

  12. The effect of speaker-specific auditory images on reading in Japanese Reviewed International journal

    Yuichi Mori, Keiko Ishii

    Current Psychology   Vol. 39 ( 6 ) page: 2343 - 2350   2020.12

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Auditory images for speech are preserved and can be accessed during reading. This research, conducted in Japan, examined whether and to what extent previous findings on the influence of speaker-specific auditory images in reading can be generalized to non-English speakers in a different cultural context. In two studies, Japanese participants were asked to read a text aloud after being informed that the text had been written by either a fast speaker or a slow speaker whose speech they were to listen to. The participants read the episode more slowly when it was attributed to a slow speaker than when it was attributed to a fast speaker. Individual differences in one's mimicry of the speaker moderated the influence of speaker-specific auditory images in reading. The influence was confirmed only for those who consciously mimicked the speaker. In contrast, situational cues manipulated to generate affiliation with and closeness to the speakers did not influence the participants' reading times.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12144-018-9946-z

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    Other Link: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12144-018-9946-z/fulltext.html

  13. Oxytocin Receptor Gene (OXTR) and Childhood Adversity Influence Trust. Reviewed International coauthorship International journal

    Shaofeng Zheng, Takahiko Masuda, Masahiro Matsunaga, Yasuki Noguchi, Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Hidenori Yamasue, Keiko Ishii

    Psychoneuroendocrinology   Vol. 121   page: 104840 - 104840   2020.11

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    Early-life environments have been associated with various social behaviors, including trust, in late adolescence and adulthood. Given that the oxytocin receptor gene polymorphism (OXTR rs53576) moderates the impact of childhood experience on social behaviors, in the present study, we examined the main effect of childhood adversity through a self-report measure and its interactions with OXTR rs53576 on general trust among 203 Japanese and 200 European Canadian undergraduate students. After controlling for the effect of culture, the results indicated that childhood adversity had a negative association with general trust, and that OXTR rs53576 moderated the impact of childhood adversity on general trust. Specifically, the negative association between childhood adversity and general trust is only significant among homozygote A-allele carriers. These findings demonstrated that OXTR rs53576 moderated the relations between childhood experiences and social functioning in early adulthood.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2020.104840

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  14. Residential Mobility Fosters Sensitivity to the Disappearance of Happiness Reviewed International coauthorship International journal

    Keiko Ishii, Asuka Komiya, Shigehiro Oishi

    International Journal of Psychology   Vol. 55 ( 4 ) page: 577 - 584   2020.8

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    Authorship:Lead author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley  

    We conducted two studies to examine the hypothesis that residential mobility would evoke anxiety and foster sensitivity to signs of disapproval, such as the disappearance of happiness. American and Japanese participants were asked to watch happy-to-neutral movies and sad-to-neutral movies and judge the point at which they thought that their initial expressions had disappeared. We found that, regardless of cultures, participants who had experienced frequent moving (Study 1) and those asked to imagine and describe a mobile lifestyle of frequent moving (Study 2) judged the disappearance of happy faces faster than those who did not experience or imagine frequent moving. Our results were also in line with the previous finding in which Japanese were more vigilant than Americans in regards to the disappearance of happy faces. Moreover, we found that imagining a mobile lifestyle made participants feel more concerned than when imagining a stable lifestyle. The implications for the social skills needed for people in the globalising world are discussed.

    DOI: 10.1002/ijop.12627

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    Other Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1002/ijop.12627

  15. My Voice Capturing My Attention to Myself: The Effects of Objective Self-Awareness on Japanese People Reviewed International journal

    Asuka Narita, Keiko Ishii

    Frontiers in Psychology   Vol. 11   page: 1596   2020.7

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    Authorship:Last author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Frontiers Media SA  

    DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01596

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  16. Happiness, Meaning, and Psychological Richness Reviewed International coauthorship International journal

    Shigehiro Oishi, Hyewon Choi, Minkyung Koo, Iolanda Galinha, Keiko Ishii, Asuka Komiya, Maike Luhmann, Christie Scollon, Ji-eun Shin, Hwaryung Lee, Eunkook M. Suh, Joar Vittersø, Samantha J. Heintzelman, Kostadin Kushlev, Erin C. Westgate, Nicholas Buttrick, Jane Tucker, Charles R. Ebersole, Jordan Axt, Elizabeth Gilbert, Brandon W. Ng, Jaime Kurtz, Lorraine L. Besser

    Affective Science   Vol. 1 ( 2 ) page: 107 - 115   2020.6

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    DOI: 10.1007/s42761-020-00011-z

    Other Link: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42761-020-00011-z/fulltext.html

  17. When people avoid a product chosen by others: The effects of the need for uniqueness and the presence of others

    Ishii Keiko

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY   Vol. 59 ( 2 ) page: 114 - 118   2020

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:The Japanese Group Dynamics Association  

