Updated on 2021/11/02

写真a

 
TOMITA Shinsuke
 
Organization
Asian Satellite Campuses Institute Division2 Designated associate professor
Graduate School
Graduate School of Environmental Studies
Title
Designated associate professor
Contact information
メールアドレス
External link

Degree 1

  1. 博士(農学) ( 2003.5   京都大学 ) 

Research Interests 5

  1. Agricultural Ecology

  2. Ecological Anthropology

  3. Southeast Asian Studies

  4. Area Studies

  5. Demography

Research Areas 5

  1. Environmental Science/Agriculture Science / Rural sociology and agricultural structure

  2. Environmental Science/Agriculture Science / Social-ecological systems

  3. Environmental Science/Agriculture Science / Environmental agriculture

  4. Humanities & Social Sciences / Area studies

  5. Environmental Science/Agriculture Science / Landscape science

Professional Memberships 3

  1. 東南アジア学会

  2. Association for Asian Studies

  3. American Association for Physical Anthropology

 

Papers 16

  1. Impact of modernization on urinary concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, lead, and selenium in rural residents of Northern Laos Reviewed

    Yuki Mizuno, Hiroaki Masuoka, Mihoko Kibe, Satoko Kosaka, Kazumi Natsuhara, Kazuhiro Hirayama, Nouhak Inthavong, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Shinsuke Tomita, Masahiro Umezaki

    American Journal of Human Biology     2021.9

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.23685

    Web of Science

    Other Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1002/ajhb.23685

  2. Smallholder’s labor allocation for livelihood diversification: A case study in an upland village in northern Laos Reviewed

    Khamphou Phouyyavong, Shinsuke Tomita and Satoshi Yokoyama

    Tropics   Vol. 29 ( 1 ) page: 9 - 24   2020.6

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    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

  3. Aboveground biomass and seasonal patterns of aboveground net primary productivity in five bamboo species in northern Laos

    Xayalath Singkone, Hirota Isao, Tomita Shinsuke, Nakagawa Michiko

    JOURNAL OF PLANT ECOLOGY   Vol. 13 ( 2 ) page: 150 - 156   2020.4

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    Language:Japanese  

    DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtz056

    Web of Science

  4. Smallholder's labor allocation for livelihood diversification: A case study in an upland village in northern Laos

    Phouyyavong Khamphou, Tomita Shinsuke, Yokoyama Satoshi

    TROPICS   Vol. 29 ( 1 ) page: 9 - 24   2020

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    Language:Japanese  

    DOI: 10.3759/tropics.MS19-08

    Web of Science

  5. Impact of forage introduction on cattle grazing practices and crop–livestock systems: a case study in an upland village in northern Laos Reviewed

    Phouyyavong, K, Tomita, S, Yokoyama, S

    The Rangeland Journal   Vol. 41 ( 4 ) page: 323 - 334   2019.8

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1071/RJ18102

    Web of Science

  6. Allometric equations for estimating the aboveground biomass of bamboos in northern Laos Reviewed

    Xayalath, S, Hirota, I, Tomita, S, Nakagawa M

    Journal of Forest Research   Vol. 24 ( 2 ) page: 115 - 119   2019

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1080/13416979.2019.1569749

    Web of Science

  7. Reconsidering Development Mechanisms of Tropical Agriculture: Focusing on Micro-Development in Mainland Southeast Asia

    Kono Yasuyuki, Sato Takahiro, Watanabe Kazuo, Tomita Shinsuke, Zhang Le

    ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES USE AND CHALLENGES IN CONTEMPORARY SOUTHEAST ASIA: TROPICAL ECOSYSTEMS IN TRANSITION   Vol. 7   page: 21 - 39   2018

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  8. The Role of Small-Scale Farming in Familial Care: Reducing Work Risks Stemming from the Market Economy in Northeast Thailand Reviewed

    Tomita, S, Lopez, M, Kono, Y

    International Journal of Social Quality   Vol. 8 ( 1 ) page: 88 - 109   2018

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.3167/IJSQ.2018.080106

  9. Household demography and land-use in a rice-farming village in Laos from 1971 to 2013

    Tomita Shinsuke, Parker Daniel M.

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY   Vol. 162   page: 382 - 383   2017.4

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    Language:Japanese  

    Web of Science

  10. Livelihood, Land use, and Ecological uses of paddy fields in the lower Mekong Basin-Strategic adaptation to drastic changes in the water level- Reviewed

    Komatsu, Y, Tomita, S, Murayama, A, Funatsu, K, Moji. K

    Ritsumeikan Pan-Pacific Civilization Studies   Vol. 1   page: 69 - 92   2017

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

  11. Household Demography and Early Childhood Mortality in a Rice-Farming Village in Northern Laos Reviewed

    Shinsuke Tomita, Daniel M. Parker, Julia A. Jennings, James Wood

    PLOS ONE   Vol. 10 ( 3 )   2015.3

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    This paper extends Alexandr Chayanov's model of changing household demography (specifically the ratio of food consumers to food producers) and its influence on agricultural behavior so that it includes possible adverse effects of a rising ratio on nutritional status and early childhood mortality within the household. We apply the model to 35 years' worth of longitudinal demographic and economic data collected in the irrigated-rice growing village of Na Savang in northern Laos. When appropriate controls are included for other household variables, unobserved inter-household heterogeneity, and changes in local conditions and national policy over the study period, the analysis suggests that a unit increase in the household's consumer/producer ratio induces something like a nine-fold increase in the risk of death among household members aged less than five years. Monte Carlo simulation studies suggest that this may be an over-estimate but also that the effect is probably real and likely to be an important factor in household demography. At the very least, the results suggest that Chayanov's model still has theoretical relevance and deserves to be revived.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0119191

