2021/09/13 更新

写真a

コウサカ リョウ
香坂 玲
KOHSAKA Ryo
所属
大学院環境学研究科 社会環境学専攻 環境政策論 教授
大学院環境学研究科
職名
教授

学位 4

  1. 博士 (自然科学) Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (独) ( 2004年6月 ) 

  2. 修士(農学) ( 2000年3月   東京大学 ) 

  3. 修士(環境開発学)University of East Anglia (UK) ( 1999年12月 ) 

  4. 学士(農学) ( 1998年3月   東京大学 ) 

研究分野 1

  1. ライフサイエンス / 森林科学  / 国際環境・自然資源マネジメント・森林政策学・林政学

現在の研究課題とSDGs 4

  1. 農林業の知財 地理的表示の保護制度

  2. 土地利用

  3. ブルーカーボン

  4. 生態系サービス/NCP

委員歴 17

  1. 公益財団法人地球環境戦略研究機関シニアフェロー  

    2021年7月 - 現在   

  2. 岡崎市環境審議会委員  

    2020年 - 現在   

  3. あいち生物多様性戦略推進委員会委員  

    2019年 - 現在   

  4. 委員 環境省 次期生物多様性国家戦略研究会 環境省  

    2019年 - 2021年   

  5. 「国内における温室効果ガス排出削減・吸収量認証制度の実施委託費(J-クレジット制度推進のための地域支援事業 東北経済産業局)」に係る委託事業者選定審査会委員  

    2019年 - 2021年   

  6. クリーンエネルギーみやぎ創造チャレンジ事業補助金 評価委員  

    2019年 - 2020年   

  7. コンビーナー Convener ISO技術委員会TC266 WG4  Biomimeticsバイオミメティクス国際標準化推進委員会  

    2018年 - 現在   

  8. 北海道 東北地域経済総合研究所 地域経営研究会委員  

    2018年 - 2020年   

  9. GI白山清酒管理機構 審査委員  

    2016年 - 現在   

  10. 共同議長 日中韓森林の伝統的知識ネットワーク Co-chair Asian Center for Traditional Forest Knowledge (Korea, China, Japan+ ASEAN)  

    2015年 - 現在   

  11. 石川県 中山間地域等総合対策審査会委員  

    2015年 - 現在   

  12. 副代表  国際森林研究機関連合(略称 IUFRO) サブテーマ 6.10   

    2014年 - 現在   

  13. なごや環境大学実行委員会 参与  

    2014年 - 現在   

  14. あいち地域循環圏形成プラン推進会議専門委員  

    2009年6月 - 現在   

      詳細を見る

    団体区分:自治体

  15. 自然保護委員 公益財団法人世界自然保護基金ジャパン  

    2009年 - 現在   

  16. 委員 生物多様性日本アワード(国際・国内賞)委員 公益財団法人イオン環境財団  

    2009年 - 現在   

  17. 愛知環境賞 専門部会 選考委員  

    2009年 - 現在   

▼全件表示

 

論文 84

  1. Sustainable aquaculture to ensure coexistence: Perceptions of aquaculture farmers in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Lukman K.M., Uchiyama Y., Kohsaka R.

    Ocean and Coastal Management   213 巻   2021年11月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:Ocean and Coastal Management  

    Aquaculture has been reported as a global major driver for deforestation and land-use related changes in mangroves, which form one of the main components of blue carbon ecosystems. Indonesia, which houses rich and extensive mangrove forests, should consider mangrove conservation as an urgent task; however, the increasing economic pressures from aquaculture and tourism are resulting in deforestation. East Kalimantan is one of the frontier regions that is facing this balancing activity of protecting the ecosystem while maintaining the economy. Indonesia has adopted an economic policy of becoming a major producer of aquaculture products in the world, and this objective could become a threat to blue carbon ecosystems including the country's mangroves. Various ecological pressures have been caused by land-use change activities, tourism, and urbanization, as well as unsustainable aquaculture practices; specifically, brackish water aquaculture, which is often practiced for a few years before being abandoned. While regulations and guidelines regarding sustainable aquaculture practices have been established on a de jure basis, their effective implementation still encounters certain obstacles because of various environmental and social limitations. To address these de facto challenges, it is essential to increase local communities' awareness regarding mangrove status and relevant aquaculture policies, because these are critical for identifying the underlying challenges of sustainable aquaculture practices. This study conducted an empirical survey to identify and gather basic data on local residents' awareness and perceptions regarding mangrove conservation-related policies and activities necessary for sustainable aquaculture. Consequently, we identified some key relevant actions by farmers and highlighted certain elements of aquaculture policies to ensure the environmental sustainability of the mangrove ecosystem. Furthermore, residents' participation in mangrove conservation could influence their awareness regarding mangrove ecosystems. Tourism-related activities can enable the tourism sector's partial integration into mangrove ecosystem conservation activities. While doing so, aquaculture farmers' local contexts, characteristics, and criteria should be reflected to implement relevant policies effectively.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2021.105839

    Scopus

  2. Cultural ecosystem services from the afforestation of rice terraces and farmland: Emerging services as an alternative to monoculturalization

    Kohsaka R., Ito K., Miyake Y., Uchiyama Y.

    Forest Ecology and Management   497 巻   2021年10月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:Forest Ecology and Management  

    Conventionally, forests and rice terraces are regarded as separate elements, and their interactions are largely overlooked. Afforestation of rice terraces has been regarded as a “failure” and is almost a taboo among households and policy-makers. We analyze the ecological interactions of afforestation for charcoal making and mushroom (shiitake, Lentinula edodes) production in former rice terraces and other types of farmland in the socio-ecological production/interacted landscape called satoyama, which is characterized by a mosaic distribution of land use. The study counters the argument that the preservation of farmland is the only way to sustain landscapes, biodiversity, and cultural ecosystem services; it contributes to the understanding of the impact of afforestation on the production of traditional non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and the practices of cultural forests. To understand the impact of afforestation, this study focuses on afforestation in the traditional cyclical use of cultural forests (known as satoyama) in Noto and Kunisaki, which are culturally important sites listed among the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems. This study analyzed quantitative data, which included land use data from aerial photos, ecological data from afforestation sites in Noto, and a survey of shiitake producers in Kunisaki. Despite the conversion of farmland, afforestation in satoyama can take place without diminishing the supply of cultural ecosystem services, facilitating the sustainable development of communities. Afforestation can maintain agricultural output by increasing the production of NTFPs. Afforested areas become educational sites where ecosystem services and the role of forests in satoyama landscapes can be studied. Traditional knowledge of ecosystem service provision and landscape management in forests and NTFP can be shared among tourists and participants in forest restoration. Tourists can explore surrounding cultural sites as the afforestation of cultural forests leads to the development of connections with historical walking paths. Furthermore, afforestation can generate more biodiversity benefits than the abandonment of longtime farmland; for example, the number of plant species increased in former orchards in Noto. Thus, the impact of farmland afforestation in satoyama includes revitalization and the development of new cultural ecosystem services. Afforestation supports a higher level of biodiversity compared to the abandonment of farmland and rice paddies. This study counters the argument for the afforestation of rice paddies and open forests in satoyama and rediscovers the historical exchangeability between forests and farmland as part of traditional knowledge embedded in the cyclical use of cultural forests over a few decades (8–15 years for charcoal, 10–20 for shiitake (Lentinula edodes) production). Managed afforestation of farmland and the integration of traditional forest practice can be a reasonable option for land use management in response to extensive farmland abandonment and continuous rural decline.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119481

    Scopus

  3. Community perceptions of long-term mangrove cover changes and its drivers from a typhoon-prone province in the Philippines

    Quevedo Jay Mar D., Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    AMBIO     2021年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:Ambio  

    Mangrove forests are among the most productive ecosystems with important services such as food and livelihood provisions, recreations, and regulations (e.g., coastal protection) in local scales. At global scale, they are gaining salience for their carbon sequestration capacities, currently conceptualized as “blue carbon.” However, their essential benefits are reduced or lost when degraded. There is, therefore, a need to explore long-term mangrove cover change (MCC) and its underpinning drivers to develop sustainable management strategies. MCC has been analyzed extensively, including satellite images and field surveys, with drivers of changes frequently embedded in local contexts. Thus, in this study, MCC and the causal factors are evaluated at the local scale by gathering community perceptions in Eastern Samar, a typhoon-prone province in the Philippines, with a timeframe since the 1970s until the present. Results show that mangrove cover loss was observed following the occurrence of Typhoon Agnes in 1984 and Typhoon Haiyan in 2013 while conversion of mangrove areas to residential spaces was identified as a recurring driver of mangrove depletion from the early 1970s to 1990s. Study participants perceived that natural threats and lack of law enforcement were the leading proximate and underlying drivers of degradation, respectively. Respondents perceived that mangrove cover is increasing mainly due to successive reforestation programs coupled with stricter implementation of local ordinances in the sites. The results indicate the increased role of mangrove forests in disaster risk reduction and climate change mitigation strategies, while the perceptions of drivers change in long terms.

    DOI: 10.1007/s13280-021-01608-9

    Web of Science

    Scopus

    PubMed

  4. Land Use Changes Assessment using a triangulated framework: Perception Interviews, Land-Use/Land Cover Observation, and Spatial Planning Analysis in Tanjung Batu and Derawan Island, Indonesia

    Lukman Kevin Muhamad, Uchiyama Yuta, Quevedo Jay Mar D., Harding Diana, Kohsaka Ryo

    HUMAN ECOLOGY     2021年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:Human Ecology  

    Understanding land-use change is imperative in the management of Indonesian coastal ecosystems with numerous environmental impacts generated from land-use conversion. To assess these impacts in holistic perspective, we use three sources of data, land cover change, policy maps, and interviews, to triangulate the main issues. Combining these sources, we analyze land-use changes in the past based on perception interviews and secondary data from the government spatial plan policy map and observable land-cover. In Tanjung Batu and Derawan Island we found that local populations were more aware of the changes related to infrastructure development, but that there are discrepancies between assigned and actual land-use, illustrating the value of a triangulated framework.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10745-021-00253-w

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  5. Strategies of Destination Management Organizations in Urban and Rural Areas: Using Text Analysis Method for SWOT Descriptions at Meta-level

    Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HOSPITALITY & TOURISM ADMINISTRATION     2021年7月

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    記述言語:日本語  

    DOI: 10.1080/15256480.2021.1953422

    Web of Science

  6. Are Municipalities Ready for Integrating Blue Carbon Concepts?: Content Analysis of Coastal Management Plans in the Philippines

    Quevedo Jay Mar D., Uchiyama Yuta, Lukman Kevin Muhamad, Kohsaka Ryo

    COASTAL MANAGEMENT   49 巻 ( 4 ) 頁: 334 - 355   2021年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:Coastal Management  

    The blue carbon ecosystems are gaining salience in the international arena due to their intrinsic role in climate change mitigation. Reviews on management strategies and plans at the local level are largely overlooked, although they are crucial factors in translating commitments to contextualized actions for sustainable management. The primary goal of this study is to investigate the present coastal management plans for blue carbon ecosystem management strategies using content analysis of the local plans of select municipalities in the Philippines. The analysis generated eight (8) clusters based on keywords focusing on mangrove and seagrass ecosystems, namely: ecological profile, ecosystem services, carbon sequestration, tourism, natural threats, anthropogenic threats, laws, policies, & ordinances, and management activities. The management activities cluster has the most coverage while the carbon sequestration cluster is the least mentioned. There is also a distinct gap in the inclusion of mangroves compared to seagrasses in the coastal management plans where these ecosystems are present in the localities concerned. Mangrove ecosystems are frequently mentioned, covering all clusters while seagrass ecosystems are discussed to less extent in only five (5) clusters. This study also showed that the “blue carbon” concept is not yet fully incorporated in the current management plans where carbon sequestration cluster is only discussed under mangrove ecosystems in one of the sites while no discussions for seagrasses’ “blue carbon” functions. The results of this study can serve as a benchmark for local policy-makers in updating their present management plans particularly in branching their focus on integrated management of seagrass ecosystems and advancing technical capacity and knowledge on blue carbon ecosystems.

    DOI: 10.1080/08920753.2021.1928455

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  7. A blue carbon ecosystems qualitative assessment applying the DPSIR framework: Local perspective of global benefits and contributions 査読有り

    Quevedo Jay Mar D., Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    MARINE POLICY   128 巻   頁: 104462 - 104462   2021年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Marine Policy  

    Mangroves, seagrasses, and salt marshes or collectively known as blue carbon ecosystems are gaining salience because of their essential roles in reducing the risks and impacts of climate change through carbon sequestration and other beneficial services. Despite this, they are globally declining because of their vulnerability to natural and anthropogenic disturbances. Similar trends are also observed in Busuanga Island, Palawan province in the Philippines, where blue carbon ecosystems along with other coastal environments are perceived to be threatened by a number of factors. To better understand the state changes of blue carbon ecosystems, we collected the drivers and pressures and their impact on the whole coastal ecosystem as well as existing management responses by interviewing 26 stakeholders representing community organizations, non-government organizations, and municipal level government units from two municipalities (Busuanga and Coron) in the island. We used the Drivers-Pressures-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework to analyze the information gathered from the interviews. The results of this study show that lack of institutional capacities (indirect driver) is the leading factor that hinders the progress or efficacy of the management. Most pronounced pressures caused by direct drivers to blue carbon ecosystems include overexploitation and coastal developments. The responses collected in the interviews can be grouped into policies and implementation, capacity building development, welfare and livelihood development, ecosystems management, and tourism measures. The information gathered in this study can be used to improve or change existing responses into more precise and contextualized measures in addressing specific impacts observed in the local areas.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104462

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  8. Linking blue carbon ecosystems with sustainable tourism: Dichotomy of urban-rural local perspectives from the Philippines

    Quevedo Jay Mar D., Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    REGIONAL STUDIES IN MARINE SCIENCE   45 巻   2021年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:Regional Studies in Marine Science  

    Blue carbon ecosystems (BCEs) are linked to tourism industry either as the main destination site or as additional features. Achieving sustainable tourism in coastal areas warrants the inclusion of long-term BCE management and protection, hence, it is important to understand how tourism impacts these resources to better formulate apt strategies tailored to the individual contexts. In Busuanga Island, Philippines, where tourism industry depends highly on its coastal and marine resources, there is a gap in understanding the impacts of tourism on BCEs. Thus, this study aims to analyze communities’ perceptions of sustainable tourism and BCE services by comparing household survey results between urban (Coron) and rural (Busuanga) communities. Specifically, this work aims to determine residents’ perceptions of tourism impacts at the personal and community levels, to examine whether socio-demographic profiles, ecological consciousness, awareness of programs for sustainable tourism, and ecological protection drive these perceptions, and to compare these results in urban and rural settings. Results of this study indicate a distinctive difference between urban and rural perceptions; e.g., residents perceived highly of tourism benefits and impacts in Coron whereas fewer recognitions are observed in Busuanga. Correlations of locals’ awareness of BCE services with perceived environmental changes caused by tourism showed positive effects. Environment-related plans received high recognition in promoting sustainable tourism. Overall, locals’ perceptions of tourism and blue carbon ecosystems can be bundled together. This linkage could address future planning of sustainable tourism master plan at the municipal level particularly those towns that features coastal resources as their main tourism attractions.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.rsma.2021.101820

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  9. Special Issue: "Urban Agriculture, Forestry and Green-Blue Infrastructure as "Re-Discovered Commons": Bridging Urban-Rural Interface"

    Kohsaka Ryo, Uchiyama Yuta

    SUSTAINABILITY   13 巻 ( 11 )   2021年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:Sustainability (Switzerland)  

    DOI: 10.3390/su13115872

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  10. Towards Evidence Based Policy Making in GIAHS: Convention Theory and Effects of GIAHS Registration on the Wholesale and Retail Trade of Traditional and Local Vegetables

    Miyake Yoshitaka, Uchiyama Yuta, Fujihira Yoshinori, Kohsaka Ryo

    SUSTAINABILITY   13 巻 ( 10 )   2021年5月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:Sustainability (Switzerland)  

    This study examines how the registration of certain agricultural regions affects the sales of vegetables classified as traditional. We focused on the sales trends of traditional vegetables from the Noto region, one of the first designated sites of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS). We compared the sales of recognized traditional vegetables to those of similar traditional vegetables from nearby areas and vegetables labeled with the same place names as the traditional vegetables but without elements of traditionality in branding. The study analyzed the sale and relevant trends of four categories of vegetable: Kaga vegetables, vegetables labeled “Kaga”, Noto vegetables, and vegetables labeled “Noto”. We further analyzed the trends by applying Convention Theory to understand the underpinning “orders of worth” in the purchase and sale of the items. Both Noto vegetables and place-labeled vegetables increased in overall sales since GIAHS registration in 2011. The recent increases in sales volume and number of items, however, were largely due to the production of lettuce, a crop from a vegetable factory. By applying Convention Theory, we identified that in the agriculture of the region, industrial farming impacted even the GIAHS registered site. Thus, careful collection and analysis of evidence is necessary to evaluate the effects of GIAHS registration and draft an action plan for further evidence-based policy making.