    <p>Previous research has demonstrated that when people have to choose a product for which they do not have a preference and can observe their partners’ choices in advance, they are more likely to imitate their partners’ choices when choosing privately, whereas they are likely to choose differently when they are with their partners. The present study extends this evidence by testing Japanese participants and examining individual differences in the need for uniqueness. Despite the Japanese cultural norm of interdependence, which is positively associated with conformity, less than half of the participants imitated their partners’ choices, whether they chose privately or publicly. Moreover, people with a high need for uniqueness tended to choose a different option when choosing in front of their partners. Implications for the consequences of social influence are discussed.</p>

    DOI: 10.2130/jjesp.1909

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  18. Is collectivistic forgiveness different from individualistic forgiveness? Dispositional correlates of trait forgivingness in Canada and Japan Reviewed International coauthorship

    Ohtsubo Y, Masuda T, Matsunaga M, Noguchi Y, Yamasue H, Ishii K

    Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science   Vol. 51 ( 4 ) page: 290-295   2019.10

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    DOI: 10.1037/cbs0000148

  19. Cultural variation in reactions to a group member's vicarious choice and the role of rejection avoidance Reviewed International coauthorship

    Eisen C, Ishii, K

    Frontiers in Psychology   Vol. 10   page: 1311   2019.6

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    DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01311

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  20. Cultural influences in somatosensory amplification and their association with negative affectivity Reviewed

    Keiko Ishii

    Asian Journal of Social Psychology   Vol. 22 ( 1 ) page: 106-112   2019.3

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1111/ajsp.12342

  21. Culture and cannabinoid receptor gene polymorphism interact to influence the perception of happiness. Reviewed International coauthorship

    Matsunaga M, Masuda T, Ishii K, Ohtsubo Y, Noguchi Y, Ochi M, Yamasue H

    PloS one   Vol. 13 ( 12 ) page: e0209552   2018.12

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209552

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  22. Cultural Similarities and Differences in Social Discounting: The Mediating Role of Harmony-Seeking. Reviewed

    Ishii K, Eisen C

    Frontiers in psychology   Vol. 9   page: 1426   2018.8

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01426

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  23. Culture and Decision Making: Influence of Analytic Versus Holistic Thinking Style on Resource Allocation in a Fort Game Reviewed International coauthorship

    Liman Man Wai Li, Takahiko Masuda, Takeshi Hamamura, Keiko Ishii

    Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Vol. 49   page: 1066 - 1080   2018.6

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    © 2018, The Author(s) 2018. People have to make different decisions every day, in which culture affects their strategies. This research examined the role of analytic versus holistic thinking style on resource allocation across cultures. We expected that, analytic thinking style, which refers to a linear view about the world where objects' properties remain stable and separate, would make people concentrate their resource allocation corresponding to the current demand, whereas holistic thinking style, which refers to a nonlinear view that people perceive change to be a constant phenomenon and the universe to be full of interconnected elements, would encourage people to spread out their resource allocation. In Study 1, Hong Kong Chinese, a representative group of holistic cultures, and European Canadians, a representative group of analytic cultures, completed a resource allocation task (i.e., fort game). The results showed that the allocation pattern of European Canadians was more concentrated than that of Hong Kong Chinese and holistic thoughts predicted a less concentrated allocation pattern. To test causality, thinking styles were manipulated in Study 2, in which mainland Chinese were primed with either holistic thinking style or analytic thinking style. The results showed that the allocation pattern was more concentrated in the analytic condition than that in the holistic condition, which was explained by greater perceived predictability in the analytic condition. Implications of these findings on cross-cultural decision-making research and applied research were discussed.

    DOI: 10.1177/0022022118778337

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  24. A polymorphism of serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT<inf>2A</inf>R) influences delay discounting Reviewed

    Keiko Ishii, Masahiro Matsunaga, Yasuki Noguchi, Hidenori Yamasue, Misaki Ochi, Yohsuke Ohtsubo

    Personality and Individual Differences   Vol. 121   page: 193 - 199   2018.1

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. The present study investigated the association between a polymorphism of the serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT 2A R) gene and the form of impulsive choice known as delay discounting. Using a hypothetical situation, we asked Japanese participants to choose between receiving (or paying) a different amount of money immediately or with a specified delay (one week, two weeks, one month, six months, one year, five years, or 25years), and estimated the parameters of intertemporal choice models (exponential, hyperbolic, hyperbolic with exponent, and quasi-hyperbolic). Regardless of the genotypes, the hyperbolic with exponent model, which always indicated minimum AICc (Akaike Information Criterion with small sample correction), fitted better the observed data than the other models. Future gains were discounted more steeply than future losses. Moreover, as expected, individuals with the AA genotype of the 5-HT 2A R A-1438G polymorphism discounted the future more steeply than did individuals with the GG genotype, although this effect was limited to only gains. The findings implied individual differences based on the A-1438G polymorphism in the modulation of serotonin in the reward valuation underlying delay discounting.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.03.011

