2022/05/09 更新

写真a

イイジマ ハルヒサ
飯島 陽久
IIJIMA Haruhisa
所属
宇宙地球環境研究所 基盤研究部門 総合解析研究部 特任助教
職名
特任助教

学位 1

  1. 博士(理学) ( 2016年3月   東京大学 ) 

研究分野 1

  1. 自然科学一般 / 天文学  / 太陽物理学

経歴 3

  1. 中京大学   国際教養学部   非常勤講師

    2019年4月 - 現在

  2. 名古屋大学   宇宙地球環境研究所 附属統合データサイエンスセンター   特任助教

    2019年4月 - 現在

  3. 名古屋大学   宇宙地球環境研究所 基盤研究部門 総合解析研究部   研究員

    2016年4月 - 2019年3月

 

論文 15

  1. A New Broadening Technique of the Numerically Unresolved Solar Transition Region and Its Effect on the Spectroscopic Synthesis Using Coronal Approximation 査読有り

    Iijima Haruhisa, Imada Shinsuke

    ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL   917 巻 ( 2 )   2021年8月

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Astrophysical Journal  

    The transition region is a thin layer of the solar atmosphere that controls the energy loss from the solar corona. Large numbers of grid points are required to resolve this thin transition region fully in numerical modeling. In this study, we propose a new numerical treatment, called LTRAC, which can be easily extended to the multidimensional domains. We have tested the proposed method using a one-dimensional hydrodynamic model of a coronal loop in an active region. The LTRAC method enables modeling of the transition region with a numerical grid size of 50-100 km, which is about 1000 times larger than the physically required value. We used the velocity differential emission measure to evaluate the possible effects on the optically thin emission. Lower-temperature emissions were better reproduced by the LTRAC method than by previous methods. Doppler shift and nonthermal width of the synthesized line emission agree with those from a high-resolution reference simulation within an error of several kilometers per second above the formation temperature of 105 K.

    DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac07a5

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  2. Fast Magnetic Wave Could Heat the Solar Low-beta Chromosphere 査読有り

    Wang Yikang, Yokoyama Takaaki, Iijima Haruhisa

    ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS   916 巻 ( 2 )   2021年8月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Astrophysical Journal Letters  

    Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves are candidates for heating the solar chromosphere, although it is still unclear which mode of the wave is dominant in heating. We perform two-dimensional radiative MHD simulation to investigate the propagation of MHD waves in the quiet region of the solar chromosphere. We identify the mode of the shock waves by using the relationship between gas pressure and magnetic pressure across the shock front and calculate their corresponding heating rate through the entropy jump to obtain a quantitative understanding of the wave-heating process in the chromosphere. Our result shows that the fast magnetic wave is significant in heating the low-beta chromosphere. The low-beta fast magnetic waves are generated from high-beta fast acoustic waves via mode conversion crossing the equipartition layer. Efficient mode conversion is achieved by large attacking angles between the propagation direction of the shock waves and the chromospheric magnetic field.

    DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac10c7

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  3. Energy-consistent finite difference schemes for compressible hydrodynamics and magnetohydrodynamics using nonlinear filtering 査読有り

    Iijima Haruhisa

    JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS   435 巻   頁: 110232 - 110232   2021年6月

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Computational Physics  

    In this paper, an energy-consistent finite difference formulation for the compressible hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations is introduced. For the compressible magnetohydrodynamics, an energy-consistent finite difference formulation is derived using the product rule for the spatial difference. The conservation properties of the internal, kinetic, and magnetic energy equations can be satisfied in the discrete level without explicitly solving the total energy equation. The shock waves and discontinuities in the numerical solution are stabilized by nonlinear filtering schemes. An energy-consistent discretization of the filtering schemes is also derived by introducing the viscous and resistive heating rates. The resulting energy-consistent formulation can be implemented with the various kinds of central difference, nonlinear filtering, and time integration schemes. The second- and fifth-order schemes are implemented based on the proposed formulation. The conservation properties and the robustness of the present schemes are demonstrated via one- and two-dimensional numerical tests. The proposed schemes successfully handle the most stringent problems in extremely high Mach number and low beta conditions.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2021.110232