    DOI: 10.3390/su13105330

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  11. Local perceptions of blue carbon ecosystem infrastructures in Panay Island, Philippines

    Quevedo Jay Mar D., Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    COASTAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL     2021年4月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:Coastal Engineering Journal  

    Nature-based solutions (NbS) address socio-environmental challenges by sustainably managing ecosystems that offer and support the delivery of various services. NbS can integrate locally relevant options for maintaining ecosystems, thus, encourages the participation of local stakeholders. For instance, mangroves referred here as “blue carbon ecosystem infrastructures” (BCEIs), are being reforested by local stakeholders because of their role in coastal protection and, increasingly, for their contribution to global carbon sequestration. This study examined two mangrove eco-parks in Panay Island, Philippines using perception surveys to (1) offer empirical evidence of the impacts of well-implemented BCEIs, (2) obtain conceptual implications of NbS, and (3) provide practical prospects for BCEI applications in the country. Results show that respondents who access the eco-parks have higher awareness compared to people who did not use it, suggesting eco-parks can promote mangrove awareness. Local's utilization of provisioning and cultural services of the eco-parks indicates that mangroves can be a valuable income source. Engaging residents in the management of eco-parks boosts their participation and willingness to lead. The mutualistic relationship between locals and mangroves observed in this study implies the positive effect of BCEI in the country particularly on people’s well-being, coastal protection, and climate change mitigation if implemented and maintained successfully.

    DOI: 10.1080/21664250.2021.1888558

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  12. Local awareness as an instrument for management and conservation of seagrass ecosystem: Case of Berau Regency, Indonesia 査読有り

    Lukman K.M., Uchiyama Y., Quevedo J.M.D., Kohsaka R.

    Ocean and Coastal Management   203 巻   頁: 105451 - 105451   2021年4月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Ocean and Coastal Management  

    Berau Regency in East Kalimantan has one of the intact seagrass ecosystems in Indonesia which is increasingly under pressure. Threats to this ecosystem mainly derives from anthropogenic activities such as land conversion and tourism activities, which can lead to ecosystem degradation and carbon emissions. This study explores the indirect and direct drivers by analyzing the locals' awareness of the benefits of seagrass ecosystem services through semi-structured interviews and a random sampling questionnaire in several areas in the Berau Regency, namely Derawan, Tanjung Batu, and Tanjung Redeb. Highlights of this research include evidence on occupation's correlation with resource utilization and awareness, with fishermen showing higher utilization of the seagrass ecosystem from the provisioning aspect and government employees having a high capacity for knowledge of various seagrass ecosystem services. Insight from this study provides further understanding on the influence of aspects such as resource utilization and the involvement of the local government, in regards to the local awareness of seagrass ecosystem. The role of fisherman and government can be critical to raise the awareness and to support the communities' efforts to manage the seagrass ecosystem.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2020.105451

    Scopus

  13. How Blue Carbon Ecosystems Are Perceived by Local Communities in the Coral Triangle: Comparative and Empirical Examinations in the Philippines and Indonesia 査読有り

    Quevedo Jay Mar D., Uchiyama Yuta, Lukman Kevin Muhamad, Kohsaka Ryo

    SUSTAINABILITY   13 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 1 - 21   2021年1月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Sustainability (Switzerland)  

    Blue carbon ecosystem (BCE) initiatives in the Coral Triangle Region (CTR) are increasing due to their amplified recognition in mitigating global climate change. Although transdisciplinary approaches in the “blue carbon” discourse and collaborative actions are gaining momentum in the international and national arenas, more work is still needed at the local level. The study pursues how BCE initiatives permeate through the local communities in the Philippines and Indonesia, as part of CTR. Using perception surveys, the coastal residents from Busuanga, Philippines, and Kari-munjawa, Indonesia were interviewed on their awareness, utilization, perceived threats, and management strategies for BCEs. Potential factors affecting residents’ perceptions were explored using multivariate regression and correlation analyses. Also, a comparative analysis was done to deter-mine distinctions and commonalities in perceptions as influenced by site‐specific scenarios. Results show that, despite respondents presenting relatively high awareness of BCE services, levels of utilization are low with 42.9–92.9% and 23.4–85.1% respondents in Busuanga and Karimunjawa, re-spectively, not directly utilizing BCE resources. Regression analysis showed that respondents’ oc-cupation significantly influenced their utilization rate and observed opposite correlations in Busuanga (positive) and Karimunjawa (negative). Perceived threats are found to be driven by per-sonal experiences—occurrence of natural disasters in Busuanga whereas discerned anthropogenic activities (i.e., land‐use conversion) in Karimunjawa. Meanwhile, recognized management strategies are influenced by the strong presence of relevant agencies like non‐government and people’s organizations in Busuanga and the local government in Karimunjawa. These results can be trans-lated as useful metrics in contextualizing and/or enhancing BCE management plans specifically in strategizing advocacy campaigns and engagement of local stakeholders across the CTR.

    DOI: 10.3390/su13010127

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  14. 森林環境譲与税を契機とした都道府県による市町村支援の方向性の分析―使途整理・情報交換・組織設置に関する全国の比較から―

    香坂 玲, 内山 愉太

    日本森林学会誌   103 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 134 - 144   2021年

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本森林学会  

    <p>2019年度に導入された森林環境譲与税(以下,環境譲与税)について,市町村は森林管理に関わり,税の使途も公表しなければならない。一方で市町村では受け皿の人材が不足しており,都道府県の支援が重要となる。本研究では,都道府県レベルにおいて①環境譲与税と府県単位の独自の超過課税(以下,県環境税)の使途の整理状況,②2020年度前後に設置された市町村支援の組織・会議体,③人事交流,④独自のガイドラインに着目して分析を行った。そもそも県環境税は各県に使途や背景に差異があり,全体比較には自ずと限界があるものの,二制度のすみ分けは主に間伐等の物理的な森林整備において府県間で対応が異なること等が特定された。支援では6県が独自にセンターを設置し,10府県が人事交流を実施し,県の普及員と市町村の職員を併任する制度を独自に導入した特徴的な事例(愛媛県)も存在した。17府県が森林経営管理制度または環境譲与税の独自のガイドラインを作成していた。41府県を対象とした定量分析では情報交換の会の設置状況は市町村数や私有林人工林面積率と相関があり,人事交流及びガイドラインの策定状況は譲与額との相関があった。</p>

    DOI: 10.4005/jjfs.103.134

    CiNii Article

  15. Access and Use of Green Areas during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Green Infrastructure Management in the "New Normal" 査読有り

    Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    SUSTAINABILITY   12 巻 ( 23 ) 頁: 1 - 9   2020年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Sustainability (Switzerland)  

    This study aims to identify the influence of the socioeconomic attributes and environmental contexts of citizens’ residential areas on the access and use of green areas during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results can aid policymaking and facilitate the safe and unrestricted use of green areas during the pandemic. The access and use of green areas were analyzed using a survey conducted after the official COVID-19 emergency in Japan (16 April to 14 May, 2020). Visits to green areas during the pandemic have gained salience globally from multiple perspectives: health, planning, social justice, and equity. The results of this study demonstrated that socioeconomic factors influenced the frequency of visiting green areas. The factors further influenced the use of the three categories of green areas (parks, agricultural lands, and gardens). Environmental contexts, including the land use patterns in residential areas, also influenced the use of specific types of green areas. Thus, policies need to further facilitate visits to green areas by reflecting the socioeconomic attributes of residents and their households, including income, number of children, gender, and age, incorporating those who have less access and considering the spread of COVID-19 locally. Furthermore, policies for the use of specific green areas, including parks, agricultural lands, and gardens, need to take cognizance of the residents’ environmental contexts. Management of specific green areas, like agricultural lands, is required, and residents should be provided with opportunities to use these areas with measures to avoid infection.

    DOI: 10.3390/su12239842

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  16. Application of Biomimetics to Architectural and Urban Design: A Review across Scales 査読有り

    Uchiyama Yuta, Blanco Eduardo, Kohsaka Ryo

    SUSTAINABILITY   12 巻 ( 23 ) 頁: 1 - 15   2020年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Sustainability (Switzerland)  

    Application of biomimetics has expanded progressively to other fields in recent years, including urban and architectural design, scaling up from materials to a larger scale. Besides its contribution to design and functionality through a long evolutionary process, the philosophy of biomimetics contributes to a sustainable society at the conceptual level. The aim of this review is to shed light on trends in the application of biomimetics to architectural and urban design, in order to identify potential issues and successes resulting from implementation. In the application of biomimetics to architectural design, parts of individual “organisms”, including their form and surface structure, are frequently mimicked, whereas in urban design, on a larger scale, biomimetics is applied to mimic whole ecosystems. The overall trends of the reviewed research indicate future research necessity in the field of on biomimetic application in architectural and urban design, including Biophilia and Material. As for the scale of the applications, the urban-scale research is limited and it is a promising research which can facilitate the social implementation of biomimetics. As for facilitating methods of applications, it is instrumental to utilize different types of knowledge, such as traditional knowledge, and providing scientific clarification of functions and systems based on reviews. Thus, interdisciplinary research is required additionally to reach such goals.

    DOI: 10.3390/su12239813

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  17. Status and trends of urban organic agricultural policy in Japan: the survey on ordinance designated cities 査読有り

    Miyake Y., Uchiyama Y., Kohsaka R.

    Organic Agriculture   10 巻 ( 4 ) 頁: 497 - 508   2020年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Organic Agriculture  

    Development of organic agriculture has been sluggish in contemporary Japanese society. To better understand and capture the status of policy implementation in both urban and semirural areas, this study examined ordinance designated cities (ODCs) by reviewing tendencies and their interests in organic agricultural policies. In concrete, this study reviews the status, trends, interests, and barriers of organic agricultural policies in Japan. This study compared ODCs covering largely urban areas and those ODCs including semirural areas. The quantitative element of comparisons is based on the population and economic size and then on semirural and agricultural characteristics through cluster analysis. As a result, urban ODCs were more concerned about the policies close to consumption. ODCs including semirural areas were more concerned about the ones on production. There are also ODCs in between to show diverse characteristics in the policy implementations and interests. To take this difference into consideration, all types of the ODCs would need to implement the policies for promotion of organic agriculture in future. The results showed the rural-urban difference at the ODCs in the policy tendency through the financial support for certifications, education, and organizing a marché. Further policy supports, such as accumulation of market information, mutual-learning among ODCs, and the information on the policy effect on the environment, economy, and society, can potentially support efficiency of policy. The general low policy interests among the ODCs could be improved by emphasizing the needs of locally sensitive policy with the effective participation of concerned farmers and other stakeholders including consumers.

    DOI: 10.1007/s13165-020-00311-5

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  18. Will organic sake intoxicate consumers? Procurements of rice as bottlenecks and comparative procurement strategies by four brewers in Japan 査読有り

    Miyake Y., Kohsaka R.

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   7 巻 ( 1 )   2020年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Ethnic Foods  

    This study reviews the status of current organic sake and procurement strategies of organic rice by four brewers in Japan. Despite overall declining trends in shrinking domestic markets, sake categorized in the premium segment has been increasing in trading volumes and indicated resilience in prices. This study first reviewed and analyzed the overall status of sake, trends in premium segment, and challenges for organic sake. Unlike wine, organic sake occupies a minor position in the segment. This was followed by the comparative analysis of procurement strategies of organic rice for four sake breweries in Japan. The strategies were contrasting; three breweries indicated strong "local"bonding while one procured organic rice outside of the region, resulting in different product strategies. At its initiation, all four breweries showed the interests in local agriculture and gained rice locally. Then, availability and affordable price became a bottleneck. Implications of these challenges are further analyzed from exporting perspectives as well.

    DOI: 10.1186/s42779-020-00060-6

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  19. An explorative analysis of landscape value perceptions of naturally dead and cut wood: a case study of visitors to Kaisho Forest, Aichi, Japan 査読有り

    Kovacs Barbara, Uchiyama Yuta, Miyake Yoshitaka, Penker Marianne, Kohsaka Ryo

    JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH   25 巻 ( 5 ) 頁: 291 - 298   2020年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Forest Research  

    Diverse demands for contemporary forest management require greater consideration to cultural ecosystem services. Given the circumstances, understanding how forest elements are perceived can provide valuable information for park managers. Perceptions of visitors have been explored in current studies but research linking these elements with values remains limited. This study revisited perceptions of naturally dead wood compared to cut wood. We reexamined the scholary hypothesis that distinctions between naturally dead and cut wood are comparatively weak for Japanese people and further examined the values attached to any such distinctions. To test the suggested hypothesis, we explored landscape value perceptions of naturally dead and cut wood. In a case study of visitors to Kaisho Forest, Aichi, Japan, we administered a questionnaire that included a photograph evaluation approach. We performed a chi-square test and cluster analysis. The cluster analysis based on associated values from the images identified the naturally dead and obvious cut wood belong to two distinctive clusters. This study further revealed that cluster membership of cut wood depends on the degree of human intervention. Photographs of naturally dead wood and an overgrown humanly induced trunk from coppicing with relatively minor human intervention were associated with natural, spiritual, and aesthetic values. In contrast, fire wood–in the second cluster of cut wood–was associated with educational and productive values. An additional outcome of the chi-square test showed that women tended to assign more therapeutic values to forests and overgrown trunks in the forest than men.

    DOI: 10.1080/13416979.2020.1773619

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  20. Private forest landowners' awareness of forest boundaries: case study in Japan 査読有り

    Kajima Shuichiro, Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH   25 巻 ( 5 ) 頁: 299 - 307   2020年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Forest Research  

    We explore Japanese forest landowners’ characteristics that affect the awareness of the boundaries of their forest lands. Such information can serve as foundational forest management information that will be used in decision making by future generations. We focus on the owners’ awareness of the forest boundaries and examine its relationship with the owners’ characteristics. This is one of the first studies covering all forest landowners and their awareness at the municipal level in Japan, focusing on a municipality’s forest landowners. The results of this study suggest that forest landowners who are young, women, non-members of forest landowners’ co-operative associations, and absent from the municipality tend to be unaware of their forests’ boundary lines, location, and land area.

    DOI: 10.1080/13416979.2020.1777627

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  21. A meta-analysis of shrinking cities in Europe and Japan. Towards an integrative research agenda

    Doeringer Stefanie, Uchiyama Yuta, Penker Marianne, Kohsaka Ryo

    EUROPEAN PLANNING STUDIES   28 巻 ( 9 ) 頁: 1693 - 1712   2020年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:European Planning Studies  

    Empirical research on urban shrinkage is being conducted around the globe, since many countries are confronted with the phenomenon of shrinking cities. So far, the research on urban shrinkage has focused strongly on case studies, which is why we can benefit from a diverse and empirically rich knowledge base on the phenomenon and its regional manifestations. By bridging and comparing the European and Japanese academic discourse, we aim to identify the different recurring theories and key issues discussed under the umbrella term ‘urban shrinkage’ and strive to uncover blind spots of the debate. For this purpose, we conduct a qualitative meta-analysis of 100 empirical cases that are documented in the literature dealing with shrinking cities in the EU and Japan. This meta-analysis is based on comparative qualitative content analysis. It reveals a regionally differentiated pattern of various causes, effects and responses documented for shrinking cities in Western, Mediterranean and post-socialist EU countries and in Japan. Based on these findings, we offer an agenda for future research by suggesting an integrative perspective on the context-specific dynamics of urban shrinkage. We argue for an integrative understanding of shrinking cities in order to develop a valid knowledge base for evidence-based policy recommendations.

    DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2019.1604635

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  22. Perceptions of the seagrass ecosystems for the local communities of Eastern Samar, Philippines: Preliminary results and prospects of blue carbon services 査読有り

    Quevedo Jay Mar D., Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT   191 巻   頁: 105181 - 105181   2020年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Ocean and Coastal Management  

    Coastal communities, knowingly or otherwise, rely on seagrasses for their livelihood, recreation and food source, among other services. However, despite its importance, seagrasses are not receiving similar attentions with its adjacent ecosystems, the mangroves, and coral reefs. Because of their role in climate change mitigation, seagrasses along with mangroves and salt marshes (the blue carbon ecosystems) are gaining attention recently. This preliminary study investigates the perception of coastal communities in Eastern Samar, Philippines on seagrasses. The results of the survey show that there is a level of high awareness among respondents to seagrass ecosystem services. Despite that, however, utilization remains low. The level of awareness varies on the type of ecosystem service; for instance, locals have a high awareness of provisioning services while low awareness of cultural services. The survey also included the perceived threats to seagrasses, where damages caused by natural disturbances are identified as the most concerning threat. This may be due to the geographic location of the sites that are frequented by typhoons. The perception potentially indicates depleted resources brought about by mismanagement or overlooking this natural resource. The results provide a more contextualized understanding on how local communities are aware of and interacting with, or the lack thereof, seagrass ecosystems. This could aid local government units (LGUs) and conservation groups in the area to craft practicable and sustainable management plans and threat-specific solutions.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2020.105181

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  23. (2020) Utilization of forest environment transfer tax in ordinance-designated cities: Trend of urban forest policy and its diversity in Japan 査読有り

    Uchiyama Y., Kohsaka R.

    Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society   102 巻 ( 3 ) 頁: 173 - 179   2020年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society  

    The forest environment transfer tax was been introduced in 2019 and is expected to support and facilitate municipal-level forest policies. The revenue from the tax can be used to promote utilization of timber and wood products and education in cities. Although forestry is not a main industry and forest policies are not active in urban municipalities, cities need to make relevant policies and implement the policies using the tax revenue. In this earliest stage of the new tax scheme, it is necessary to monitor the status of policy making and the plan for the policy implementation to improve the tax scheme for sustainable forest management with urban and rural municipalities. To identify the influence of the new tax scheme on municipal forest policies and ordinance-designated cities policies which are implemented using the revenue of the forest environment transfer tax, a questionnaire survey was conducted. As results, policies of promotion of timber and wood product use were detected as major policies. Compared with the prefectural-level policy trend, more diverse trends were detected in the policies of the cities. As a preliminary analysis result of background of their diversity, it was revealed that promotion of forest accumulation plans tends to be prioritized in the cities with relatively large forest lands per capita. The detailed analysis of the relationships between characteristics of the cities and their policies will be conducted in future research.

    DOI: 10.4005/jjfs.102.173

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  24. Intellectual Property Strategies for Timber and Forest Products: The Case of Regional Collective Trademark Applications by Japanese Forestry Associations 査読有り

    Kajima Shuichiro, Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    SUSTAINABILITY   12 巻 ( 5 ) 頁: 1988 - 1988   2020年3月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Sustainability (Switzerland)  

    In this study, we clarify the motivation for applying for regional collective trademarks (RCTs) and the effects perceived by the right holders of wood and forest products. We further examine the historical contexts and social circumstances of production regions with RCT registrations. A survey of eight right holders, including forestry associations that applied for RCTs, was conducted in this study. We obtained a sufficient quantity of perception data for comparisons across different production sites. The primary motivations of forest associations applying for RCTs were preventing counterfeit goods and improving awareness and familiarity. It was identified that the relative lengths of the brand histories have impacted the current branding strategies, including the motives for RCT applications. In terms of the perceived effects of RCTs, four RCT right holders perceived the former positive effect of preventing counterfeit goods, and seven perceived the latter positive effect of improving awareness and familiarity. All of the forest associations intend to renew their RCTs. The primary motivation of the RCT holders is not price enhancement. It remains to be seen whether the RCT brands can differentiate themselves to consumers and constructors in terms of quality or brand stories.

    DOI: 10.3390/su12051988

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  25. 実践的なレジリエント建築社会の実現に向けて(座談,<特集>レジリエント建築社会の到来)

    竹脇 出, 香坂 玲, 林 春男, 増田 幸宏, 高口 洋人, 難波 和彦, 中川 浩明

    建築雑誌   ( 1732 ) 頁: 10 - 15   2020年1月

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    出版者・発行元:日本建築学会  

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  26. Perceptions of local communities on mangrove forests, their services and management: implications for Eco-DRR and blue carbon management for Eastern Samar, Philippines

    Quevedo Jay Mar D., Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH   25 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 1 - 11   2020年1月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Forest Research  

    The mangrove ecosystems which provide diverse benefits to local communities are vulnerable to natural and human-induced threats. Existing policies and decision-makers in the Philippines are gearing towards the integration of physical, ecological, and social elements in managing these ecosystems. To date, the linkage between the policies and the direct beneficiaries (i.e. coastal communities) of the ecosystem services is, however, largely unexplored from local perspectives applying quantitative methodology. Thus, we conducted household surveys to the coastal villagers in Eastern Samar. By doing so, we provide basic information for the scientists and policymakers on the following elements of one the blue carbon ecosystems, mangroves; (1) resource utilization, (2) level of awareness on ecosystem services and existing management plans, and (3) perceptions on natural and anthropogenic threats. Results of the survey show that the utilization of mangrove ecosystem services is influenced by social demography and level of awareness of the locals. The trends of the locals’ utilization and perceptions on the diverse ecosystem services may provide evidence for their active involvement in protecting these resources. To enable more holistic and sustainable management, this study suggests the value of including coastal communities in contextualizing management plans, particularly for the areas often visited by natural hazards.

    DOI: 10.1080/13416979.2019.1696441

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  27. The 2019 review of IPBES and future priorities: reaching beyond assessment to enhance policy impact 招待有り 査読有り

    Stevance A.S., Bridgewater P., Louafi S., King N., Beard T.D., Van Jaarsveld A.S., Ofir Z., Kohsaka R., Jenderedijan K., Rosales Benites M., Mulongoy K.J., Chaudhari K.L., Painter J., Meter A.

    Ecosystems and People   16 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 70 - 77   2020年1月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Ecosystems and People  

    The Intergovernmental Science–Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is an independent scientific body focused on assessing the state of the world’s ecosystem services and biodiversity. IPBES members agreed in 2017 that a review of the Platform’s first work programme should be undertaken by an independent panel examining all aspects of IPBES’ work–including implementation of the four functions of IPBES; policies, operating principles and procedures; governance structure and arrangements; communication, stakeholder engagement and partnerships; and funding mechanisms. The review found that for IPBES to have its anticipated transformative impact: ● All four functions of IPBES (i.e. assessment, knowledge generation, policy support, capacity building), with better communication, must be significantly strengthened, integrated and delivered together; ● The policy aspects of IPBES work need to be strengthened and greater emphasis needs to be placed on the co-design and co-production of assessments; ● A more strategic and collaborative approach to stakeholders is needed; and ● IPBES must develop a more sustainable financial base. Given those changes, IPBES, as an embryonic boundary organization, can become the key influencing organization in the global  landscape of biodiversity and ecosystem services organizations, helping thus to  catalyze transformative change in the relationship between people and the rest of nature. EDITED BY Patricia Balvanera.

    DOI: 10.1080/26395916.2019.1702590

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  28. From hoes to story-telling as "weapons of the weak": Farmers' resistance to neoliberal 2007 multi-product management stabilization plan in Japan 査読有り

    Miyake Y., Kohsaka R.

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   7 巻 ( 1 )   2020年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Ethnic Foods  

    While neoliberalism has promoted free trade, market rule, and productivist agriculture in the food production system, farmers and their unions in developed countries partially managed to shun the forces of neoliberalism. What are the underpinning strength and factors of such resilience? Discussions have concentrated at national policy and organizational level and tacit resistance at community and farm levels remain unexplored, inter alia from their historical embeddedness perspective. This study explores the way Japanese farmers frame their contemporary political situation with neoliberalism of the late 2000s with a grounded approach of face-to-face interview at a community level. The farmers resist it mobilizing Scott's anthropological notion of "Weapons of the Weak"through story-telling instead of hoes in ancient time (Scott JC, Weapons of the weak: everyday forms of peasant resistance, 1985). In concrete, the farmers resisted a neoliberal policy of Hinmoku Odanteki Keiei Antei Taisaku, or the Multi- Product Management Stabilization Plan (MPP), in the early 2000s, which promoted larger scale farming to pursue the efficiency of scale merits. The policy was first introduced in 2005 as a concept and dominated the agricultural policy scenes from 2007 to 2009, and then its influence disappeared toward 2010. The rise and fall of the concept and policy provide us with rare opportunity to examine the historical embeddedness of the farmers and their resistance to such neoliberal globalization. We conducted interviews with the leaders of cooperative farms and stakeholders in Daisen City, Akita Prefecture, Japan; the study found that farmers' framing of neoliberalism was ambivalent causing partial adoption and resistance. The leaders of the cooperative farms could form the cooperative farms but thought further development difficult because members intended to keep their farming independent. Close frame and discourse analysis revealed that farmers in Japan could express their frustration on neoliberal discourse and policy through multiple tactics of "Weapons of the Weak"by complaining to the leaders, miscalculating the figures, or claiming family-based food sovereignty that "we produce what goes into our family mouths."Such tactics procrastinated the process and eventually stopped the policy. The incident demonstrates how farmers in the network can slow the progress of neoliberal discourse and policy implementation. From the analysis, the notion of "Weapons of the Weak"can be applied as a part of the combination with farmers' historical embeddedness, symbolism of foods, framing, and electoral resistance.

    DOI: 10.1186/s42779-020-00048-2

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  29. History, ethnicity, and policy analysis of organic farming in Japan: When "nature" was detached from organic 査読有り

    Miyake Y., Kohsaka R.

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   7 巻 ( 1 )   2020年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Ethnic Foods  

    The ratio of organic farming in Japan stagnated in terms of area and involved farmers despite the richness in history symbolized in terms such as the Fukuoka methods or the more recent Teikei. This paper first reviews the historical development of Japan's organic agriculture from the 1930s (first epoch), regarding Japanese ethnicity and its roots and relationships to nature. Based on this analysis, we critically evaluate policy development from the 1990s (second epoch). Here, we provide potential explanation for the low ratio of organic agriculture in Japan. By combing the conceptual analysis of ethnicity and organic movements, the underpinning factors that underlie the development of organic farming are analyzed both from historical and cultural contexts. Natural farming is a separate individual practice in Japan, with its own philosophical backgrounds. This initial 1930s terminology of "natural farming"or shizen nōhō was translated into yūki nōgyō in the 1970s. This review claims that the meaning of organic agriculture got too narrow to promote organic agriculture with the governmental intervention and standardization from the 1990s. The initial phase of yūki nōgyō also had such a problem as the concept became increasingly institutionalized through government standardization and policy from the 1990s. Currently, at the conceptual level, the linkage to nature, i.e., "shizen", is confined into "non-use of chemical components"through formal institutionalization, and the ethnic elements or philosophical and historical roots are neglected. Similar phenomena of "commodification of organic farming"are widely known in matured markets in the USA and Europe, but the discrepancy of "nature"and "organic"agriculture is particularly also observed in contemporary Japan.

    DOI: 10.1186/s42779-020-00052-6

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  30. Forest environment transfer tax and urban-rural collaboration: Case of Chichibu City and Toshima District in Japan 査読有り

    Kohsaka R., Osawa T., Uchiyama Y.

    Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society   102 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 127 - 132   2020年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society  

    The year 2019 marked the first year of introducing the national forest environment transfer tax. The forest environment transfer tax scheme is mainly for the forest management in municipalities. Yet the forest areas in certain urban areas are limited and there is a room for urban-rural collaboration. In concrete terms, urban municipalities can receive relatively large revenue from the tax, because total population of municipalities is considered as one of the indicators to compute the amount of transferred tax for the municipalities. The urban municipalities can use the tax to facilitate the use of wood products, such as construction materials, and to conduct forest management in rural municipalities by implementing urban-rural collaboration. As a case of the urban-rural collaboration, collaboration between Toshima District and Chichibu City was analyzed and their process of collaboration and status of sharing human resources in Chichibu City and Saitama Prefecture were identified. Toshima District and Chichibu City have long-term experience of collaboration as sister municipalities. Chichibu City is conducting regional collaboration with surrounding municipalities on forest managements. These are the contexts of facilitating Toshima and Chichibu's urban-rural collaboration.

    DOI: 10.4005/jjfs.102.127

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  31. Sustainable Development Utilizing Local Agricultural Resources: A Network Analysis of Interorganizational Collaborations in Tsuruoka, Noto, and Aso in Japan

    Inoue Sotaro, Ito Noriko, Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    Japanese Journal of Agricultural Economics   22 巻 ( 0 ) 頁: 95 - 100   2020年

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    出版者・発行元:日本農業経済学会  

    <p>Employing social network analysis, this study quantitatively compares interorganizational collaboration networks in Tsuruoka, Noto, and Aso in Japan. These networks apply innovative strategies and techniques to the use of local agricultural resources. The major findings of this study are the following: (1) Tsuruoka's and Noto's networks are characterized by relatively centralized structures. (2) Aso's network is characterized by a relatively decentralized structure. (3) Organizations that coordinate the various sectors and regions have played an important role in maintaining decentralized networks. Through comparison of the networks, we supply objective information useful for formulating structural change strategies induce sustainable development in Japan.</p>

    DOI: 10.18480/jjae.22.0_95

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  32. 伝統的な産品を活用した地域の伝統・文化の考察と発信:地理的表示、地域観光、知財教育への示唆

    香坂 玲

    日本教育学会大會研究発表要項   79 巻 ( 0 ) 頁: 260 - 261   2020年

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    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本教育学会  

    DOI: 10.11555/taikaip.79.0_260

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  33. 水野祥子著「エコロジーの世紀と植民地科学者―イギリス帝国・開発・環境」

    香坂 玲

    日本森林学会誌   102 巻 ( 4 ) 頁: 277 - 278   2020年

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    出版者・発行元:日本森林学会  

    DOI: 10.4005/jjfs.102.277

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  34. 森林環境譲与税を活用した都市・農山村連携の萌芽:秩父市と豊島区の事例

    内山 愉太, 香坂 玲

    日本森林学会大会発表データベース   131 巻 ( 0 )   2020年

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    出版者・発行元:日本森林学会  

    <p>2019年4月には森林経営管理法が創設され、同年度には森林環境譲与税が導入された。税の配分では、各自治体の私有林人工林率等のみならず、人口も考慮されるため、都市部の自治体にも一定の配分がなされ、農山村部のみならず都市部の自治体においても同税の活用が進められている。都市部では、同税を基に都市-農山村連携を促すことも意図されており、その萌芽的事例について報告を行う。対象自治体は、東京都豊島区と埼玉県秩父市の連携の事例である。その連携の経緯、各自治体の視点等について調査、分析を行った。連携経緯としては、両自治体がこれまでも姉妹都市として連携を行ってきた経緯や、秩父市の広域連携を含む施策展開が背景となっていることが把握された。カーボン・オフセット事業として進められている両市の連携では、森林整備に加えて環境教育、普及・啓発等も含まれ、多面的な効果、将来的事業対象地の拡大等が期待されている。特に秩父市において行われている県と市の人事交流による人的資源の補完や情報共有の促進等は、他の自治体において示唆があり、森林環境譲与税の活用を進める上でも有用と考えられる。</p>

    DOI: 10.11519/jfsc.131.0_247

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  35. 森林環境譲与税の活用の方向性に関する試論:47都道府県を対象として