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  25. Cultural Differences in Motivation for Seeking Social Support and the Emotional Consequences of Receiving Support: The Role of Influence and Adjustment Goals

    Keiko Ishii, Taraneh Mojaverian, Kanami Masuno, Heejung S. Kim

    Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Vol. 48   page: 1442-1456   2017.10

  26. One label or two? Linguistic influences on the similarity judgment of objects between English and Japanese speakers

    Takahiko Masuda, Keiko Ishii, Koji Miwa, Marghalara Rashid, Hajin Lee, Rania Mahdi

    Frontiers in Psychology   Vol. 8   2017.9

  27. Independence and Number of Choices Moderate the Choice Effect in Implicit Object Preferences (特集 若手研究者の認知科学)

    Eisen Charis, 石井 敬子, 井上 大樹

    認知科学   Vol. 24 ( 3 ) page: 270-283   2017.9

  28. The Effects of Social Status and Culture on Delay Discounting

    Keiko Ishii, Charis Eisen, Hidefumi Hitokoto

    Japanese Psychological Research     2017.1

  29. Neural and Genetic Correlates of the Social Sharing of Happiness.

    Matsunaga M, Kawamichi H, Umemura T, Hori R, Shibata E, Kobayashi F, Suzuki K, Ishii K, Ohtsubo Y, Noguchi Y, Ochi M, Yamasue H, Ohira H

    Frontiers in neuroscience   Vol. 11   page: 718   2017

  30. Association between salivary serotonin and the social sharing of happiness.

    Matsunaga M, Ishii K, Ohtsubo Y, Noguchi Y, Ochi M, Yamasue H

    PloS one   Vol. 12 ( 7 ) page: e0180391   2017

  31. Does a Major Earthquake Change Job Preferences and Human Values?

    Oishi Shigehiro, Yagi Ayano, Komiya Asuka, Kohlbacher Florian, Kusumi Takashi, Ishii Keiko

    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY   Vol. 31 ( 3 ) page: 258-265   2017

  32. Cultural differences in processing a person as a whole: Evidence from emotion recognition. Reviewed International coauthorship

    Bjornsdottir, R. T., Tskhay, K. O., Ishii, K., & Rule, N. O.

    Culture and Brain   Vol. 5   page: 105 - 124   2017

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

  33. Context sensitivity in Canadian and Japanese children’s judgments of emotion. Reviewed International coauthorship

    Ishii, K., Rule, N. O., & Toriyama, R.

    Current Psychology   Vol. 36   page: 577 - 584   2017

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

  34. Cross-cultural comparisons of delay discounting of gain and loss.

    Ishii K, Gang L, Takahashi T

    Neuro endocrinology letters   Vol. 37 ( 6 ) page: 427-432   2016.11

  35. Parasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations.

    Tybur JM, Inbar Y, Aarøe L, Barclay P, Barlow FK, de Barra M, Becker DV, Borovoi L, Choi I, Choi JA, Consedine NS, Conway A, Conway JR, Conway P, Adoric VC, Demirci DE, Fernández AM, Ferreira DC, Ishii K, Jakšić I, Ji T, van Leeuwen F, Lewis DM, Li NP, McIntyre JC, Mukherjee S, Park JH, Pawlowski B, Petersen MB, Pizarro D, Prodromitis G, Prokop P, Rantala MJ, Reynolds LM, Sandin B, Sevi B, De Smet D, Srinivasan N, Tewari S, Wilson C, Yong JC, Žeželj I

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     2016.10

  36. When Does the Culturally Dominant Mode of Attention Appear or Disappear? Comparing Patterns of Eye Movement During the Visual Flicker Task Between European Canadians and Japanese

    Takahiko Masuda, Keiko Ishii, Junko Kimura

    Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Vol. 47   page: 997-1014   2016.8

  37. Cultural Variability in the Link Between Environmental Concern and Support for Environmental Action.

    Eom K, Kim HS, Sherman DK, Ishii K

    Psychological science     2016.8

  38. Measuring and Understanding Emotions in East Asia

    Keiko Ishii, Charis Eisen

    Emotion Measurement     page: 629-644   2016.4

  39. Context Sensitivity in Canadian and Japanese Children’s Judgments of Emotion

    Keiko Ishii, Nicholas O. Rule, Rie Toriyama

    Current Psychology     page: 1-8   2016.4

  40. Japanese Youth Marginalization Decreases Interdependent Orientation

    Keiko Ishii, Yukiko Uchida

    Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Vol. 47   page: 376-384   2016.4

  41. To Accept One's Fate or Be Its Master: Culture, Control, and Workplace Choice.

    Eisen C, Ishii K, Miyamoto Y, Ma X, Hitokoto H

    Frontiers in psychology   Vol. 7   page: 936   2016

  42. Psychological adaptation to the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake of 1995: 16 years later victims still report lower levels of subjective well-being