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  4. Solar cycle-related variation in solar differential rotation and meridional flow in solar cycle 24 査読有り

    Imada Shinsuke, Matoba Kengo, Fujiyama Masashi, Iijima Haruhisa

    EARTH PLANETS AND SPACE   72 巻 ( 1 )   2020年12月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Earth, Planets and Space  

    We studied temporal variation of the differential rotation and poleward meridional circulation during solar cycle 24 using the magnetic element feature tracking technique. We used line-of-sight magnetograms obtained using the helioseismic and magnetic imager aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory from May 01, 2010 to March 26, 2020 (for almost the entire period of solar cycle 24, Carrington rotation from 2096 to 2229) and tracked the magnetic element features every 1 h. We also estimated the differential rotation and poleward meridional flow velocity profiles. The observed profiles are consistent with those of previous studies on different cycles. Typical properties resulting from torsional oscillations can also be observed from solar cycle 24. The amplitude of the variation was approximately ±10 m s- 1. Interestingly, we found that the average meridional flow observed in solar cycle 24 is faster than that observed in solar cycle 23. In particular, during the declining phase of the cycle, the meridional flow of the middle latitude is accelerated from 10 to 17 m s- 1, which is almost half of the meridional flow itself. The faster meridional flow in solar cycle 24 might be the result of the weakest cycle during the last 100 years.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

    DOI: 10.1186/s40623-020-01314-y

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  5. On rising magnetic flux tube and formation of sunspots in a deep domain 査読有り

    Hotta H., Iijima H.

    MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY   494 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 2523 - 2537   2020年5月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society  

    We investigate the rising flux tube and the formation of sunspots in an unprecedentedly deep computational domain that covers the whole convection zone with a radiative magnetohydrodynamics simulation. Previous calculations had shallow computational boxes (<30 Mm) and convection zones at a depth of 200 Mm. By using our new numerical code Radition and RSST for Deep Dynamics (R2D2), we succeed in covering the whole convection zone and reproduce the formation of the sunspot from a simple horizontal flux tube because of the turbulent thermal convection. The main findings are as follows. (1) The rising speed of the flux tube is larger than the upward convection velocity because of the low density caused by the magnetic pressure and the suppression of the mixing. (2) The rising speed of the flux tube exceeds 250 ms-1 at a depth of 18Mm, while we do not see any clear evidence of the divergent flow 3 h before the emergence at the solar surface. (3) Initially, the root of the flux tube is filled with the downflows, and then the upflow fills the centre of the flux tube during the formation of the sunspot. (4) The essential mechanisms for the formation of the sunspot are the coherent inflow and the turbulent transport. (5) The low-temperature region is extended to a depth of at least 40 Mm in the matured sunspot, with the high-temperature region in the centre of the flux tube. Some of the findings indicate the importance of the deep computational domain for the flux emergence simulations.

    DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa844

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  6. Effect of Morphological Asymmetry between Leading and Following Sunspots on the Prediction of Solar Cycle Activity 査読有り

    Iijima H., Hotta H., Imada S.

    ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL   883 巻 ( 1 )   2019年9月

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Astrophysical Journal  

    The morphological asymmetry of leading and following sunspots is a well-known characteristic of the solar surface. In the context of the large-scale evolution of the surface magnetic field, the asymmetry has been assumed to have only a negligible effect. Using the surface flux transport (SFT) model, we show that the morphological asymmetry of leading and following sunspots has a significant impact on the evolution of the large-scale magnetic field on the solar surface. By evaluating the effect of the morphological asymmetry of each bipolar magnetic region (BMR), we observe that the introduction of asymmetry to the BMR model significantly reduces the contribution to the polar magnetic field, especially for large and high-latitude BMRs. Strongly asymmetric BMRs can even reverse regular polar field formation. The SFT simulations based on the observed sunspot record show that the introduction of morphological asymmetry reduces the root-mean-square difference from the observed axial dipole strength by 30%-40%. These results indicate that the morphological asymmetry of leading and following sunspots has a significant effect on the solar cycle prediction.

    DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab3b04

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  7. Vortex Formations and Its Associated Surges in a Sunspot Light Bridge 査読有り

    Yang Heesu, Lim Eun-Kyung, Iijima Haruhisa, Yurchyshyn Vasyl, Cho Kyung-Suk, Lee Jeongwoo, Schmieder Brigitte, Kim Yeon-Han, Kim Sujin, Bong Su-Chan

    ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL   882 巻 ( 2 )   2019年9月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Astrophysical Journal  

    We report on the successive occurrence of 0.″5 wide photospheric vortices with strong transverse shear flows at the edge of a sunspot light bridge (LB), and the subsequent ejection of chromospheric surges observed using a Visible Inteferometry Spectrograph, a broadband TiO filter, and a Near InfRared Imaging Spectrograph of the Goode Solar Telescope operating at Big Bear Solar Observatory. The H surges ejected at the location of the vortices often appeared in a hollow cylindrical structure. We also observed quasi-periodic vortex-associated bright H plasma blobs moving upward with a speed of up to 4 km s-1. In view of the strong shear flow at the edge of the LB, it is likely that the vortices form under the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. The surges may result from either the magnetic tension generated after magnetic reconnection or an acoustic impulse of a fast photospheric transverse flow. Otherwise, the surges could also be associated with Alfvénic waves, in which case their origin could be torsional magnetic fields generated in the process of the vortex formation.

    DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab36b7

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  8. Chromospheric polarimetry through multiline observations of the 850nm spectral region III: Chromospheric jets driven by twisted magnetic fields 査読有り

    Noda C. Quintero, Iijima H., Katsukawa Y., Shimizu T., Carlsson M., Rodriguez J. de la Cruz, Ruiz Cobo B., Orozco Suarez D., Oba T., Anan T., Kubo M., Kawabata Y., Ichimoto K., Suematsu Y.

    MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY   486 巻 ( 3 ) 頁: 4203 - 4215   2019年7月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society  

    We investigate the diagnostic potential of the spectral lines at 850 nm for understanding the magnetism of the lower atmosphere. For that purpose, we use a newly developed 3D simulation of a chromospheric jet to check the sensitivity of the spectral lines to this phenomenon as well as our ability to infer the atmospheric information through spectropolarimetric inversions of noisy synthetic data. We start comparing the benefits of inverting the entire spectrum at 850 nm versus only the Ca ii 8542 Å spectral line. We found a better match of the input atmosphere for the former case, mainly at lower heights. However, the results at higher layers were not accurate. After several tests, we determined that we need to weight more the chromospheric lines than the photospheric ones in the computation of the goodness of the fit. The new inversion configuration allows us to obtain better fits and consequently more accurate physical parameters. Therefore, to extract the most from multiline inversions, a proper set of weights needs to be estimated. Besides that, we conclude again that the lines at 850 nm, or a similar arrangement with Ca ii 8542 Å plus Zeeman-sensitive photospheric lines, pose the best-observing configuration for examining the thermal and magnetic properties of the lower solar atmosphere.

    DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1124

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  9. Semiconservative reduced speed of sound technique for low Mach number flows with large density variations 査読有り

    Iijima H., Hotta H., Imada S.

    ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS   622 巻   2019年2月

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Astronomy and Astrophysics  

    Context. The reduced speed of sound technique (RSST) has been used for efficient simulation of low Mach number flows in solar and stellar convection zones. The basic RSST equations are hyperbolic and are suitable for parallel computation by domain decomposition. The application of RSST is limited to cases in which density perturbations are much smaller than the background density. In addition, nonconservative variables are required to be evolved using this method, which is not suitable in cases where discontinuities such as shock waves coexist in a single numerical domain. Aims. In this study, we suggest a new semiconservative formulation of the RSST that can be applied to low Mach number flows with large density variations. Methods. We derive the wave speed of the original and newly suggested methods to clarify that these methods can reduce the speed of sound without affecting the entropy wave. The equations are implemented using the finite volume method. Several numerical tests are carried out to verify the suggested methods. Results. The analysis and numerical results show that the original RSST is not applicable when mass density variations are large. In contrast, the newly suggested methods are found to be efficient in such cases. We also suggest variants of the RSST that conserve momentum in the machine precision. The newly suggested variants are formulated as semiconservative equations, which reduce to the conservative form of the Euler equations when the speed of sound is not reduced. This property is advantageous when both high and low Mach number regions are included in the numerical domain. Conclusions. The newly suggested forms of RSST can be applied to a wider range of low Mach number flows.

    DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834031

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  10. Weak influence of near-surface layer on solar deep convection zone revealed by comprehensive simulation from base to surface 査読有り

    Hotta H., Iijima H., Kusano K.

    SCIENCE ADVANCES   5 巻 ( 1 )   2019年1月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Science Advances  

    The solar convection zone is filled with turbulent convection in highly stratified plasma. Several theoretical and observational studies suggest that the numerical calculations overestimate the convection velocity. Since all deep convection zone calculations exclude the solar surface due to substantial temporal and spatial scale separations, the solar surface, which drives the thermal convection with efficient radiative cooling, has been thought to be the key to solve this discrepancy. Thanks to the recent development in massive supercomputers, we are successful in performing the comprehensive calculation covering the whole solar convection zone. We compare the results with and without the solar surface in the local domain and without the surface in the full sphere. The calculations do not include the rotation and the magnetic field. The surface region has an unexpectedly weak influence on the deep convection zone. We find that just including the solar surface cannot solve the problem.

    DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau2307

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  11. ALMA Observations of the Solar Chromosphere on the Polar Limb 査読有り

    Yokoyama Takaaki, Shimojo Masumi, Okamoto Takenori J., Iijima Haruhisa

    ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL   863 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 96 - 96   2018年8月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Astrophysical Journal  

    We report the results of the Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) observations of the solar chromosphere on the southern polar limb. Coordinated observations with the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) are also conducted. ALMA provided unprecedented high spatial resolution in the millimeter band (≈2.″0) at 100 GHz frequency with a moderate cadence (20 s). The results are as follows. (1) The ALMA 100 GHz images show saw-tooth patterns on the limb, and a comparison with Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly 171 Å images shows a good correspondence of the limbs with each other. (2) The ALMA animation shows a dynamic thorn-like structure elongating from the saw-tooth patterns on the limb, with lengths reaching at least 8″, thus suggesting jet-like activity in the ALMA microwave range. These ALMA jets are in good correspondence with the IRIS jet clusters. (3) A blob-ejection event is observed. By comparing with the IRIS Mg ii slit-jaw images, the trajectory of the blob is located along the spicular patterns.

    DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aad27e

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  12. Sunspot drawings by Japanese official astronomers in 1749-1750 査読有り

    Hayakawa Hisashi, Iwahashi Kiyomi, Fujiyama Masashi, Kawai Toshiki, Toriumi Shin, Hotta Hideyuki, Iijima Haruhisa, Imada Shinsuke, Tamazawa Harufumi, Shibata Kazunari

    PUBLICATIONS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN   70 巻 ( 4 )   2018年8月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan  