    香坂 玲, 内山 愉太

    日本森林学会大会発表データベース   131 巻 ( 0 )   2020年

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    出版者・発行元:日本森林学会  

    <p>2019年度から交付開始された森林環境譲与税について、47都道府県を対象とした調査結果を速報的に報告する。森林環境譲与税の活用の方向性、同税導入による組織体制の変更状況等を調査した。37の府県では、類似した府県における超過課税(以下、県・環境税)も分析した。結果、県・環境税の変更点、条例の変更も把握した。全体的な傾向として、市町村による森林所有者支援、技術指導や研修開催等が重視される傾向や、県・環境税の導入県と未導入の県の間で大きな差異はみられないこと等が把握された。森林環境譲与税を受け入れる組織的な体制は、県・環境税の有無に関わらず、約半数の県で何らかの再編等が行われる。尚、県・環境税の有無で若干の差異も把握され、市町村支援施策としての間伐実施箇所の調整及び、市町村と技術者とのマッチングは、県・環境税の導入県では、現状維持と回答した割合が高い。未導入県ではその割合は高くなかった。導入県では、それらの政策項目はこれまでも実施されており、森林環境譲与税の導入を契機に取り組む項目とはなっていない可能性が考えられる。導入後間もない森林環境譲与税及び関連政策について今後の動向を注視する必要がある。</p>

    DOI: 10.11519/jfsc.131.0_255

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  36. 柴田晋吾著『環境にお金を払う仕組み―PES(生態系サービスへの支払い)が分かる本―』

    香坂 玲

    環境経済・政策研究   13 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 86 - 88   2020年

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    出版者・発行元:環境経済・政策学会  

    DOI: 10.14927/reeps.13.1_86

    CiNii Article

  37. 地域振興における多様な組織の連携構造:鶴岡市における社会ネットワーク分析

    井上 荘太朗, 伊藤 紀子, 高橋 克也, 市川 容子, 香坂 玲, 内山 愉太

    農業経営研究   57 巻 ( 4 ) 頁: 19 - 24   2020年

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    出版者・発行元:日本農業経営学会  

    DOI: 10.11300/fmsj.57.4_19

    CiNii Article

  38. SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production - Potential Benefits and Impacts on Forests and Livelihoods

    Schroeder Patrick, Antonarakis Alexander S., Brauer Jana, Conteh Abu, Kohsaka Ryo, Uchiyama Yuta, Pacheco Pablo

    SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS: THEIR IMPACTS ON FORESTS AND PEOPLE     頁: 386 - 418   2020年

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    記述言語:日本語  

    Web of Science

  39. SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production-Potential benefits and impacts on forests and livelihoods 査読有り

    Schröder P., Antonarakis A.S., Brauer J., Conteh A., Kohsaka R., Uchiyama Y., Pacheco P.

    Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People     頁: 386 - 418   2019年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People  

    Scopus

  40. Application of the City Biodiversity Index to populated cities in Japan: Influence of the social and ecological characteristics on indicator-based management

    Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS   106 巻   2019年11月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Ecological Indicators  

    For sustainability of a region, a holistic view is necessary to understand its dynamics and the conditions surrounding cities and beyond. Conservation activity indicators can be instrumental in this context, yet they can be simultaneously counterproductive in areas where intra-city sectionalisms exist. With regard to urban biodiversity, Singapore proposed an index to evaluate the biodiversity, ecosystem services, and governance specific for the cities. The index, known also as “City Biodiversity Index,” is currently applied worldwide. We analyzed the relationships between local biodiversity management in twenty populated cities in Japan and their social and ecological characteristics in order to identify the characteristics necessary for the smooth functioning of indicator-based management practices. As a result, cities with high percentages of built-up areas (with limited natural resources) tended to implement quantitative evaluations for biodiversity, although most of the twenty analyzed cities conducted participatory monitoring with stakeholder involvement. Furthermore, we identified that collaborations among different government sectors can be linked to certain ecological conditions; municipalities with relatively large amounts of forest land per capita (with many natural resources) tend to implement collaborations. Our findings suggest that indicator-based monitoring and management practices conducted through collaborations among different sectors are common challenges in municipal biodiversity management. Using the indicators could promote dealing with these challenges and contribute toward maintaining biodiversity in a wider range of regions.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.05.051

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  41. Biomimetics for business? Industry perceptions and patent application

    Kohsaka Ryo, Fujihira Yoshinori, Uchiyama Yuta

    JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY MANAGEMENT   10 巻 ( 3 ) 頁: 597 - 616   2019年10月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management  

    Purpose: Biomimetics are expected to contribute to sustainable environmental management; however, there has been no exploration of industry perceptions by using empirical data. This study aims to identify the trends and perceptions of biomimetics. The industrial sectors in Japan and international patent application trends are analyzed. Design/methodology/approach: An online survey to identify the perceptions of staff members in Japanese private companies (n = 276) was conducted. Japan is an emerging country in terms of the social implementation of biomimetics, and this paper can provide insights into other such countries. Findings: It is identified that the strength of connections to biomimetics differs across industrial sectors. The respondents from companies that use nanoscale biomimetics tend to have the knowledge of, and experience in, biomimetics. Regarding the overall understanding of patent applications, Japanese private company employees require knowledge of patent application trends and country rankings as potential factors influencing the development of biomimetics. Social implications: Knowledge transfer and sharing of experience among engineers and researchers of nanoscale technologies and urban scales are necessary to facilitate biomimetic advancement. Originality/value: The results of the first survey and an analysis of the perceptions of staff members in private companies in Japan are provided to show the challenges in the social implementation of biomimetics. The results can be referred to for the social implementation of biomimetics in emerging countries. The method of this study can be applied to an international comparative analysis in future research.

    DOI: 10.1108/JSTPM-05-2018-0052

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  42. A Multi-Year Investigation of the Factors Underlying Decreasing Interactions of Children and Adults with Natural Environments in Japan

    Imai Haruka, Nakashizuka Tohru, Kohsaka Ryo

    HUMAN ECOLOGY   47 巻 ( 5 ) 頁: 717 - 731   2019年10月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Human Ecology  

    The objective of this research was to assess recent trends towards decreasing interactions of both children and adults with natural environments over the period 2000–2015 and to provide insight into the factors responsible. We focused on differences in the experiences of children and adults who lived in various residential environments. This 15-years extensive questionnaire survey was conducted by the local government (Sendai City, Japan) using vegetation maps. Both children and adults were asked whether they had observed 12 species groups within the previous year. We used observation frequency and apathy (i.e., degree of interest in or concern for the natural environment) indices to determine level of engagement with wildlife and natural environments. We determined that the higher observation frequency in adults was influenced by their childhood exposure to wildlife and nature interactions. Residential environment did not explain the difference in interactions with nature between children and adults. This study underscores the importance of childhood experiences for gaining knowledge about nature and the ability to identify wildlife.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10745-019-00108-5

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  43. Impact of Geographical Indication schemes on traditional knowledge in changing agricultural landscapes: An empirical analysis from Japan

    Tashiro Ai, Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES   68 巻   頁: 46 - 53   2019年5月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Rural Studies  

    A Geographical Indication (GI) is expected to facilitate agri-environmental management in agricultural landscapes. Currently, local products from small-scale farms and national branded products with a relatively large scale of production are being registered using GI schemes. Considering the relationships among GI products, their agricultural landscapes, and traditional ecological knowledge (TEK), as a GI case study, we examined small GI farms in Odate City, Akita Prefecture, Japan, which produce edible plants called Tonburi. This research explored the complex cause-effect relationship between TEK and landscapes and found that the TEK of Tonburi production influenced biological diversity and vice versa. The TEK and skills of small farmers were confined to the family members of each farmer and were not shared at the community level until GI registration. However, the farmers shared their TEK of sustainable agricultural landscape management through the process of GI registration. Through negotiation between local agricultural cooperatives and farmers, TEK was provided as a form of cultural capital and shared with new producers after GI registration. We concluded that enclosed TEK negatively affects production maintenance and landscape management in the long term. However, the GI registration process contributes to the sharing of TEK as a form of cultural capital among Tonburi farmers.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.03.014

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  44. Regional management and biodiversity conservation in GIAHS: text analysis of municipal strategy and tourism management

    Kohsaka Ryo, Matsuoka Hikaru, Uchiyama Yuta, Rogel Marie

    ECOSYSTEM HEALTH AND SUSTAINABILITY   5 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 124 - 132   2019年1月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Ecosystem Health and Sustainability  

    Purpose of the research: To identify the gaps between the rhetoric and reality of the role of citizen participation and its role in maintenance and monitoring of heritages and resources (including biodiversity monitoring), we analyzed the discourse of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS) at municipality level. Methods: As an analytical framework, text mining is applied to interviews of officers at the municipal level of GIAHS in Noto which was amongst the first sites in Japan. The identification of such gap is critical for sustainability and to prevent conflicts from tourism, agriculture or educations. Results: The results reveal that (1) there is a gap between the official goals of that designation at the international level and local needs, (2) role of citizens is emphasized in the applications and action plans at rhetorical level but remain rather limited in practice and that (3) municipalities composing the GIAHS often have different priorities, even within the very same GIAHS sites, some municipalities even calling themselves “just a transition point to other destination municipalities.” Conclusions: It is critical for municipal officers to collaborate with various stakeholders, especially citizens. As such, citizen science is a bottom-up approach to promote biodiversity conservation and facilitate GIAHS managements.

    DOI: 10.1080/20964129.2019.1610336

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  45. Development of geographic indications applied to forest products: A comparison of Iwate Charcoal and Joboji Urushi in Iwate Prefecture, Japan

    Kohsaka R., Uchiyama Y.

    Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society   101 巻 ( 5 ) 頁: 242 - 245   2019年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society  

    The year 2018 marked the first registration of wood products, Iwate Charcoal followed by the Joboji Urushi under the framework of Geographical Indications(GIs)in Japan. The two products are from similar geographical settings from Iwate Prefecture while their motives, logic and challenges differ. Comparison under similar condition provides us with a unique opportunity to understand the Japanese GI system which has a short history compared to that of Europe. We report the latest information related to the processes and the tentative effects of the registration and characteristics of the GI of wood products which pose different characteristics from agricultural products. In concrete, we analyze the cultural conservational and economic purpose of the framework. As consequences, the two products differed in their logics for building “linkage to the production site” and basis for “tradition.” It became clear that the GI system serves the two purposes of cultural conservational and economic purpose.

    DOI: 10.4005/jjfs.101.242

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  46. Indonesia Provincial Spatial Plans on mangroves in era of decentralization: Application of content analysis to 27 provinces and ?blue carbon? as overlooked components

    Lukman Kevin Muhamad, Quevedo Jay Mar D., Kakinuma Kaoru, Uchiyama Yuta, Kohsaka Ryo

    JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH   24 巻 ( 6 ) 頁: 341 - 348   2019年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Journal of Forest Research  

    The salience of mangroves as carbon sinks are being increasingly recognized in terms of “blue carbon.” Their significance at provincial level is critical in the era of decentralization after the reformation period. This study applied a content analysis to 27 Provincial Spatial Plans in Indonesia. The results were categorized into nine clusters. The findings indicated that the cluster prohibited activity was the most frequently mentioned in the context of management and utilization across provinces. This was followed by mangrove’s potential to be utilized as tourism and educational sites, while the aspect of “blue carbon” was largely overlooked. The results indicated the usefulness of Provincial Spatial Plans as a benchmark for the priorities and awareness of lower-level governments concerning mangroves.

    DOI: 10.1080/13416979.2019.1679328

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  47. Geographic indications applied to forest products; Japanese IWATE CHARCOAL

    Kohsaka R., Kajima S.

    Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society   101 巻 ( 3 ) 頁: 128 - 133   2019年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society  

    We review the current status of the wood products under the framework of Geographical Indications (GIs) in Japan and also in international contexts. In concrete terms, IWATE CHARCOAL was the first wood related products registered under the current Japanese system. We analyzed the motives, application process, difficulties including the description of charcoal quality at the application phase and agreement of quality control.

    DOI: 10.4005/jjfs.101.128

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  48. Forest environmental taxes at multi-layer national and prefectural levels: Comparisons of 37 prefectures survey results in Japan

    Kohsaka R., Uchiyama Y.

    Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society   101 巻 ( 5 ) 頁: 246 - 252   2019年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society  

    The year 2019 marked the first year of introducing the national forest environment transfer tax. The forest environment transfer tax scheme is mainly for the forest management in municipalities but it affects forest policy at the prefectural level, because(1)37 prefectures having a prefectural forest environment tax need to explain the differences between the national level tax and their prefectural level taxes, and(2)the national level tax is allocated to prefectures to support municipalities. We analyzed the 37 prefectures to identify the influence of introducing the national tax, conducting a questionnaire survey and interview with the staff members of the prefectures. The results show that the policies to support municipalities to implement survey of forest owners' awareness and expectations will be conducted relatively intensively. Regarding the prefectural ordinances, one prefecture has changed its ordinance to avoid duplication of policies implemented by the revenue of the national tax and its prefectural tax.

    DOI: 10.4005/jjfs.101.246

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  49. 知財教育における産品認証制度の活用:題材としての伝統野菜・地理的表示保護制度の産品による地域観光戦略

    香坂 玲

    日本教育学会大會研究発表要項   78 巻 ( 0 ) 頁: 160 - 161   2019年

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    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本教育学会  

    DOI: 10.11555/taikaip.78.0_160

    CiNii Article

  50. Are municipalities ready for integrating blue carbon?: Content analysis of local coastal management plans in the Philippines (in press) 招待有り 査読有り

    Jay Mar, D. Quevedo, Yuta Uchiyama, Ryo Kohsaka

    Coastal Management     2021年3月

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    担当区分:最終著者, 責任著者  

  51. Local perceptions of blue carbon ecosystem infrastructures in Panay Island, Philippines (in press) 査読有り

    Jay Mar, D. Quevedo, Yuta Uchiyama, Ryo Kohsaka

    Coastal Engineering Journal     2021年2月

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    担当区分:最終著者, 責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Nature-based solutions (NbS) address socio-environmental challenges by sustainably managing natural resources that offer and support the delivery of various ecosystem services. NbS can integrate locally-relevant options for maintaining ecosystems, thus, encourages the participation of local stakeholders. For instance, mangroves also referred to as “blue carbon ecosystem infrastructures” (BCEIs), are being reforested by local stakeholders in coastal zones because of their valuable role in coastal protection and, increasingly, for their contribution to global carbon sequestration.Effectiveness of built infrastructures decreases over time and cannot adapt to changing coastal conditions, thus, there is a shift from engineered solutions towards more nature-based solutions (NbS). In coastal regions, mangroves as so-called “blue carbon ecosystem infrastructures” (BCEIs) are valued for their protection services and increasingly, for their role in climate change mitigation. In this study, two effective mangrove eco-parks in Panay Island, Philippines were examined using perception surveys to (1) offer empirical evidence of the impacts of well-implemented BCEIs, (2) obtain conceptual implications of NbS, and (3) provide practical prospects for BCEI applications in the country. Results show that 51-65% of the respondents who utilize the mangrove eco-parks have higher awareness with a weighted mean ranging from 3.49 to 4.78 compared to people who did not use it (2.84-4.17), suggesting eco-parks can promote mangrove awareness. Locals’ utilization patterns of provisioning and cultural services of the eco-parks indicate that mangroves can be a valuable income source. Engaging the residents in the management of the eco-parks boosts their participation in activities like mangrove planting (50-73% of the respondents) and willingness to lead (72-76% of the respondents) in the management. The mutualistic relationship between locals and mangroves observed in this study implies the positive effect of BCEI in the country particularly on people’s well-being, coastal protection, and climate change mitigation if implemented and maintained successfully.