    Shigehiro Oishi, Reo Kimura, Haruo Hayashi, Shigeo Tatsuki, Keiko Tamura, Keiko Ishii, Jane Tucker

    Journal of Research in Personality   Vol. 55   page: 84-90   2015.4

  43. Voluntary settlement and the ethos of independence : An effect of choice enhancing motivation in Hokkaido

    Tsuda Suguru, Ishii Keiko

      ( 15 ) page: 17-23   2015.3

  44. Subjective socioeconomic status and cigarette smoking interact to delay discounting.

    Ishii K

    SpringerPlus   Vol. 4   page: 560   2015

  45. When is perception top-down and when is it not? Culture, narrative, and attention.

    Senzaki S, Masuda T, Ishii K

    Cognitive science   Vol. 38   page: 1493-1506   2014.9

  46. Physical objects as vehicles of cultural transmission: maintaining harmony and uniqueness through colored geometric patterns.

    Ishii K, Miyamoto Y, Rule NO, Toriyama R

    Personality & social psychology bulletin   Vol. 40   page: 175-188   2014.2

  47. Voluntary settlement and its consequences on predictors of happiness: the influence of initial cultural context.

    Ishii K, Kitayama S, Uchida Y

    Frontiers in psychology   Vol. 5   page: 1311   2014

  48. Examining cultural drifts in artworks through history and development: cultural comparisons between Japanese and western landscape paintings and drawings.

    Nand K, Masuda T, Senzaki S, Ishii K

    Frontiers in psychology   Vol. 5   page: 1041   2014

  49. The return of sociality to the study of self: Comments on Endo's article

    Ishii Keiko

    JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW   Vol. 57 ( 3 ) page: 400-404   2014

  50. Culture and the mode of thought: A review

    Keiko Ishii

    Asian Journal of Social Psychology   Vol. 16   page: 123-132   2013.6

  51. Individual Differences in Reproductive Strategy are Related to Views about Recreational Drug Use in Belgium, The Netherlands, and Japan.

    Quintelier KJ, Ishii K, Weeden J, Kurzban R, Braeckman J

    Human nature (Hawthorne, N.Y.)     2013.5

  52. Cultural Variation in the Focus on Goals Versus Processes of Actions.

    Miyamoto Y, Knoepfler CA, Ishii K, Ji LJ

    Personality & social psychology bulletin     2013.3

  53. HIGH SELF-ESTEEM INCREASES SPONTANEOUS ATTENTION TO POSITIVE INFORMATION: AN EVENT-RELATED BRAIN POTENTIAL STUDY

    ISHII Keiko,SUGIMOTO Fumie,KATAYAMA Jun’ichi

    Psychologia   Vol. 55 ( 4 ) page: 269-279   2012

  54. Do surrounding figures' emotions affect judgment of the target figure's emotion? Comparing the eye-movement patterns of European Canadians, Asian Canadians, Asian international students, and Japanese.

    Masuda T, Wang H, Ishii K, Ito K

    Frontiers in integrative neuroscience   Vol. 6   page: 72   2012

  55. Gene&ndash;culture interaction: Recent findings and the implications

    Ishii Keiko

    JAPANESE JOURNAL OF RESEARCH ON EMOTIONS   Vol. 20 ( 1 ) page: 19-23   2012

  56. Cross-cultural impressions of leaders' faces: Consensus and predictive validity

    Nicholas O. Rule, Keiko Ishii, Nalini Ambady

    International Journal of Intercultural Relations   Vol. 35   page: 833-841   2011.11

  57. Misery loves company: when sadness increases the desire for social connectedness.

    Gray HM, Ishii K, Ambady N

    Personality & social psychology bulletin   Vol. 37   page: 1438-1448   2011.11

  58. Found in translation: cross-cultural consensus in the accurate categorization of male sexual orientation.

    Rule NO, Ishii K, Ambady N, Rosen KS, Hallett KC

    Personality & social psychology bulletin   Vol. 37   page: 1499-1507   2011.11

  59. Mere exposure to faces increases attention to vocal affect: a cross-cultural investigation (特集 多感覚コミュニケーション)

    Ishii Keiko

    認知科学 = Cognitive studies : bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society   Vol. 18 ( 3 ) page: 453-461   2011.9

  60. When your smile fades away: Cultural differences in sensitivity to the disappearance of smiles

    Keiko Ishii, Yuri Miyamoto, Kotomi Mayama, Paula M. Niedenthal

    Social Psychological and Personality Science   Vol. 2   page: 516-522   2011.8

  61. Outgroup homogeneity effect in perception: An exploration with Ebbinghaus illusion

    ISHII Keiko, KITAYAMA Shinobu

    Asian J Soc Psychol   Vol. 14 ( 2 ) page: 159-163   2011.6

  62. Changes in background impair fluency-triggered positive affect: a cross-cultural test using a mere-exposure paradigm.