    Sunspot observations with telescopes in the 18th century were carried out in Japan as well as elsewhere. One of these sunspot observations is recorded in an account called Sansaizusetsu narabini Kansei irai Jissoku Zusetsu (Charts of Three Worlds and Diagrams of Actual Observations since Kansei Era). We have analyzed manuscripts of this account to show a total of 15 sunspot drawings during 1749-1750. These observations are considered to be carried out by contemporary official astronomers in Japan, with telescopes covered by zongurasus (< zonglas in Dutch, corresponding to “sunglass” in English). We counted their group number of sunspots to locate them in long-term solar activity and show that their observations were situated near the solar maximum in 1750. We also computed their locations and areas, while we have to admit differences of the variant manuscripts with one another. These observational records show the spread of sunspot observations not only in Europe, but also in Japan, and hence may contribute to crosscheck, or possibly to improve the known sunspot indices.

    DOI: 10.1093/pasj/psy066

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  13. 太陽大気中波動の観測と理論 (非線形波動現象の数理とその応用)

    横山 央明, 飯島 陽久

    数理解析研究所講究録   ( 2076 ) 頁: 149 - 157   2018年7月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:京都大学数理解析研究所  

  14. Improvement of solar-cycle prediction: Plateau of solar axial dipole moment 査読有り

    Iijima H., Hotta H., Imada S., Kusano K., Shiota D.

    ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS   607 巻   2017年11月

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Astronomy and Astrophysics  

    Aims. We report the small temporal variation of the axial dipole moment near the solar minimum and its application to the solar-cycle prediction by the surface flux transport (SFT) model. Methods. We measure the axial dipole moment using the photospheric synoptic magnetogram observed by the Wilcox Solar Observatory (WSO), the ESA/NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI), and the NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI). We also use the SFT model for the interpretation and prediction of the observed axial dipole moment. Results. We find that the observed axial dipole moment becomes approximately constant during the period of several years before each cycle minimum, which we call the axial dipole moment plateau. The cross-equatorial magnetic flux transport is found to be small during the period, although a significant number of sunspots are still emerging. The results indicate that the newly emerged magnetic flux does not contribute to the build up of the axial dipole moment near the end of each cycle. This is confirmed by showing that the time variation of the observed axial dipole moment agrees well with that predicted by the SFT model without introducing new emergence of magnetic flux. These results allow us to predict the axial dipole moment at the Cycle 24/25 minimum using the SFT model without introducing new flux emergence. The predicted axial dipole moment at the Cycle 24/25 minimum is 60-80 percent of Cycle 23/24 minimum, which suggests the amplitude of Cycle 25 is even weaker than the current Cycle 24. Conclusions. The plateau of the solar axial dipole moment is an important feature for the longer-term prediction of the solar cycle based on the SFT model.

    DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731813

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  15. A Three-dimensional Magnetohydrodynamic Simulation of the Formation of Solar Chromospheric Jets with Twisted Magnetic Field Lines 査読有り

    Iijima H., Yokoyama T.

    ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL   848 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 38 - 38   2017年10月

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Astrophysical Journal  

    This paper presents a three-dimensional simulation of chromospheric jets with twisted magnetic field lines. Detailed treatments of the photospheric radiative transfer and the equations of state allow us to model realistic thermal convection near the solar surface, which excites various MHD waves and produces chromospheric jets in the simulation. A tall chromospheric jet with a maximum height of 10-11 Mm and lifetime of 8-10 minutes is formed above a strong magnetic field concentration. The magnetic field lines are strongly entangled in the chromosphere, which helps the chromospheric jet to be driven by the Lorentz force. The jet exhibits oscillatory motion as a natural consequence of its generation mechanism. We also find that the produced chromospheric jet forms a cluster with a diameter of several Mm with finer strands. These results imply a close relationship between the simulated jet and solar spicules.

    DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa8ad1

    Web of Science

    Scopus

▼全件表示

科研費 2

  1. 恒星コロナ進化の理論的研究

    研究課題/研究課題番号:21H01124  2021年4月 - 2024年3月

    科学研究費助成事業  基盤研究(B)

    横山 央明, 堀田 英之, 金子 岳史, 草野 完也, 飯島 陽久

      詳細を見る

    担当区分:研究分担者 

    この10年程で小質量星に関する観測的理解が進展し、まだ理論的には説明することのできない年齢・自転周期・X線活動度の関係が明らかになってきた。本課題では、太陽質量以下の小質量恒星の、スペクトル型・年齢に対応した特徴量が与えられたとき、その磁気コロナ(磁場形成・X線紫外線放射・爆発現象)が、いかなる進化をたどり、背景にある物理が何なのか、を数値シミュレーションにより理論的に明らかにする。

  2. 太陽ダイナモの平均場モデルにおける乱流輸送係数の直接評価

    研究課題/研究課題番号:19K14756  2019年4月 - 2023年3月

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業 若手研究  若手研究

    飯島 陽久

      詳細を見る

    担当区分:研究代表者 

    配分額:4030000円 ( 直接経費:3100000円 、 間接経費:930000円 )

    太陽・恒星におけるダイナモ機構に関して、熱対流に伴う乱流を平均化した平均場モデルに基づき、これまで数多くの研究が行われてきた。しかし、平均場モデルで最も重要な乱流輸送パラメータは定量化されず、観測と合うように調整されていた。
    本研究では、太陽ダイナモ過程の平均場モデルにおける乱流輸送パラメータを、太陽表面構造の正確なモデル化が可能な輻射磁気流体計算を用いて直接的に評価する。
    本研究により、太陽ダイナモの平均場モデル研究をより定量的なものへとシフトさせ、太陽型星以外の恒星を含めた太陽・恒星ダイナモの統一的理解への貢献すると期待される。
    太陽・恒星におけるダイナモ機構に関して、熱対流に伴う乱流を平均化した平均場モデルに基づき、これまで数多くの研究が行われてきた。しかし、平均場モデルで最も重要な乱流輸送パラメータは定量化されず、観測と合うように調整されていた。本研究では、太陽ダイナモ過程の平均場モデルにおける乱流輸送パラメータを、太陽表面構造の正確なモデル化が可能な輻射磁気流体計算を用いて直接的に評価する。これにより、太陽ダイナモの平均場モデル研究をより定量的なものへとシフトさせ、太陽型星以外の恒星を含めた太陽・恒星ダイナモの統一的理解への貢献したい。
    平成31年度は、輻射磁気流体計算を利用して鉛直軸に対する回転対称性がある設定で、乱流輸送係数を評価を実施した。太陽対流層上部から光球・彩層までを抜き取った局所的な計算ボックスを取り、フィードバックを無視出来る弱い水平磁場に対する熱対流の鉛直輸送効果を定量化した。初期結果であるが、乱流輸送係数の大きさが水平磁場の鉛直波数に依存しており、特に波長の長い磁場に対して対流層内部への閉じ込め効果が高いことが分かった。一方で、熱対流の圧縮性のために上向きの輸送が強く働いており、これが下向きの乱流輸送効果を打ち消していることも明らかになった。
    また、当該年度は平均場近似による表面磁場のモデリングと観測との比較からのアプローチも実施した。平均場近似による大規模表面磁場のモデリングと観測結果との整合性から比較的弱い可能性が示唆されていた鉛直方向の乱流輸送係数であるが、我々の研究によって先行・後行黒点の非対称性という乱流と関連しない物理で観測結果との整合性を高めることが可能であることが示された。これにより、乱流輸送係数に対する観測的な制約はより弱まったと考えられる。
    平成31年度に予定していた乱流輸送係数の直接評価を実施出来たことに加え、太陽表面磁場の平均場的な輸送モデルを利用した乱流輸送係数の観測的制限に関わる査読論文を出版することが出来たため。
    平成31年度に実施した乱流輸送係数の直接評価をブラッシュアップし、その物理解釈に関して議論を深めたのち、査読論文としてまとめる予定である。