  52. Evaluating plant genetic diversity maintained by local farmers and residents: A comprehensive assessment of continuous vegetable cultivation and seed-saving activities on a regional scale in Japan 査読有り

    Mitsuyuki Tomiyoshi, Yuta Uchiyama, Ryo Kohsaka

    The International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food   26 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 111 - 142   2020年12月

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    担当区分:最終著者, 責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The practice of saving seeds from local varieties of crops and vegetables is integral for preserving agricultural biodiversity. After reviewing the current (1) seed saving activities practiced worldwide, (2) agricultural industry and farmer behaviour in Japan, and (3) seed system used in Japan, we conducted a survey to determine methods for the cultivation of homegrown seeds on a regional scale. Questionnaires were mailed to 7,068 families (including full-time and part-time farmers and home gardeners) in the Noto Peninsula, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan, and 1,662 responses were obtained. We found that a majority of the respondents purchased seeds; however, some seeds were grown locally, and were mostly homegrown. Contrary to general expectations, the economic incentive (“good market price”) played an insignificant role in crop cultivation continuity.
    Cluster analysis resulted in four groups of crops, according to the rate of on-farm seed saving and changes in cultivation over a 30-year period. Certain crops, such as soybean and azuki bean, were frequently grown using on-farm produced seeds. Different conservation strategies were required for crops in each cluster due to their unique characteristics. Our data form the basis for promoting diversity and local crop cultivation by farmers in industrialized countries.

    添付ファイル: FINAL KOHSAKA.pdf

  53. Sustainable Development Utilizing Local Agricultural Resources: A Network Analysis of Interorganizational Collaborations in Tsuruoka, Noto, and Aso in Japan 査読有り

    Sotaro Inoue, Noriko Ito, Yuta Uchiyama, Ryo Kohsaka

    Japanese Journal of Agricultural Economics   22 巻   頁: 95 - 100   2020年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  54. 地域振興における多様な組織の連携構造 -鶴岡市における社会ネットワーク分析- 査読有り

    井上荘太朗, 伊藤紀子, 高橋克也, 市川容子, 香坂玲, 内山愉太

    農業経営研究   57 巻 ( 4 ) 頁: 19 - 24   2020年1月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  55. SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production – Potential Benefits and Impacts on Forests and Livelihoods 査読有り

    Patrick Schröder, Alexander S. Antonarakis, Jana Brauer, Abu Conteh, Ryo Kohsaka, Yuta Uchiyama, Pablo Pacheco

    Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People     頁: 386   2019年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Cambridge University Press  

    DOI: 10.1017/9781108765015.014

  56. Geographical Indications and Regional Trade Agreements: Facilitating International Partnerships for Sustainable Development 査読有り

    Ryo Kohsaka, Yuta Uchiyama

    Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals     頁: 1   2019年5月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer International Publishing  

    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-71067-9_15-1

  57. Traditional and Local Knowledge for Sustainable Development: Empowering the Indigenous and Local Communities of the World 査読有り

    Ryo Kohsaka, Marie Rogel

    Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals     頁: 1   2019年5月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer International Publishing  

    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-71067-9_17-1

  58. 過疎化・人口減の縮小社会における 伝統的生態学的知識の喪失とイノベーション 招待有り 査読有り

    香坂玲, 内山愉太, 田代藍

    日本健康学会誌   84 巻 ( 6 ) 頁: 214 - 223   2018年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  59. An Analysis of 15 Years of Trends in Children’s Connection with Nature and Its Relationship with Residential Environment. 査読有り

    Imai, H, Nakashizuka T, Kohsaka R

    Ecosystem Health and Sustainability   4 巻 ( 8 ) 頁: 177 - 187   2018年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Informa {UK} Limited  

    DOI: 10.1080/20964129.2018.1511225

  60. Internal Geographical Indication (GI) processes and their effects: An evaluation framework for GI applicants in Japan 査読有り

    Tashiro,A, Uchiyama,Y, Kohsaka,R

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   5 巻 ( 3 ) 頁: 202 - 210   2018年8月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jef.2018.07.004

  61. Addressing Maladaptive Coping Strategies of Local Communities to Changes in Ecosystem Service Provisions Using the DPSIR Framework 査読有り

    Makoto Ehara, Kimihiko Hyakumura, Ren'ya Sato, Kiyoshi Kurosawa, Kunio Araya, Heng Sokh, Ryo Kohsaka

    Ecological Economics   149 巻   頁: 226 - 238   2018年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier B.V.  

    The Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework has been applied to various environmental problems at multiple spatial and temporal scales and attempts have been made to conceptually improve the framework to encompass various stakeholder perspectives. However, recent literature experiences in the field have challenged the inclusive character of the framework applications. In particular, the framework's inability to incorporate the aggregated informal responses of people affected by changes in ecosystem service provisions has not been fully addressed. This limits the framework's validity in categorizing and disseminating information for addressing particular environmental challenges. Herein, we address this problem by analyzing a case study of deforestation and its impact on non-timber forest product collections by rural residents in Cambodia. We incorporate the concept of maladaptive coping strategies into the DPSIR framework and then further elaborate Ness et al.'s (2010) approach of merging the DPSIR framework with Hägerstrand's (2001) system of nested spatial domains. This conceptualizes the incorporation of the aggregated informal responses into the system, as exemplified in the case study.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.03.008

    Scopus

  62. Sustainable Tourism Managements with Regional Designations and Geographical Indications: Experience from Rural Areas in Japan 査読有り

    R Kohsaka, Y Uchiyama, A Tashiro, MS Park

    The 86th TOSOK Daejeon International Tourism Conference Paper   83 巻   頁: 542 - 545   2018年6月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)  

  63. Marine Circular Economy towards Post-Disaster Reconstruction for Sustainability: Experiences in a Small Coastal Town of Northeast Japan 査読有り

    Tashiro,A, Uchiyama,Y, Kohsaka,R

    European Journal of Sustainable Development   7 巻 ( 3 ) 頁: 81 - 89   2018年5月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    その他リンク: https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/issue/view/31/showToc

  64. Public perception and expectations of biomimetics technology: Empirical survey of museum visitors in Japan 査読有り

    Kohsaka,R, Fujihira,Y, Uchiyama,Y, Kajima,S, Nomura,S, Ebinger,F

    The Museum Journal   60 巻 ( 4 ) 頁: 427 - 444   2018年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1111/cura.12246

  65. Fostering biocultural diversity in landscapes through place-based food networks: a "solution scan" of European and Japanese models.

    Plieninger T, Kohsaka R, Bieling C, Hashimoto S, Kamiyama C, Kizos T, Penker M, Kieninger P, Shaw BJ, Sioen GB, Yoshida Y, Saito O

    Sustainability science   13 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 219-233   2018年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1007/s11625-017-0455-z

    PubMed

  66. Apiculture knowledge transmission in a changing world: Can family-owned knowledge be opened? 査読有り

    Yuta Uchiyama, Hikaru Matsuoka, Ryo Kohsaka

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   4 巻 ( 4 ) 頁: 262 - 267   2017年12月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier B.V.  

    Background: Ecosystem services of pollinators have been gaining importance, as mentioned in the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services thematic report on pollination in 2016. Apart from wild bees, human interventions including apiculture can contribute to management of ecosystem services. Ecological and local knowledge of management is transmitted through various processes, varying in content and quality. Methods: We analyzed the processes of knowledge transmission, beekeeping productivity, and their interactions with each other. The study was conducted in the Nagano Prefecture, Japan, where the largest quantity of bee honey is produced nationally. Beekeeping knowledge in Nagano is transmitted through different information channels, including families, friends, and books. We categorized the beekeepers based on their information channels. The relationship between productivity of beekeeping and information channels was also analyzed. Results: It was identified that beekeepers who obtained their knowledge from their parents had relatively large number of bee colonies. Furthermore, we observed by interviews with them that they tended to understand the importance of ecological conditions for sustainable beekeeping. Conclusion: The results implied a challenge to open the knowledge transmission channels beyond families, potentially transforming the knowledge from tacit knowledge among limited members to an explicit manualized knowledge in an aging society.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jef.2017.09.002

    Scopus

  67. Tradition and Japanese vegetables: history, locality, geography, and discursive ambiguity 査読有り

    Yuta Uchiyama, Yoshinori Fujihira, Hikaru Matsuoka, Ryo Kohsaka

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   4 巻 ( 3 ) 頁: 198 - 203   2017年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier B.V.  

    Background Traditional vegetables are produced and consumed throughout Japan. Individual vegetables, including Kyo vegetables and Kaga vegetables, are individually defined with their own criteria for history and quality standards and are registered in their respective regions. Several traditional vegetables are utilized as symbols of regional revitalization. For example, Kaga vegetables are tourist attractions, and Noto vegetables are promoted in the Noto region and were registered under the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS). Methods We will review the distribution, public standards, and definitions of dento-yasai, traditional Japanese vegetables. Quantitative analysis on the status of the branding of traditional vegetables will be conducted. Results First, the ambiguity and distribution of traditional vegetables are demonstrated. Next, as a case study, the results of a quantitative analysis of Kaga vegetables and Noto vegetables are provided. Kaga vegetables have their own quality standards and definition, and producers have acknowledged the positive impact of the regional certification, GIAHS, on the amount sold. However, a social conflict has been caused by their standards and definition. On the other hand, Noto vegetables do not have a strict quality standard, and they were registered relatively recently. Because of their comparatively lax standard, producers could not acknowledge the positive impacts of GIAHS certification. Conclusion Origins of traditional Japanese vegetables and relationships with their regions have innumerable ambiguous points. The results of the analysis of two types of traditional vegetables show that quality standards and definitions strongly influence branding and brand management.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jef.2017.08.004

    Scopus

  68. Beekeeping and honey production in Japan and South Korea: past and present 査読有り

    Ryo Kohsaka, Mi Sun Park, Yuta Uchiyama

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   4 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 72 - 79   2017年6月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier B.V.  

    Background Bee honey is a main ingredient in traditional food culture in different regions of the world. Honey is widely utilized as an ethnic food item. Methods This paper analyzes the historical and present status of beekeeping and honey production in Japan and South Korea based on the relevant literature and statistical data. Results The findings reveal that Western honeybees are dominant in the two countries for economic and physical reasons. Honey production has declined and the amount of imported honey has increased in Japan and South Korea. The domestic and global honey markets closely influence reciprocally. Furthermore, urban beekeeping has emerged in these two countries as a hobby and an industry
    it contributes to producing domestic honey and enhances the quality of the environment. Conclusion To ensure sustainable forestry and conserve biodiversity, native beekeeping is necessary. This paper provides insight into beekeeping and honey production in Japan and South Korea.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jef.2017.05.002

    Scopus

    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6822-4340

  69. Expectations of residents and tourists of agriculture-related certification systems: analysis of public perceptions 査読有り

    Yuta Uchiyama, Yushi Tanaka, Hikaru Matsuoka, Ryo Kohsaka

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   4 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 110 - 117   2017年6月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier B.V.  

    Background To reveal the level of recognition of regional and product certifications related to agriculture, an analysis of the official minutes of assemblies and the perceptions of tourists was conducted. This is one of the first attempts to combine analysis of residents and tourists at the product level (Geographical Indications, trademarks) and landscape level (registration under Food and Agricultural Organization [FAO] or United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization [UNESCO]-related certification systems). Methods The research sites were Itoigawa and Sado, two municipalities in Niigata prefecture. The former is certified as a Global Geopark, and the latter as a National Geopark and Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS). The text-mining approach was conducted to analyze the official minutes of the municipal assemblies, and the questionnaire survey was conducted to identify the recognition of tourists on the certifications. Results The results of the analysis of assemblies and tourists provide issues and possibilities of the certification systems. Tourists' recognition of the GIAHS and its weighting in the assemblies are relatively low. Residents and tourists have different expectations for regional certification. Residents expect education, while tourists expect tourism. Conclusion It is necessary to evaluate the GIAHS's contribution to tourism and industry when municipalities and international organizations manage the GIAHS sites. Considering the gaps between residents and tourists and taking measures to resolve them can contribute to managing certificated areas by collaboration of stakeholders. Regarding products aimed at branding, consumers need to be informed about the GIAHS as a regional certification in addition to product certification to share the historical and environmental characteristics of agricultural products.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jef.2017.05.003

    Scopus

    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6822-4340

  70. Do historical production practices and culinary heritages really matter? Food with protected geographical indications in Japan and Austria 査読有り

    Katharina Gugerell, Yuta Uchiyama, Pia R. Kieninger, Marianne Penker, Shuichiro Kajima, Ryo Kohsaka

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   4 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 118 - 125   2017年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier B.V.  

    Background Geographical indications (GIs) are collective intellectual property rights that protect food and other products uniquely linked to the production area, local geophysical conditions, and traditions, namely, with the terroir. Thus, GIs can contribute to the transmission and retention of culinary heritages and historical production practices. Methods Based on an analysis of application documents, we compare the historical linkages of all the Japanese and Austrian GI products. Although more than half of the Japanese applications refer to historical roots in the 20th century, the median of the Austrian GI linkages is in the 17th century. To closely examine these GI linkages, and to better understand their relevance to current cultivation practices, we compared three Japanese cases with roots of diverging depth to the first Austrian GI regarding motivations, geographical and historical linkages, and current cultivation practices and governance. Results The comparison found that all four products refer to the historical roots of the product name, the product varieties, or cultivation techniques. However, deeper roots did not automatically translate into higher priorities of protecting these historical linkages. The four in-depth case studies found that historic provenance and traditional production methods, although prominently highlighted in the official GI documents of all four GIs, were eclipsed by commercial motivations for GI protection and/or current production practices. In the cases analyzed, we found some potential mismatches between GI historical claims in registration documents and actual GI cultivation and GI management practices. Conclusions We conclude that our four GI cases do not represent “museums of production” or overly fixed perceptions of history. However, the collective action of the producer group has resulted in dynamic local cultivation practices without restricting innovation. The GI status has rather resulted in the protection of local farmers' collective action and old varieties than in the protection of old production methods.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jef.2017.05.001

    Scopus

    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6822-4340

  71. Public recognition of traditional vegetables at the municipal level: Implications for transgenerational knowledge transmission 査読有り

    Yuta Uchiyama, Hikaru Matsuoka, Ryo Kohsaka

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   4 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 94 - 102   2017年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier B.V.  

    Background In this paper, recognition of traditional agricultural products by the general public is presented and analyzed to explore the transgenerational aspects of traditional vegetables and their knowledge transfer. It is necessary to understand how the products are recognized by different generations and gender, in terms of retaining and branding the local products. Methods A questionnaire survey with random sampling was conducted to identify the recognition of traditional vegetables including the Kaga and Noto vegetables in Komatsu City, Ishikawa Prefecture. By understanding the degree of recognition, elaborating strategic plans for retention of traditional agricultural products and effective promotion of the products can be implemented. Results The results from 149 respondents indicate that there are differences of recognition depending on their gender or age. In particular, young people obtain information on traditional vegetables mainly from TV, whereas older people gain information from newspapers. Furthermore, more than half of the Kaga vegetables are better recognized among the older generation. Conclusion The analysis of this paper serves as the basis to capture the cultural importance, or to develop branding strategy as the results clarify the degree of recognition of residents and tourists from various generations. As the population has been aging, transmitting knowledge about the products to young people who have less knowledge is the urgent issue.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jef.2017.05.007

    Scopus

    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6822-4340

  72. The myth of washoku: a twisted discourse on the “uniqueness” of national food heritages 査読有り

    Kohsaka, R

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   4 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 66 - 71   2017年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jef.2017.05.004

    Scopus

    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6822-4340

  73. Japanese s ake and evolution of technology: A comparative view with wine and its implications for regional branding and tourism 査読有り

    Jun Sato, Ryo Kohsaka

    Journal of Ethnic Foods   4 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 88 - 93   2017年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jef.2017.05.005

    Scopus

    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6822-4340

  74. Shifting paradigms in ecosystem based approach : An case of forest fire history in United States and the science policy interface of them 査読有り

    Kohsaka Ryo, Huntsinger Lynn, Mori Akira, Uchiyama Yuta

    Kurume University business research review   2 巻   頁: 75 - 89   2017年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    添付ファイル: bijinesu2_75-89.pdf

  75. 日本における生態系サービス直接支払の活用に向けた基礎的考察 : 農地と森林への活用に向けて 利用 査読有り

    内山 愉太, 木本祥太, 香坂玲

    久留米大学ビジネス研究   2 巻   頁: 51 - 60   2017年3月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    添付ファイル: bijinesu2_51-60.pdf

  76. 地方都市における森林管理行動の要因分析 : 市内在住・市外在住者の森林管理に着目して 査読有り

    梶間 周一郎, 織田 佑規, 内山, 愉太, 香坂 玲

    久留米大学ビジネス研究   2 巻   頁: 61 - 74   2017年3月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    添付ファイル: bijinesu2_61-74.pdf

  77. 温浴施設での薪ボイラー導入における運用実態―木質バイオマスの小規模熱利用が地域に与える影響とは 査読有り

    風聡一郎, 梶間周一郎, 内山愉太, 香坂玲

    日本森林学会誌   99 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 18 - 23   2017年2月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.4005/jjfs.99.18

  78. Fostering cooperation between farmers and public and private actors to expand environmentally friendly rice cultivation: intermediary functions and farmers’ perspectives 査読有り

    Kishioka, T., Hashimoto, S., Nishi, M., Saito, O., Kohsaka, R.