    Ishii K

    Perceptual and motor skills   Vol. 112 ( 2 ) page: 393-400   2011.4

  63. Interdependence modulates the brain response to word-voice incongruity.

    Ishii K, Kobayashi Y, Kitayama S

    Social cognitive and affective neuroscience   Vol. 5   page: 307-317   2010.6

  64. Residential mobility and conditionality of group identification

    Shigehiro Oishi, Keiko Ishii, Janetta Lun

    Journal of Experimental Social Psychology   Vol. 45   page: 913-919   2009.7

  65. Minimal social cues in the dictator game

    Mary Rigdon, Keiko Ishii, Motoki Watabe, Shinobu Kitayama

    Journal of Economic Psychology   Vol. 30   page: 358-367   2009.6

  66. Culture and visual perception: Does perceptual inference depend on culture?

    ISHII Keiko, TSUKASAKI Takafumi, KITAYAMA Shinobu

    Jpn Psychol Res   Vol. 51 ( 2 ) page: 103-109   2009.5

  67. 文化と表情変化の知覚--集団カテゴリーによる効果は見られるのか?

    間山 ことみ, 石井 敬子, 宮本 百合

    北海道心理学研究   ( 32 ) page: 1-8   2009

  68. Public goods games in Japan: Cultural and individual differences in reciprocity

    Keiko Ishii, Robert Kurzban

    Human Nature   Vol. 19   page: 138-156   2008.6

  69. Holistic attention to context in Japan : A test with non-student adults

    ISHII Keiko, KITAYAMA Shinobu

    社会心理学研究   Vol. 23 ( 2 ) page: 181-186   2007.11

  70. Do differences in general trust explain cultural differences in dispositionism?

    ISHII Keiko

    Jpn Psychol Res   Vol. 49 ( 4 ) page: 282-287   2007.11

  71. Voluntary settlement and the spirit of independence: evidence from Japan's "Northern frontier".

    Kitayama S, Ishii K, Imada T, Takemura K, Ramaswamy J

    Journal of personality and social psychology   Vol. 91   page: 369-384   2006.9

  72. Does mere exposure enhance positive evaluation, independent of stimulus recognition? A replication study in Japan and the USA

    ISHII Keiko

    Jpn Psychol Res   Vol. 47 ( 4 ) page: 280-285   2005.11

  73. コミュニケーション様式と情報処理様式の対応関係 : 文化的視点による実証研究のレビュー

    石井敬子, 北山忍

    社会心理学研究   Vol. 19 ( 3 ) page: 241-254   2004.3

  74. 認知における言語・文化相対性--Sapir-Whorf仮説再考

    塚崎 崇史, 石井 敬子

    心理学評論   Vol. 47 ( 2 ) page: 173-186   2004

  75. Spontaneous attention to word content versus emotional tone: differences among three cultures.

    Ishii K, Reyes JA, Kitayama S

    Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS   Vol. 14   page: 39-46   2003.1

  76. Processing of Emotional Utterances : Is Vocal Tone Really More Significant than Verbal Content in Japanese?

    ISHII Keiko, KITAYAMA Shinobu

    Cognitive Studies   Vol. 9 ( 1 ) page: 67-76   2002.3

  77. Word and voice: Spontaneous attention to emotional utterances in two languages

    Shinobu Kitayama, Keiko Ishii

    Cognition and Emotion   Vol. 16   page: 29-59   2002.2

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Books 9

  1. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology Reviewed International journal

    Ishii, K., & Eisen, C.( Role: Contributor ,  Socioeconomic status and cultural difference.)

    Oxford University Press  2020.8 

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    Language:English Book type:Dictionary, encyclopedia

    DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190236557.013.584

  2. 公認心理師の基礎と実践 第11巻 社会・集団・家族心理学

    竹村和久, 他( Role: Contributor)

    遠見書房  2018.11 

  3. Venture into Cross-Cultural Psychology: Proceedings from the 23rd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology

    M. Karasawa, M. Yuki, K. Ishii, Y. Uchida, K. Sato, & W. Friedlmeier( Role: Joint editor)

    Grand Valley State University  2018.6 

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    Language:English Book type:Report

  4. Venture into Cross-Cultural Psychology: Proceedings from the 23rd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology

    Eisen, C., Ishii, K., & Hitokoto, H.( Role: Contributor ,  Socioeconomic status, reactions to choice deprivation in group contexts, and the role of perceived restrictions on personal freedom)

    Grand Valley State University  2018.6 

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    Language:Japanese Book type:Report

  5. 社会心理学概論

    北村英哉, 内田由紀子, 他( Role: Contributor ,  コミュニケーションの章(石井敬子・菅さやか))

    ナカニシヤ出版  2016.9 

  6. 心のしくみを考える : 認知心理学研究の深化と広がり

    北神 慎司, 林 創, 杉森 絵里子, 榊 美知子, 村山 航, 清河 幸子, 平山 るみ, 米田 英嗣, 菅 さやか, 平石 界, 石井 敬子, 上野 泰治( Role: Joint author)