    International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability   15 巻 ( 5 ) 頁: 593 - 612   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Taylor & Francis  

    DOI: 10.1080/14735903.2017.1374321

    Scopus

  79. Motivation, Strategy and Challenges of Conserving Urban Biodiversity in Local Contexts: Cases of 12 Municipalities in Ishikawa, Japan 査読有り

    Ryo Kohsaka, Yuta Uchiyama

    Procedia Engineering   198 巻 ( 198 ) 頁: 212 - 218   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier Ltd  

    Capturing the status, trends, and relationships in biodiversity and urbanization is a multi-dimensional challenge for scientists and policy-makers alike. An indicator, the City Biodiversity Index (CBI), was developed as a self-assessment tool to measure trends in urban contexts in three spheres: biodiversity, ecosystems, and governance. Its primary focus is "green," but it further encompasses social and economic aspects to measure the sustainability of a city. The indicators can be used to visualize trends and translate scientific assessments into policy. Since 2008, 25 cities voluntarily applied the CBI. In Asia, Japan applied certain components of the CBI to 665 municipalities in 2016 in one of the first large-scale applications at national level. Regarding data visualization methods, the city of Helsinki, for example, has a website to visualize environmental information on biodiversity. The aim of this paper is to identify the practical and scientific challenges in conservation of biodiversity in medium to small cities based on a questionnaire survey. The research site is Ishikawa prefecture, which comprises municipalities in the target sizes. The survey shows that certain terms were difficult to understand conceptually, particularly "ecosystem services." The lack of monitoring and available datasets posed a number of difficulties for applying the index to the majority of cities. A method to evaluate biodiversity and ecosystem services has not yet been established. These technical difficulties are complicated with administrative and financial issues as well as human resources, issues shared by the municipalities. Based on our survey results, recommended activities are discussed.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.085

    Scopus

  80. 能登半島の事例にみる農具の再利用とストック~静的な「遺物」から動的な「生きた遺産」へ~ 査読有り

    川邊咲子, 香坂玲, 松岡光, 内山愉太

    エコミュージアム研究   ( 21 ) 頁: 40 - 48   2017年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  81. 山村地域における薪ボイラー導入の効果と課題ー三市町村の事例分析よりー 査読有り

    風総一郎, 梶間周一郎, 内山愉太, 香坂玲

    林業経済研究   63 巻 ( 3 ) 頁: 74 - 81   2017年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.20818/jfe.63.3_74

  82. 国際森林政策と科学政策インターフェース:CBDと IPBESにおける在来知・伝統的知識の扱いと利益配分をめぐる議論より 査読有り

    香坂 玲, 長坂 健司, 梶間 周一郎, 内山 愉太

    日本森林学会大会発表データベース   128 巻 ( 0 ) 頁: 2 - 2   2017年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:日本森林学会  

    <p>The role of science policy interface in forest and biodiversity conservation is reviewed. Historically, the role of scientific knowledge was limited by the politics or the national-interests-driven international negotiation process such as the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development or the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) (Kohsaka, 2008; Koetz, 2008). To overcome such difficulties, intergovernmental science-policy platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services (IPBES) was established, similar to the structure of the (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It is identified that IPBES differs from IPCC in that it reflects the nature of scale dependent nature of biodiversity and different knowledge systems including indigenous and local knowledges (ILK). Access and Benefiting Sharing (ABS) from the genetic resources is the key in sustainability.</p>

    DOI: 10.11519/jfsc.128.0_2

    CiNii Article

  83. The governance of geographical indications Experiences of practical implementation of selected case studies in Austria, Italy, Greece and Japan 査読有り

    Thanasis Kizos, Ryo Koshaka, Marianne Penker, Cinzia Piatti, Christian Reinhard Vogl, Yuta Uchiyama

    BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL   119 巻 ( 12 ) 頁: 2863 - 2879   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LTD  

    Purpose - Place-based foodstuffs have gained salience in markets worldwide and geographical indication (GI) products are prominent examples. The purpose of this paper is to focus on the governance (formal and informal institutions) of the European and Japanese GI schemes, discuss the variety of procedures of implementing the features of the governance system (inclusion and exclusion of actors) for six GI cases and reflect on future GI governance.
    Design/methodology/approach - The criteria for assessing the six cases were descriptive and analytical and the information and data come from official documents, literature (scientific and "grey"), interviews, observations and personal communications with key-informants of the GI systems. Three of the cases are categorized as "failures" and are included to provide more insights on the diverse dynamics of GI systems.
    Findings - Registration of GIs seems to be a process rather than a single step, requesting coordination and consensus and an interplay between internal and external actors. "Success" and "failure" are relative and related to self-governance processes and the openness of the social system of the GI to establish transparency on inclusion and exclusion. GI systems require constant management and re-definition of production quality or geographical boundaries to adapt to market, climate or technological change.
    Originality/value - The paper introduces GI systems categorized as "failures" (either products that did not register as GIs in the end or did register but failed to keep the registration) which provides more insights on how to design and manage complex GI systems.

    DOI: 10.1108/BFJ-01-2017-0037

    Web of Science

  84. Spatio-temporal Analysis of Biodiversity, Land-use Mix and Human Population in a Socio-ecological Production Landscape: A Case Study in the Hokuriku Region, Japan 招待有り 査読有り

    Yuta Uchiyama, Ryo Kohsaka

    Procedia Engineering   198 巻 ( 198 ) 頁: 219 - 226   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier Ltd  

    In the development of City Biodiversity Index (CBI) database, it was necessary to overcome technical challenges, including the collection of information for biological indicators. To overcome the lack of data, methods to utilize land-use data have been developed. For example, distribution and abundance of species correlate with the degree of land-use mix. The research site, the Hokuriku region of Japan, has a developed Satoyama, a socio-ecological production landscape based on mixed land use. A part of the region, Noto, has been designated as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) site in 2011 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). We found it is necessary to consider the biological type in order to refer to land-use mix as an indicator of biodiversity because the diversity of some species had a negative correlation with degree of land-use mix. We also determined that some species were correlated with land use changes over time. By applying the methods developed in this study to other Monsoon Asian regions with rapid population increases, it might be possible to develop a database as a platform for sharing the findings and knowledge to implement the conservation of biodiversity under changing conditions of land use and human population size.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.086

    Scopus

▼全件表示

書籍等出版物 8

  1. 有機農業で変わる食と暮らし : ヨーロッパの現場から

    香坂 玲, 石井 圭一

    岩波書店  2021年  ( ISBN:9784002710440

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  2. 縮小する日本社会 : 危機後の新しい豊かさを求めて

    香坂 玲, 佐藤 洋一郎

    勉誠出版  2019年  ( ISBN:9784585243021

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  3. 企業の森林 CSR/CSV

    香坂 玲, 梶間周一郎( 担当: 共著 ,  範囲: pp.572-73)

    丸善出版株式会社 / 日本森林学会 編  2021年1月 

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    総ページ数:694   担当ページ:572-73   記述言語:日本語 著書種別:事典・辞書

  4. 第5章 生物多様性とバイオミメティクス

    内山愉太, 香坂玲( 担当: 共著 ,  範囲: バイオミメティクス・エコミメティクス―持続可能な循環型社会へ導く技術革新のヒント― 第Ⅰ編 総論 第5章)

    シーエムシー出版  2021年1月 

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    記述言語:日本語

  5. 縮小する日本社会 危機後の新しい豊かさを求めて (生命科学と現代社会)

    香坂玲( 担当: 編集 ,  範囲: 編集 はじめにー縮小と豊かさの萌芽 執筆)

    勉誠出版  2019年10月 

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    記述言語:英語 著書種別:事典・辞書

  6. 第6章 地域資源・産品の知識から考える縮小とその共有化と継承への課題

    香坂 玲( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: 6章執筆 (p212-241) (書籍 縮小する日本社会))

    勉誠社  2019年10月 

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    記述言語:英語 著書種別:事典・辞書

  7. Trends and Characteristics of Biomimetic Technology : Towards Social Implementation

    Fujihira, Y, Uchiyama, Y, Kohsaka, R( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp.340-374)

    PAN STANFORD PUBLISHING  2019年2月  ( ISBN:9789814774628

     詳細を見る

    総ページ数:423   担当ページ:340-374   記述言語:英語 著書種別:事典・辞書

  8. 地球規模生物多様性概況 = Global biodiversity outlook

    香坂, 玲, 生物多様性条約事務局( 担当: 分担執筆)

    環境省(製作) 

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    総ページ数:2冊   記述言語:日本語 著書種別:事典・辞書

    CiNii Books

▼全件表示

MISC 13

  1. 林業動静年報 林政編 市町村の森林環境譲与税活用の動向ー生産・利用と環境保全の両立とその合意形成に向けた五市区の模索ー

    内山愉太; 香坂玲  

    山林 ( 1647 ) 頁: 62 - 70   2021年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:記事・総説・解説・論説等(商業誌、新聞、ウェブメディア)  

  2. [論考]生物多様性の地域戦略を島々の振興に

    香坂 玲  

    季刊しま ( 266 ) 頁: 62 - 69   2021年6月

  3. 「科学と政治の距離」の行方 ―新型コロナウイルスワンヘルス・アプローチ

    香坂 玲  

    石川自治と教育2021年春号3・4月 巻 ( 725 ) 頁: 13 - 22   2021年3月

  4. 生物多様性条約、COP10からの10年とこれからの地方自治体

    香坂玲  

    環境と正義3/4 巻 ( 217 ) 頁: 24 - 25   2021年2月

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    担当区分:筆頭著者   記述言語:日本語  

  5. SDGsを具現化するための生物多様性地域戦略 〜理解から実行へ〜 招待有り

    香坂玲  

    月刊 地方議会人 特集 市町村議員のためのSDGs入門51 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 12 - 17   2021年2月

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    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:記事・総説・解説・論説等(商業誌、新聞、ウェブメディア)   出版者・発行元:全国町村議会議長会・全国市議会議長会 株式会社中央文化社  

  6. 生物多様性地域戦略と自治体 ~ 次期国家戦略とローカルな実践

    香坂 玲  

    月刊自治研 特集「生物多様性を守る」62 巻 ( 735 ) 頁: 25 - 33   2020年12月

  7. 生態系サービスと「自然がもたらすもの」(NCP)をめぐる人と自然の関係性: グローバルな科学政策インターフェースのとしてのIPBESを事例に

    香坂玲 , 内山愉太 , 江原誠  

    社会と倫理35 巻   頁: 21 - 37   2020年12月

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    出版者・発行元:南山大学社会倫理研究所  

  8. 不確実な時代における科学と政治・政策の対話:生物多様性・生態系サービスから考える

    香坂 玲  

    環境管理 特集 生物多様性問題の現状と課題56 巻 ( 9 ) 頁: 40 - 44   2020年9月

  9. 書評 水野祥子著 「エコロジーの世紀と植民地科学者:イギリス帝国・開発・環境」

    香坂 玲  

    日本森林学会誌102 巻 ( 4 ) 頁: 277 - 278   2020年8月

  10. レジリエンス ─都市の復元力

    香坂 玲  

    City & Life129 巻   頁: 5 - 7   2020年8月

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    出版者・発行元:一般財団法人 第一生命財団  

  11. 森林環境譲与税を介した都市-農山村連携

    香坂 玲 , 大澤 太郎 , 内山 愉太  

    日本森林学会誌102 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 127 - 132   2020年4月

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  12. 書評 柴田 晋吾著「環境にお金を払う仕組み PES(生態系サービスへの支払い)が分かる本」

    香坂 玲  

    環境経済・政策研究13 巻 ( 1 ) 頁: 86 - 88   2020年3月

  13. ポスト2020目標と生物多様性及び生態系サービスに関する政府間科学-政策プラットフォーム(IPBES)の役割

    香坂 玲  

    Wildlife Forum 「野生生物と社会」学会 野生動物井戸端会議24 巻 ( 2 ) 頁: 31 - 33   2020年3月

▼全件表示

講演・口頭発表等 35

  1. Local perception as a scientific evidence for managing blue carbon ecosystems for climate mitigation and adaptation 招待有り 国際共著 国際会議

    Ryo Kohsaka; Jay Mar D. Quevedo; Kevin Muhamad Lukman; Yuta Uchiyama

    気候変動枠組条約(UNFCCC)科学上及び技術上の助言に関する補助機関(SBSTA) 第13回 Research Dialogue Theme 2: Resilience for and by nature: Building knowledge and understanding to weave the protection and restoration of nature into decision making on mitigation and adaptation  2021年6月2日  気候変動枠組条約

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    開催年月日: 2021年6月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:ポスター発表  

    開催地:ドイツ事務局 (オンライン)   国名:ドイツ連邦共和国  

    その他リンク: https://unfccc.int/event/thirteenth-meeting-of-the-research-dialogue?fbclid=IwAR3tQPi6_vrW55-e2SJZW0MYSuK2MPlhlPbM3ypj2EWIn4w-iK0Ez8SAnug

  2. 森林環境譲与税を活用した都道府県による市町村支援の概況と課題

    香坂玲 , 内山愉太

    第132回日本森林学会大会  2021年3月23日  日本森林学会

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    開催年月日: 2021年3月

    記述言語:日本語  

    開催地:東京農工大学  

  3. 愛知・名古屋から考える農林業のテロワール・土地利用

    香坂玲

    環境共生・環境創造 講演会 環境創造研究センター  2021年3月22日  環境創造研究センター

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    開催年月日: 2021年3月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

    開催地:ウィンクあいち 1107  

  4. 生物多様性SDGs と私たち ~10年をふりかえり、SDGs達成、自然共生社会の構築へ 招待有り

    香坂玲

    経団連自然保護協議会 生物多様性民間参画パートナーシップ 第9回会員会合企画  2021年2月18日 

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    開催年月日: 2021年2月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:公開講演,セミナー,チュートリアル,講習,講義等  

  5. 里山・有機農業がもたらす生物多様性 招待有り

    香坂玲, 内山愉太, 三宅良尚

    なごや環境大学 共育講座  2021年2月8日 

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    開催年月日: 2021年2月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:公開講演,セミナー,チュートリアル,講習,講義等  

  6. プロジェクト紹介 農林業生産と環境保全を両立する政策の推進に向けた合意形成 手法の開発と実践

    香坂玲

    名古屋大学フューチャー・アース研究センター ウェビナー2020 森と地域を舞台に、フューチャー・アース  2020年12月22日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年12月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:公開講演,セミナー,チュートリアル,講習,講義等  

  7. 生物多様性、遺伝資源の保全と伝統的知識の保護・継承 の国内外の動向

    香坂玲, 内山愉太

    日本知財学会 第18回 セッション 知財に関する国際問題 1C7  2020年11月28日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年11月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  8. 生物多様性条約の伝統的知識を巡る概況 招待有り

    香坂玲, 内山愉太, 鈴木睦昭

    企画セッション 遺伝資源と伝統的知識の知的財産の課題と展望 日本学術大会 第18回年次学術研究発表会  2020年11月28日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年11月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  9. Status and Trends of Green Infrastructure

    香坂玲

    グリーンインフラ・都市農業国際ワークショップ  2020年11月4日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年11月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:シンポジウム・ワークショップ パネル(指名)  

  10. 循環型農林水産景観としいたけ栽培の長期的な変遷と価値の(再)発見 気候変動時代の低温品種の戦略 招待有り

    香坂玲, 三宅良尚

    循環型農林水産景観の動的継承に向けて: しいたけ栽培の価値の活用についての熟議型ワークショップ 大分県・国東市  2020年10月23日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年10月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:公開講演,セミナー,チュートリアル,講習,講義等  

  11. グリーンインフラとコロナ禍での行動変容 招待有り

    内山愉太, 香坂 玲

    第3回研究連携オンラインセミナー 名古屋大学大学院 環境学研究科 減災連携研究センター  2020年9月11日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年9月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  12. The comparative analysis of the expansion of organic agriculture and the preservation of commons in Japan and Europe through convention theory

    Yoshitaka Miyake, Yuta Uchiyama, Ryo Kohsaka

    IASC-RIHN ONLINE WORKSHOP ON COMMONS, POST-DEVELOPMENT AND DEGROWTH IN ASIA  2020年7月21日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年7月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  13. Transmission of traditional knowledge as multi-scale commons with geographical boundaries: Use of geographical indications and application of convention theory

    Ryo Kohsaka, Yuta Uchiyama, Yoshitaka Miyake, Yoshiaki Nishikawa, Kazuo Watanabe

    IASC-RIHN ONLINE WORKSHOP ON COMMONS, POST-DEVELOPMENT AND DEGROWTH IN ASIA  2020年7月21日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年7月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  14. 生物多様性保全の国際動向と環境教育への 示唆:伝統野菜による教育実践の枠組みの 考察から 招待有り

    香坂玲

    日本環境教育学会 関東支部総会 (オンライン)  2020年6月28日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年6月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  15. 国際指標から考える相乗効果とトレード・オフ:持続可能な開発目標・生物多様性保全の達成に向けて 招待有り

    香坂玲

    公開シンポジウム 「人と森とSDGs 東アジアからの報告」 (新型コロナウィルス対策のため中止)  2020年3月28日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年3月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  16. 森林環境譲与税を活用した都市・農山村連携の萌芽:秩父市と豊島区の事例

    内山愉太, 香坂玲

    第131回日本森林学会大会 企画セッション S4 森林環境譲与税と森林経営管理制度(新型コロナウィルス予防のため中止)  2020年3月27日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年3月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  17. 趣旨説明 企画セッション S4 森林環境譲与税と森林経営管理制度

    香坂玲

    第131回日本森林学会大会 (新型コロナウィルス対策のため中止)  2020年3月27日 

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    開催年月日: 2020年3月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  18. 森林環境譲与税の活用の方向性に関する試論:47都道府県を対象として

    香坂玲, 内山愉太

    第131回日本森林学会大会 企画セッション S4 森林環境譲与税と 森林経営管理制度(新型コロナウィルス対策のため中止)  2020年3月27日 

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2020年3月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  19. Facilitating rural development and sustainability with GI: From tradition, to environment with products, to place-based GIAHS registration 招待有り 国際会議

    Kohsaka, R., Miyake Y. (Nagoya Univ.), Uchiyama Y,

    From local to global, the challenge of Geographical Indications: International and Japanese perspectives  2020年2月21日  名古屋大学教養教育院

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2020年2月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

    開催地:【共催】名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科社会環境学専攻、  名古屋大学高等研究院  

    添付ファイル: GI-symposium-Abstracts.pdf

  20. グローバル行政ネットワークと科学と政策の対話に向けた課題:IPBES・生物多様性条約の現場から 招待有り 国際会議

    香坂玲

    「グローバル行政ネットワークと国際機関:地球と共生するためのガバナンスの在り方を模索して 【主催】 日本学術会議政治学委員会国際政治分科会 【共催】 名古屋大学環境学研究科、国立環境研究所  2020年2月16日 

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2020年2月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  21. 2020年 愛知・なごや から考える生物多様性の未来:生物多様性条約とIPBESに関わる最新の動向から 招待有り 国際会議

    香坂玲

    2019年度環境カウンセラー研修(中部地区)【主催】NPO法人環境カウンセラー全国連合会 【委託】環境省中部地方環境事務所  2020年2月12日 

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2020年2月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  22. 知財としての自然資本・生物多様性:社会制度の最前線 趣旨説明 招待有り

    香坂 玲

    日本知財学会 第17回年次学術研究発表会  2019年12月7日 

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2019年12月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:シンポジウム・ワークショップ パネル(指名)  

  23. Cross-sector Initiatives: Cases from Geographical Indications 招待有り 国際会議

    香坂 玲

    Science-Policy Dialogues on the Assessment of Biodiversity and Ecosystem services: Southeast Asia & Northeast Asia  2019年10月21日 

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2019年10月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  24. Application of REDD+ scheme for Blue Carbon Ecosystem Management: Potentials and Challenges 国際会議

    Ryo Kohsaka, Yuta Uchiyama, Kaoru Kakinuma, Jay Mar, D. Quevedo, Kevin Muhamad Lukman

    XXV IUFRO World Congress 2019  2019年10月1日 

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2019年9月 - 2019年10月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:ポスター発表  

    開催地:Curitiba, Brazil  

  25. 現場から考えるIPBES :欧州と日本にみる社会変革の萌芽 招待有り

    香坂 玲

    自然共生社会の実現に向けた社会変革 IPBES地球規模評価を踏まえて次期生物多様性世界目標を考える~  2019年12月23日 

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  26. Future Earth 自然資本KAN・IPBES・生物多様性条約の動向から 招待有り

    香坂 玲

    Future Earth 日本サミット 生物多様性分科会  2019年12月19日 

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  27. セッション趣旨説明 森林環境税と森林環境譲与税

    香坂 玲

    林業経済学会2019年秋季大会  2019年11月24日 

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  28. 森林環境譲与税による市町村支援の方向性: 都道府県の動向の概説と都市・農山村連携の萌芽

    香坂玲, 内山 愉太

    林業経済学会2019年秋季大会  2019年11月24日 

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  29. Where is Japanese forest policy going? Forest environment transfer tax scheme and management changes 招待有り 国際会議

    香坂 玲

    公開セミナー ヨーロッパ森林研究所(EFI)ボン大学 開発研究センター(ZEF)  2019年11月13日 

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  30. Sharing traditional knowledge of ethnic foods with Geographical Indications; Cases of vegetables and bee keeping 招待有り 国際会議

    香坂 玲

    2019 JEF International Symposium -Sustainability of Ethnic Foods and Beyond  2019年10月29日 

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    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  31. Spirtual Values of deadwood in different times and cultures (Europe and Asia): Profane or sacred? 招待有り 国際会議

    香坂 玲

    Learning Lab. Spurring INnovations for forest eCosystem sERvices in Europe (SINCERE)  2019年10月14日 

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    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  32. 生物多様性に関わる最新の動向と我が国への示唆:IPBESと生物多様性条約の動向 招待有り

    香坂 玲

    エコイノベーションとエコビジネス(SPEED)に関する研究会  2019年10月12日 

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    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  33. The Link among Biodiversity, Traditional Knowledge, and Intellectual Property Education: Activities with Traditional Vegetables and Native Varieties toward COP15 Kunming 招待有り 国際会議

    香坂 玲

    XTBG Seminar 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园 Chinese Academy of Sciences. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden  2019年9月22日 

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    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(招待・特別)  

  34. Mangrove Forests & Coastal Residents:Understanding the Management and Local Threats in the Municipalities of Eastern Samar and Aklan, Philippines 国際会議

    QUEVEDO M Jay, UCHIYAMA Yuta, KOHSAKA Ryo

    Transforming Approaches to Forests & Forestry through Traditional and Local Knowledges  2019年8月22日 

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    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  35. Transmission of traditional knowledge for production of non-timber forest products: explicit knowledge and Geographical Indication 国際会議

    KOHSAKA Ryo, UCHIYAMA Yuta

    Transforming Approaches to Forests & Forestry through Traditional and Local Knowledges  2019年8月22日 

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    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

▼全件表示

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題 7

  1. 市民科学の応用による里地の生物多様性保全手法の開発:参加型手法による音、画像、環境DNAの活用

    2020年10月 - 2021年9月

  2. 農林業生産と環境保全を両立する政策の推進に向けた合意形成手法の開発と実践

    2020年10月 - 2020年3月

  3. アニマルウェルフェア産品普及のための流通戦略の現状分析と制度設計への示唆

    2020年8月 - 2021年3月

  4. 令和2年度国東半島宇佐地域世界農業遺産調査研究業務

    2020年6月 - 2021年3月

  5. ポスト愛知目標・SDGsにおける各指標の相乗効果・トレードオフの研究 -科学・政策対話と民間参画推進に向けて-

    2020年6月 - 2021年3月

  6. 有機農産物及び食品の生産振興の諸条件の解明: EUの分析と我が国への示唆

    2020年4月 - 2021年3月

  7. コーラル・トライアングルにおけるブルーカーボン生態系とその多面的サービスの包括的評価と保全戦略

    2020年

▼全件表示

科研費 9

  1. 人新世の食の変容と食文化の形成:質と連続性の言説を巡る多世代ソーシャルラーニング

    研究課題/研究課題番号:21K18456  2021年7月 - 2024年3月

    挑戦的研究(萌芽)

    香坂 玲

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    担当区分:研究代表者 

    配分額:6240000円 ( 直接経費:4800000円 、 間接経費:1440000円 )

  2. 農林業生産と環境保全を両立する政策の推進に向けた合意形成手法の開発と実践 国際共著

    研究課題/研究課題番号:JPMJRX20B3  2020年10月 - 2024年3月

    科学技術振興機構(JST)  戦略的創造研究推進事業 科学技術イノベーション政策のための科学 研究開発プログラム  科学技術イノベーション政策のための科学 研究開発プログラム

    香坂玲

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    担当区分:研究代表者  資金種別:競争的資金

  3. 生物多様性に関わる国際認定制度を活用した地方自治体の戦略の定量的比較分析(国際共同研究強化)

    研究課題/研究課題番号:16KK0053  2017年 - 2022年3月

    国際共同研究加速基金(国際共同研究強化)

    香坂 玲

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    担当区分:研究代表者 

    配分額:15080000円 ( 直接経費:11600000円 、 間接経費:3480000円 )

  4. 里山・里海のマネジメントを促す地域圏の解明:当事者意識の向上と都市地域連携

    研究課題/研究課題番号:20K12398  2020年4月 - 2023年3月

    内山 愉太

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    担当区分:研究分担者 

    配分額:3770000円 ( 直接経費:2900000円 、 間接経費:870000円 )

    環境保全やコミュニティの維持・形成等の地域の多様な側面に関わる観光資源としての里山・里海について、少子高齢化の状況下で管理を行うモデルを開発する。具体的には、①居住地域内外の地域及びそこでの里山・里海に対する関心度、関心を持つ理由と、各里山・里海へのアクセス性の関係性を解明し、②各里山・里海について、高い関心を示すアクターの地理的分布パターンを特定する。さらに、③各里山・里海への関心の高いアクターの分布から成る地域圏において管理行動を起こす際の課題と行動を起こすインセンティブを解明する。最終的に、世界農業遺産を含む地域認定制度の活用、研究成果の社会還元を通じて里山・里海の管理モデルを提案する。

  5. 生物多様性保全に関わる国際認定制度の横断的分析:国際-現場連携の課題と自治体戦略

    研究課題/研究課題番号:17K02105  2017年4月 - 2022年3月

    香坂 玲

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    担当区分:研究代表者 

    配分額:4420000円 ( 直接経費:3400000円 、 間接経費:1020000円 )

    本年度は国際共著を含む国際学術誌での論文発表や書籍出版を行った。世界農業遺産を含む地域認定の活用をめぐる地域アクターの連携構造について社会ネットワーク分析の手法を基に解析、地域間比較研究を行い、論文等において成果発表をした。また、地域認定と相乗的に活用し得る産品認証としての地理的表示についても調査研究を実施した。欧州や韓国、中国(中国科学院:Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden)における学会等にて招待講演も行い、若手育成に貢献しつつ、成果の国際発信を実施した。
    科学的発信に加え、IPBESの第一期作業計画の外部評価パネル委員として、国際機関の次元で地球規模での科学的成果のレビューと政策科学のインターフェイスの課題を分析し、成果は国際共著論文としても発表された。地域認定の活用をめぐる地域アクターの連携構造に関する分析では、前年度の調査結果を基に、石川県能登地域、宮城県大崎地域、山形県鶴岡地域等の組織を対象として分析を進め、環境、観光、農業といったセクター別の連携構造の地域毎の特性を解明した。成果は英文及び和文の論文として公表した。
    世界農業遺産等の地域認定と相乗的に活用され得る産品認証としての地理的表示の保護については、林産品を中心に調査分析、論文発表をした。その中で、林産品と食品・農業産品との対比、地域団体商標との比較研究も行なった(Kajima, Uchiyama, Kohsaka 2020)。また、関連して、認定地域の森林マネジメントにも資する制度として森林環境譲与税の調査分析も実施した(香坂・内山 2019; 香坂・大澤・内山 2020)。最終的に15編の査読付き論文(短報含)を発表した。最終年度に向けて、分析結果及び政策提言の取りまとめを進めており、行政、事業者等からフィードバックを得るべく、調査と成果の共有を同時に行っている。
    進捗状況としては、おおむね順調に進展しているといえる。昨年度実施した地域認定制度の活用に関わる地域アクターの調査と基礎的分析を基に解析、補足調査を進め、各認定地域の特性を明らかにすることができた。現場と国際機関の連携を基礎とした認定の持続的活用について、最終年度に提言を取りまとめるべく、対象地域の行政、事業者等からのこれまでの研究成果に対するフィードバックの収集も進めている。コロナウィルス感染症により、年度末より現地調査の実施が困難となったが、ヒアリング調査等については代替手段として、テレビ会議等の方法の検討も進めており、最終的な政策提言の構築を行う準備も行った。
    最終年度においては、各地域における認定活用の戦略への提言を取りまとめる。これまでの調査結果を統合的に分析し、調査対象者へのフィールドバックを継続するとともに、課題として把握された、認定活用や地域資源管理をめぐる知識の伝達経路の調査分析等についても基礎的な調査を行い、将来的な研究枠組みの構築にも着手する。また、調査分析の結果は、学術論文等として取りまとめて発表を行い、国内外の研究者からのフィードバックも得ながら、最終的な提言を構築、発信する。

  6. アジアにおける小規模農業の種子調達メカニズムの持続性評価

    研究課題/研究課題番号:17H04627  2017年4月 - 2021年3月

    西川 芳昭

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    担当区分:研究分担者 

    配分額:15730000円 ( 直接経費:12100000円 、 間接経費:3630000円 )