    ナカニシヤ出版  2015  ( ISBN:9784779509537

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    Language:Japanese

  7. 文化を実験する : 社会行動の文化・制度的基盤

    山岸 俊男, 西條 辰義, 増田 貴彦, 石井 敬子, 内田 由紀子, 竹村 幸祐, 結城 雅樹, 橋本 博文( Role: Joint author)

    勁草書房  2014  ( ISBN:9784326349173

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    Language:Japanese

  8. つながれない社会 : グループ・ダイナミックスの3つの眼

    日比野 愛子, 渡部 幹, 石井 敬子( Role: Joint author)

    ナカニシヤ出版  2014  ( ISBN:9784779508110

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    Language:Japanese

    CiNii Books

  9. 名誉と暴力 : アメリカ南部の文化と心理

    Nisbett Richard E., Cohen Dov, 石井 敬子, 結城 雅樹( Role: Joint author)

    北大路書房  2009  ( ISBN:9784762826733

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    Language:Japanese

    CiNii Books

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Presentations 13

  1. ため込みとアニミズム:日米比較研究 International coauthorship

    石井敬子・大石繁宏

    日本社会心理学会第62回大会  2021.8.26 

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    Event date: 2021.8

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

  2. Blood donation beliefs and messages: The case of Japan International conference

    Tam, P., & Ishii, K.

    Health Preconference, The 22nd Annual meeting of Society for Personality and Social Psychology   2021.2.10 

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    Event date: 2021.2

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

  3. Cultural differences in social support seeking: The mediating role of empathic concern International coauthorship International conference

    Zheng, S., Masuda, T., Matsunaga, M., Noguchi, Y., Ohtsubo, Y., Yamasue, H., & Ishii, K.

    Cultural Psychology Preconference, The 22nd Annual meeting of Society for Personality and Social Psychology  2021.2.9 

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    Event date: 2021.2

    Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

  4. 食の志向性と時間割引における衝動性

    石井敬子

    日本社会心理学会第61回大会  2020.11.8 

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    Event date: 2020.11

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

  5. Genes and childhood adversity influence delay discounting International conference

    Ishii, K.

    The 21st Annual meeting of Society for Personality and Social Psychology 

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    Event date: 2020.2

    Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

    Country:United States  

  6. 非言語的な手段による文化的価値の産出

    石井敬子, 大石繁宏

    日本社会心理学会第60回大会 

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    Event date: 2019.11

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Country:Japan  

  7. 独立・協調と社会経済的地位の相互作用: 日独比較研究

    辻啓人, 石井敬子

    日本社会心理学会第60回大会 

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    Event date: 2019.11

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

    Country:Japan  

  8. 遺伝子と社会・文化環境要因との相互作用:社会心理学・神経科学・内分泌学の連携による検討

    石井敬子

    日本心理学会第83回大会・公募シンポジウム 

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    Event date: 2019.9

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Symposium, workshop panel (public)  

    Country:Japan  

  9. Residential mobility fosters sensitivity to the disappearance of happiness International conference

    Ishii K

    The 13th biennial conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology 

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    Event date: 2019.7

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Country:Taiwan, Province of China  

  10. Culture and oxytocin receptor polymorphisms interact to influence emotional expressivity International conference

    Ishii K

    Culture and Emotion Preconference of the 2019 SAS Annual Conference 

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    Event date: 2019.3

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Country:United States  

  11. Cultural influences in somatosensory amplification and their association with negative affectivity International conference

    Ishii, K.

    The 20th Annual meeting of Society for Personality and Social Psychology 

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    Event date: 2019.2

    Language:English   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

    Country:United States  

  12. Cultural similarities and differences in social discounting: The mediating role of harmony-seeking

    Ishii, K., Eisen, C.

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    Event date: 2018.9

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Country:Japan  

  13. 客体的自覚はズル行動を抑制するか?鏡と声が日本人に与える効果の比較

    成田明日香, 石井敬子

    日本社会心理学会第59回大会 

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    Event date: 2018.8

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Poster presentation  

    Country:Japan  

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Research Project for Joint Research, Competitive Funding, etc. 1

  1. 新型コロナウイルス接触追跡アプリの促進および阻害要因についての比較文化的研究 International coauthorship

    2020.8 - 2020.9

    新型コロナウイルス感染拡大に関連した実践活動及び研究 

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    Authorship:Principal investigator  Grant type:Other

KAKENHI (Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research) 12

  1. An international collaboration project to reveal psychological mechanisms underlying the alienation of minority groups and to develop policies promoting multi-cultural tolerance

    Grant number:19KK0063  2019.10 - 2024.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Fund for the Promotion of Joint International Research (Fostering Joint International Research (B))  Fund for the Promotion of Joint International Research (Fostering Joint International Research (B))

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s)  Grant type:Competitive

    Grant amount:\2000000 ( Direct Cost: \2000000 )