    本研究は、条件不利地において、農家の種苗調達に関与する多様なアクターとそれらを支え繋ぐ組織・制度に注目し、その社会独自の発展経路の中で構築された種子調達メカニズムと利用されている言説を社会科学を中心に自然科学の側面も踏まえて分析を行ってきた。
    2018年度は、研究対象国であるネパールにおいては、本格調査に先立つ予備調査として、カトマンズ近郊のパンチカール市周辺農村(2018年9月及び2019年1月)及び、辺境地域であるバグルン郡(2018年9月及び2019年3月)において、地域で活動するNGO及び農業普及員と協力し、またNARC関係者の助言を受けて調査方法・対象の検討を実施した。販売・自給の両方を念頭に置いた農民の多様な種苗調達が、必ずしも市場との距離や作目の特徴に左右されず、農家自身の多様な判断基準があることが示唆されたため、今後より詳細の調査を2019年度に実施するための調査手法について検討を行った(2019年3月東京農大)。西欧的分析手法をベースにアジア的な発展論を融合するサブテーマについては、国際的に開発コミュニティで受け入れられていた持続的生計アプローチ(SLA)に関する書籍の翻訳出版(2018年11月)を完成し、参照する指標の整理を行った。
    ネパール以外の参照地域として、ベトナム、ミャンマー、インドにおける調査を他の科研等との協力で実施し、また西欧研究者により知見が形式化されている東南部アフリカ事例としてウガンダのJICAプロジェクトの視察調査を実施し、導入品種の場合に自家採種する仕組みについて整理した。さらに、成果発表に向けて、英国コベントリー大学との連携可能性についての協議を開始した。
    2018年9月のネパール現地調査(本格調査準備)が豪雨による道路状況悪化により、さらに2019年3月の現地調査は積雪による道路閉鎖のため、充分に行えなかった。
    種子の品質の理解に関する従来の研究は、農学から見た改良品種の優位性や、経済学から見た収益性など限られた側面からの評価であった。本研究では、より多面的な定義(例えば地域の文化との整合性や調達のタイミングなど生業全体との相関)を試みており、今後農家にとってのローカルの意味や種子更新の理由について調査方法を含め検討していきたい。さらに、西欧的政治経済発展観ではなく、SLAを意識した内発的発展論の視点での種子システム評価を試み、そのプロセスで英国を含むヨーロッパの研究者との交流を行う。
    現地調査(本格調査)の遅れについては、2018年度までの研究実施の課程で、ネパール農業研究機構との連携が強化され、また現地NGO(環境保全型農業の実施)との情報交換が進んでおり、日本人研究者が本格調査に充分に時間を避けない場合も、一定のデータ収集が可能なように対策を立てる見通しがある。

  7. 政治的及び地理的に隔離された少数民族独自生存圏での植物遺伝資源及び伝統知の賦存

    研究課題/研究課題番号:17H01682  2017年4月 - 2021年3月

    渡邉 和男

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    担当区分:研究分担者 

    配分額:41860000円 ( 直接経費:32200000円 、 間接経費:9660000円 )

  8. 生物多様性に関わる国際認定制度を活用した地方自治体の戦略の定量的比較分析

    研究課題/研究課題番号:26360062  2014年4月 - 2022年3月

    香坂 玲

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    担当区分:研究代表者 

    配分額:4550000円 ( 直接経費:3500000円 、 間接経費:1050000円 )

    能登の世界農業遺産、白山市のエコパーク(MAB)、糸魚川市の世界ジオパーク等の北陸地域での各認定地域の観光戦略に取り組む行政、企業等を対象として調査分析を行った。遺産や保全等の「制度の本来の目的」と、生産者を含む「地元の期待」である産品の価格向上・観光客数の動向を定量的に把握し、その乖離を特定した。そのギャップを克服し、地元のニーズと制度の目的を両立する方策として地域認定に加え、地域の環境、文化と密接に関係する産品レベルでの登録である地理的表示保護制度と地域認定との相乗的活用を示唆した。成果は国際雑誌や学会において、欧州・韓国などの国内外の研究者と共著で発表した。

  9. インフォーマル種子供給制度の持続性評価-エチオピアの自家採種・地域市場の事例から

    研究課題/研究課題番号:26304033  2014年4月 - 2018年3月

    西川 芳昭

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    担当区分:研究分担者 

    配分額:13520000円 ( 直接経費:10400000円 、 間接経費:3120000円 )

    農業近代化の過程で、種子供給の専門化が進んでいるが、途上国を中心に種子(タネ)を取り続けている農家・農民(種子システム研究において「ローカル」または「インフォーマル」と分類される)が存在する。この「ローカル」「インフォーマル」制度の持続性について、その条件・多様なアクターの関わり・農民自身の意識を、エチオピアにおけるテフ栽培を中心に分析した。
    外部条件としての国際植物遺伝資源条約の存在、NGOの積極的な介入、政府の(消極的)承認・内部条件としての農家自身の多様な品種の必要性及び新品種種子への欲求等が明らかになった。持続可能な農業にはこのような要件を外部者が認識することが必要であることを提言した。

▼全件表示

 

担当経験のある科目 (本学) 3

  1. 環境問題の最前線

    2021

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    生物多様性・生態系サービスに関する入門クラス(名城大学の橋本先生と連続で開催)

  2. 学問の面白さを知る  高等研究院初年次教育プログラム

    2020

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     生物多様性、地方再生の事例について初年度学生向けに分かりやすく講義(コロナ感染対策のためリモート講義)
    You Tube にて公開 (年間で約1000回再生)

  3. 水の環境学

    2020

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    PESにおける結果に基づく支払い、投入に基づく支払いのメリッ
    ト、デメリットについて、議論(直接の水関連だけではなく、農業・森林等を含む)

担当経験のある科目 (本学以外) 3

  1. 資源管理学

    2021年4月 - 2022年3月 京都府立大学)

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    科目区分:学部専門科目 

  2. 保全生態学総論

    2020年4月 - 2020年9月 東京大学)

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    科目区分:大学院専門科目 

  3. ヨーロッパ地域の課題 (環境)

    2015年4月 - 2019年3月 同志社大学)

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    科目区分:学部専門科目 

 

社会貢献活動 8

  1. JST・RISTEXプロジェクトセミナー:土地利用管理に向けた参加型手法とファシリテーション

    役割:司会

    名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科 附属持続的共発展教育研究センター  2021年3月

  2. 自治体のための有機農産物の学校給食での使用、ネットワーク化についての意見交換会

    役割:司会

    名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科 附属持続的共発展教育研究センター  2021年2月

  3. 自治体向け ランチタイム セミナー 「生態系を活用した適応策のための マップ・土地利用」

    役割:司会

    名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科 附属持続的共発展教育研究センター  2021年2月

  4. 伝統産品の活用、共有についての実践者を含めた議論

    役割:司会

    名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科 香坂研究室  2020年12月

  5. 有機農産物及び食品の生産振興の諸条件の解明:EUの分析と我が国への示唆

    役割:司会

    名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科 附属持続的共発展教育研究センター  2020年12月

  6. 地域産品の学習実践に関する大分県・三重県・沖縄県高校生・大学生交流

    役割:司会

    名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科 香坂研究室  2020年9月

  7. グリーン調達の現状と最新の事情

    役割:司会

    名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科 附属持続的共発展教育研究センター  2020年8月

  8. 伝統野菜についての国際ウェビナーセッション

    役割:司会

    名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科 附属持続的共発展教育研究センター  2020年7月

▼全件表示

メディア報道 44

  1. ワールド・ビュー 韓国世情を反映する学食 価格抑え選択肢広く

    日本農業新聞  p.12  2021年9月

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    執筆者:本人 

  2. 連載 地域課題 研究者も考えます 土地利用  戦略判断にエビデンスを 新聞・雑誌

    中日新聞 地域版 松阪・くろしお・志摩(松阪以南)  中日新聞 地域版 松阪・くろしお・志摩(松阪以南)  地域版 p.14  2021年9月

     詳細を見る

    執筆者:本人 

  3. コメント:トレンド情報局 パンに有機小麦 人気ほかほか 環境配慮 付加価値に 国内生産量の0.08%収量性など改善余地 新聞・雑誌

    日本農業新聞  p.14  2021年8月

  4. 現場からの農村学教室<218>農林地の戦略的活用 逆転発想で合意形成 新聞・雑誌

    日本農業新聞  p.10  2021年8月

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    執筆者:本人 

  5. コメント:陸地・海洋、3割保護へ 世界200ヵ国・地域、年内にも目標 新聞・雑誌

    日本経済新聞  p.2  2021年8月

  6. ワールド・ビュー ドイツ自然保護改正案を採択 昆虫と共存の農業へ

    日本農業新聞  p.12  2021年8月

     詳細を見る

    執筆者:本人 

  7. 「生物多様性」保全の枠組み COP15で議論深まる

    日刊工業新聞  p.10  2021年7月

     詳細を見る

    執筆者:本人 

  8. コメント:気候・多様性両輪で対策を 国際組織報告「異例の変化脅威」 新聞・雑誌

    高知新聞  p.4  2021年6月

  9. コメント:環境保護へ2国際組織報告 気候と様性 両輪対策を 「自然や人に脅威」と指摘 新聞・雑誌

    北日本新聞  p.5  2021年6月

  10. コメント:豊かな生態系へ両輪 気候と生物多様性 新聞・雑誌

    愛媛新聞  p.6  2021年6月

  11. コメント:気候・多様性両輪で対策を 二つの国際組織が報告書「自然や人に脅威」 新聞・雑誌

    埼玉新聞  p.2  2021年6月

  12. コメント:気候と多様性 両輪で対策 環境、生態系保護で報告書 新聞・雑誌

    長崎新聞  p.3  2021年6月

  13. コメント:気候・生物多様性 対策両輪で 2国際組織初の共同分析

    京都新聞  夕刊  2021年6月

  14. 連載 地域課題 研究者も考えます 土地利用 耕作放棄地の解消や維持は 新聞・雑誌

    中日新聞 地域版 松阪・くろしお・志摩(松阪以南)  中日新聞 地域版 松阪・くろしお・志摩(松阪以南)  地域版 p.14  2021年6月

  15. 論壇 生物自然遺産勧告 生物多様性取り組み発信

    琉球新報  2021年6月

  16. 連載 地域課題 研究者も考えます  まちづくりや人材育成に貢献を 新聞・雑誌

    中日新聞 地域版 松阪・くろしお・志摩(松阪以南)  中日新聞 地域版 松阪・くろしお・志摩(松阪以南)  地域版 p.18  2021年5月

  17. 脱炭素目標と食料システム(上)――有機農業の戦略的活用を(経済教室)

    日本経済新聞  朝刊 p.25  2021年4月

  18. 所論緒論 重要性増すエビデンスに基づく政策立案

    日刊建設工業新聞  p.10  2021年4月

  19. 論壇 「島嶼の生物多様性」保全と利用計画練る好機

    琉球新報  p.8  2021年4月

  20. 守ろう!生物多様性 ー生き物たちの豊かな個性とつながりー

    毎日新聞出版  月間Newsがわかる 20214月号  pp.4-7  2021年4月

  21. 重要性増すブルーカーボン 新聞・雑誌

    日刊建設工業新聞  12面  2021年3月

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    執筆者:本人 

  22. 論壇 2050年の有機農業目標 複数課題に複眼的視点を 新聞・雑誌

    琉球新報  2021年3月

     詳細を見る

    執筆者:本人 

  23. 新型コロナが問う社会 動物も環境も健康に

    中日新聞  朝刊 p.17   2021年2月

  24. ユネスコ無形文化遺産登録に向けて 泡盛、風土景観セットで発信

    琉球新報  論壇 p.8  2021年1月

  25. コメント 高付加価値化が重要 ブランド守る制度活用せよ  農林水産物輸出拡大加速化へ

    公明新聞  p.5  2021年1月

  26. コロナ禍での沖縄の戦略 農林水産物知らせる機会

    琉球新聞  論壇 p.8  2021年1月

  27. コメント しっかり戦略の議論を

    日本農業新聞  p.14  2021年1月

  28. 所論・緒論 世界の潮流 ビルド・バック・ベターと建設業への期待

    日刊建設工業新聞  p.1  2020年12月

  29. 現場からの農村学教室<196> テーマ地理的(GI)保護の現場から

    日本農業新聞  p.9  2020年11月

  30. 世界農業遺産の課題と展望

    全国きのこ新聞  p.4  2020年11月

  31. シイタケ栽培の課題などを議論 国東市で講演会

    大分合同新聞  2020年11月

  32. COP10から10年、愛知目標達成できず 民間関与生み出そう

    毎日新聞  中部朝刊 s社会面 p.22   2020年10月

  33. コメント 生物多様性、目標達成できず 止まらぬ絶滅 人間社会にも影響

    日本経済新聞  朝刊 p.33  2020年10月

  34. コメント:止まらぬ絶滅人間社会にも影響 生物多様性目標達成できず

    日本経済新聞  p.33  2020年10月

  35. コメント:Biz Frontier Subject:生物多様性「自然資本」を経営の柱に

    日本経済新聞  p.33  2020年10月

  36. コメント:「愛知目標」はなぜ達成できなかったのか? コロナとも関わる生物多様性の危機

    Yahooニュース  2020年9月

  37. コメント:「野生動物減り続けている」 愛知目標「達成できず」 国連が生物多様性報告書

    毎日新聞  2020年9月

  38. コメント リサイクル・再エネ構築を 

    琉球新報  p.20  2020年9月

  39. コメント ネオニコチノイド系農薬:イネ害虫駆除農薬制限 ネオニコ系、ハチ大量死一因

    毎日新聞  東京朝刊 p.1  2020年6月

  40. 土曜特集:コロナ禍はなぜ起きたか 問われる野生動物とヒトとの関係

    公明新聞  p.4  2020年6月

  41. コメント:生物多様性保全へ ネットで国際会議 愛知目標から10年 県も参加 COP15へ共通認識

    中日新聞   朝刊 県内総合 p.15  2020年5月

  42. コメント:生物多様性保全へ ネットで国際会議

    中日新聞   朝刊 県内総合 p.15  2020年5月

  43. 所論・緒論 変化は避けられない 生物多様性の存在理由

    日刊建設工業新聞  p.8  2020年4月

  44. 名古屋支社企画 対談自然環境の保全・再生に果たす建設業の役割 加藤建設加藤 徹社長X名古屋大学大学院 環境学研究科 香坂玲教授

    日刊建設工業新聞  p.12  2020年4月

▼全件表示

学術貢献活動 21

  1. 生物多様性及び生態系サービスに関する政府間科学-政策プラットフォーム 国際学術貢献

    役割:企画立案・運営等, 審査・評価, 査読

    IPBES事務局 環境省 専門家・政府代表団・外部評価パネルとして参画  2015年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:審査・学術的助言 

  2. 日本学術会議 連携会員(環境学) 国際学術貢献

    役割:企画立案・運営等

    複数(5)の分科会(一つは幹事)  2020年10月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:審査・学術的助言 

  3. 評議員 林業経済学会 国際学術貢献

    役割:企画立案・運営等, 監修

    林業経済学会  2021年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:学会・研究会等 

  4. 編集委員 Journal of Forest Research 国際学術貢献

    役割:監修, 審査・評価, 査読

    日本森林学会  2011年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:学会・研究会等 

  5. 編集委員  Energy & Environment

    役割:審査・評価, 査読

    SAGE  2017年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  6. 副編集長 Journal of Ethnic Foods

    役割:審査・評価, 査読

    Korea Food Research Institute  2017年10月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  7. ゲスト・エディター 特集号 Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 国際学術貢献

    役割:企画立案・運営等, 審査・評価, 査読

    Taylor & Francis  2017年10月 - 2018年12月

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  8. ゲストエディター 特集号 Landscape and Ecological Engineering

    役割:企画立案・運営等, 監修, 審査・評価, 査読

    日本緑化工学会をはじめとする国内外7学会  2020年12月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  9. ゲスト・エディター 特集号  Sustainability 国際学術貢献

    役割:監修, 審査・評価, 査読

    MDPI  2020年4月 - 2020年12月

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  10. 査読 Forest Policy and Economics

    役割:査読

    Elsevier  2016年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  11. 査読 British Food Journal 国際学術貢献

    役割:査読

    Emerald Group Publishing  2019年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  12. 査読 Cities

    役割:査読

    Elsevier  2019年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  13. 査読 Environment and Behavior

    役割:査読

    SAGE  2019年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  14. 査読 The Journal of World Intellectual Property 国際学術貢献

    役割:査読

    Wiley  2018年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  15. 査読 Journal of Rural Studies 国際学術貢献

    役割:査読

    Elsevier  2018年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  16. 査読 Journal of Cleaner Production 国際学術貢献

    役割:査読

    Elsevier  2018年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  17. 査読 Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 国際学術貢献

    役割:査読

    Taylor & Francis  2017年10月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  18. 査読 Ecosystem Services 国際学術貢献

    役割:査読

    Elsevier  2017年10月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  19. 査読 Journal of Environmental Management 国際学術貢献

    役割:査読

    Elsevier  2017年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  20. 査読 Journal of Apicultural Research 国際学術貢献

    役割:査読

    Taylor & Francis  2017年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

  21. 査読 Ecological Informatics 国際学術貢献

    役割:査読

    Elsevier  2017年4月 - 現在

     詳細を見る

    種別:査読等 

▼全件表示