  2. Genetic diversity and physical changes associated with human dispersal and the development of complex societies

    Grant number:19H05737  2019.6 - 2024.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (Research in a proposed research area)  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (Research in a proposed research area)

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s) 

    Grant amount:\5967000 ( Direct Cost: \4590000 、 Indirect Cost:\1377000 )

  3. Cognitive, motivational, and cultural bases of Japanese work ethic

    Grant number:19K21812  2019.6 - 2022.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Challenging Research (Exploratory)  Challenging Research (Exploratory)

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s)  Grant type:Competitive

    Grant amount:\600000 ( Direct Cost: \600000 )

  4. The emergence, transmission, and sharing of prejudiced communication that aggravates social divides

    Grant number:18H01078  2018.4 - 2022.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s)  Grant type:Competitive

    Grant amount:\1200000 ( Direct Cost: \1200000 )

  5. 文化的価値の伝達:個人の選好および文化化による影響

    2016 - 2018

    科学研究費補助金 

  6. 社会心理学・神経科学・内分泌学の連携による文化差の遺伝的基盤の解明

    2014.10 - 2021.3

    日本学術振興会  課題設定による先導的人文学・社会科学研究推進事業 領域開拓プログラム 

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

  7. 文化的価値の伝達:個人の選好および文化化による影響

    2014 - 2016

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(C)

  8. 意思決定の言語・文化的影響:時間割引に関する検討

    2014 - 2015

    科学研究費補助金  新学術領域研究

  9. 文化的価値の維持と個人の選好

    2011 - 2013

    科学研究費補助金  若手研究(B)

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    文化心理学において、意味体系や信念、価値は、当該の文化におけるさまざまな慣習の実践や文化的産物への接触を通じ、認知、思考、感情、動機づけなどのさまざまな心の性質へと反映されると考えられている。しかしそれらがどのように維持、継承されているのかについての理論的考察は進んでいない。本研究の目的は、この未解明な部分を補うべく、1)文化的な価値観の維持に個人がどのように関わっているか、2)当該の文化的な価値の維持に関連する個人の選好は発達の段階でどう形成されるのか、3)さらにはそのような選好に対する脳内基盤は存在するのかを探索していくことにある。本研究では、文化的産物として塗り絵に注目する。本年度は、日本および北米(アメリカ・カナダ)の大学生および5~6歳の未就学児を対象として塗り絵を収集した。そしてそれらを別の日本・カナダの大学生に呈示してそれらに対する選好を尋ねた。さらに文化的価値に関連した次元(独創性、調和)を用いて、その塗り絵を評定させた。もしもそれぞれの文化で産出された塗り絵にその文化で優勢な価値が内包されているのであれば、北米産の塗り絵は独創的かつ逸脱していると判断されやすく、一方、日本の塗り絵は調和がとれかつ凡庸だと判断されやすいだろう。加えて、カナダ人は北米産の塗り絵を選好しやすいのに対し、日本人は日本産の塗り絵を選好しやすいだろう。本年度行った実験の結果は、その予測に...

  10. 心の性質の文化依存性:事象関連脳電位によるアプローチ

    2009 - 2010

    科学研究費補助金  若手研究(B)

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    これまでの文化心理学の研究は、内省指標や行動指標を用い、心の性質の文化依存性を示唆してきた。一方、本研究では、ERP(事象関連脳電位)を指標として用い、脳内基盤への文化による影響を検討する。本年度は、P300(300ms程度の潜時で発生する陽性電位のことであり、刺激出現に対する注意の程度を反映)を用いた自己概念に関する実験を日本で行った。まずこの実験にあたって、Anderson(1968)による555語の性格特性語のリストを用い、その語の意味の肯定・否定の調査を日本人参加者に対して行った。そしてその結果に基づき、アメリカ人参加者を対象としたAnderson(1968)の評定値と今回の日本での評定値の間に差がないよう、肯定的な意味の単語を50個、否定的な意味の単語を50個選定した。その上で、oddball paradigmを用い、12名の日本人参加者に対し、中性的な意味の単語(本研究では植物名)を高頻度に、肯定的もしくは否定的な意味の単語を低頻度にランダムに呈示し、出てきた単語が肯定的であれば左ボタンを、否定的であれば右ボタンを押すよう教示した。そして参加者は最後に、ローゼンバーグの自尊心尺度や日常の感情経験に関する質問紙に回答した。結果は、低頻度に呈示される肯定的・否定的な単語に対してのほうが、高頻度に呈示される植物名の単語よりもP300は大きかった。さらに、自尊心尺度の評定...

  11. 文化とフロンティア精神:相互独立的エートスの起源に関する実験研究

    2007 - 2008

    科学研究費補助金  若手研究(B)

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    これまでの一連の研究は、独立的自己観の起源が「経済的に動機づけられた自発的移住」という歴史的事実にあるという仮説に一致し、協調的自己観が優勢な日本文化にあっても、そのような歴史的事実が認められる北海道においては、北米と同様に、独立的自己観が見いだされることを示している。ただし、その独立性の特徴は、アメリカと北海道においては異なることも指摘されている。具体的には、北海道においては、アメリカ同様、個人の独立性を重んじる社会規範があり、この点において日本の本州とは異なる。しかしアメリカ人とは異なり、北海道人は独立性を内発的には希求しない、むしろ、他者との協調性を希求しているという点において本州の日本人と同様であることが示唆されている。本年度は、社会規範が関与していると考えられる選択課題を北海道、京都、アメリカで実施するための研究打ち合わせを行い、マテリアルを作成した。それに加えて本年度は、北海道大学およびミシガン大学の学生128名に対し質問紙調査を行い、独立性の社会規範を測定するための尺度を開発した。特にこの尺度では、独立性をなす要素のうち、自分自身および他者の行為にどの程度影響を与えたいかに注目した。そして、その程度に対する自分自身の信念と人一般が持っていると考えられる信念を測定した。その結果、自分自身が影響を与えたいかの程度は、アメリカ人のほうが北海道人よりも高かったが、しかし...

  12. 信頼社会形成のための心理・社会的基盤の研究

    2002 - 2005

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(A)

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    実験室に設定された「実験社会」を用いて、関係の固定化による「安心」の提供が不可能な状況を作り出し、関係の固定化を媒介しない形での自発的な社会秩序の形成を可能とする原理を明らかにすることをめざした。そしてこの最終目的を達成するために、一連の実験研究を通して、まず第1に、機会主義的関係の信頼関係への変換に際してリスクテイキングが不可欠の役割を果たすこと、そして更に、この変換のために必要とされる社会関係的および社会制度的な条件を明らかにすることを明らかにした。具体的には、以下の諸点を明らかにした。◆信頼関係の形成に際してはリスクテイキングが重要な役割を果たす。◆信頼関係形成においては、信頼行動と協力行動とを切り離し、信頼に伴うリスクを最小限に抑えつつ協力行動をとる戦略が極めて有効である。◆情報非対称性が生み出すエージェンシー問題の解決に際して評判が果たす役割は、社会ないし市場の開放性・閉鎖性に応じて異なってくる。閉鎖的社会ではネガティブ評判が、開放的社会ではポジティブ評判が有効である。◆相互協力を達成するための集団内での非協力者に対する罰行動と、他集団の成員に対する罰行動は、異なる心理メカニズムに基づいている。◆1回限りの囚人のジレンマにおける協力行動の説明原理としての効用変換モデルの限界を克服するためには、ヒューリスティック・モデルが有効である。◆内集団成員に対する協力行動は、集...

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Social Contribution 9

  1. TEDxNagoyaUへの登壇

    Role(s):Appearance

    TEDxNagoyaU  TEDxNagoyaU  2021.7

  2. 出張講義

    Role(s):Lecturer

    兵庫県立長田高校  2021.6

  3. 出張講義

    Role(s):Lecturer

    兵庫県立長田高校  2020.8

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    Audience: High school students

    Type:Visiting lecture

    兵庫県立長田高校の人文数理探求類型クラス(1年生、40名)向けに「心の社会・文化依存性」という題目で講義を行った。

  4. 名古屋大学公開講座

    Role(s):Lecturer

    名古屋大学  2019.10

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    Audience: High school students, General

    Type:Lecture

    「心の文化依存性:文化間差異と文化内変動」というタイトルで話題提供を行った。

  5. 名古屋大学情報学部・情報学研究科公開セミナー「優しい情報学」

    Role(s):Lecturer

    2019.9

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    Audience: High school students, General

    Type:Lecture

    「ものの見方・感じ方の文化差」というタイトルで話題提供を行った。

  6. 出張講義

    Role(s):Lecturer

    兵庫県立長田高校  2019.6

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    Audience: High school students

    Type:Visiting lecture

    兵庫県立長田高校の人文数理探求類型クラス(1年生、40名)向けに「心の社会・文化依存性」という題目で講義を行った。

  7. 出張講義

    Role(s):Lecturer

    岐阜県立多治見北高校  2018.11

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    Audience: High school students

    Type:Visiting lecture

    岐阜県立多治見北高校2年生(計71名)の生徒向けに「心の社会・文化依存性」という題目で講義を行った。

  8. 日本心理学会公開シンポジウム・高校生のための心理学講座シリーズ

    Role(s):Lecturer

    2018.8

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    Audience: High school students, Guardians

    Type:Lecture

    日本心理学会公開シンポジウム・高校生のための心理学講座シリーズ(心理学と社会:こころの不思議を解き明かす)において、社会心理学研究の一端を紹介した。

  9. 出張講義

    Role(s):Lecturer

    兵庫県立長田高校  2018.5

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    Audience: High school students

    Type:Visiting lecture

    兵庫県立長田高校の人文数理探求類型クラス(1年生、40名)向けに「心の社会・文化依存性」という題目で講義を行った。

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