    Web of Science

  12. Household ecology and out-migration among ethnic Karen along the Thai-Myanmar border Reviewed

    Daniel M. Parker, James W. Wood, Shinsuke Tomita, Sharon DeWitte, Julia Jennings, Liwang Cui

    DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH   Vol. 30   page: 1129 - 1156   2014.4

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:MAX PLANCK INST DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH  

    BACKGROUND
    Local migration in developing-world settings, particularly among rural populations, is an important yet understudied demographic process. Research on migration in such populations can help us test and inform anthropological and demographic theory. Furthermore, it can lead to a better understanding of modern population distributions and epidemiologic landscapes.
    OBJECTIVE
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential relationships between household-and individual-level factors on out-migration among Karen villagers along the Thai-Myanmar border.
    METHODS
    We used a random effects hazard model to investigate the relationship of household consumer-producer (C/P) ratios, the number of household members, and an individual's sex on the odds of outmigration. We then used simulations in order to test the sensitivity of our model to our C/P ratio weighting scheme.
    RESULTS
    We found that the number of household members is predictive of increased out-migration. Household C/P ratios were positively associated with out-migration in children but negatively associated with out-migration in working age adults. Finally, adult males were much more likely to move out of the household than were adult females.
    CONCLUSIONS
    While household-level factors are important with regard to out-migration, the relationships between such household-level factors and out-migration are complex and vary by the individual's age and sex. Our study offers two novel concepts to household demography and migration studies. First, this study offers a new approach to evaluating weighting schemes for C/P ratios. Second, we show that household level factors are important at units of time (two-week intervals) that are not normally studied by demographers.

    Web of Science

  13. Mountain People in the Muang: Creation and Governance of a Tai Polity in Northern Laos Reviewed

    Badenoch, N, Tomita, S

    Southeast Asian Studies   Vol. 2 ( 1 ) page: 29 - 67   2013

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

  14. Agency, Opportunity and Risk: Commercialization and Human-nature Relationships in Laos Reviewed

    Kono, Y, Badenoch, N, Tomita, S, Douangsavanth, L, Nonaka, K

    Southeaset Asian Studies   Vol. 47 ( 4 ) page: 365 - 373   2010

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

  15. ラオスにおける農林業制度ー稲作を中心にー

    富田晋介

    山田紀彦編『ラオス チンタナカーン・マイ(新思考)政策の新展開ー共同研究会中間報告ー』独立行政法人日本貿易振興機構 アジア経済研究所     page: 153 - 168   2010

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

  16. Soil Fertility and Rice Productivity in an Intermoutain Basin of Northern Laos Reviewed

    Kotegawa, T, Tomita, S, Kono, Y, Tanaka, S, Sakurai, K

    Pedologist   Vol. 54 ( 2 ) page: 93 - 103   2010

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

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Books 9

  1. 生態人類学は挑む Session 1: 動く・集まる

    大塚, 柳太郎( Role: Contributor ,  富田晋介,「少子化による人口圧の上昇と生業変化:ラオス定住農業の変容」, p.255-283)

    京都大学学術出版会  2020.12  ( ISBN:9784814003112

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    Total pages:v, 321p, 図版 [4] p   Language:Japanese

    CiNii Books

  2. Environmental Resources Use and Challenges in Contemporary Southeast Asia. M. Lopez & J. Suryomenggol eds.

    Kono, Y, Sato, T, Watanabe, K, Tomita, S, Zhang, L( Role: Contributor ,  Reconsidering Development Mechanisms of Tropical Agriculture : Focusing on Micro-Development in Mainland Southeast Asia, pp.21-39.)

    Springer Nature Singapore.  2018 

  3. クリスチャン・ダニエルス編『東南アジア大陸部 山地民の歴史と文化』

    富田晋介, ネイサン・バデノック( Role: Contributor ,  タイ文化圏における低人口増加率の検討ー1971年から2006年におけるラオス北部の一村の経験から」pp.247-276)

    言叢社  2014 

  4. 藤井勝・高井康弘・小林和美編『東アジア「地方的世界」の社会学』

    福田恵, 富田晋介( Role: Contributor ,  「ラオス北部集落における農村都市関係の形成過程—親族網の派生と地縁の再創出」, pp.241-261)

    晃洋書房  2013 

  5. Proceedings of international workshop on sustainable natural resources management of mountainous regions in Laos.

    Bouahom, B, Douangsavanh, L, Tomita, S, Badenoch, N, Suiseeya, K.M. eds( Role: Joint editor)

    National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute, Lao PDR  2011 

  6. 山田紀彦編『ラオスにおける国民国家建設:理想と現実』

    富田晋介( Role: Contributor ,  「国家介入の変遷と資源利用競合の発生ーラオス北部の土地利用史からー」, pp.321-348)

    アジア経済研究所  2011 

  7. Agency, Opportunity and Risk: Commercialization and Human-nature Relationships in Laos

    Kono, Y, Badenoch, N, Tomita, S, Douangsavanth, L, Nonaka, K( Role: Joint editor)

    Southeast Asian Studies 47(4), Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University  2010 

  8. The Tjei Sei Ritual Books

    Tomita, S, Badenoch, N( Role: Joint editor)

    National Library of Lao PDR.  2010 

  9. 菊池陽子・鈴木玲子・阿部健一編『ラオスを知るための60章』

    富田晋介( Role: Contributor ,  「村の成り立ち」, pp.52-56)

    明石書店  2010 

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MISC 3

  1. Book review: Sustainable Land Use and Rural Development in Southeast Asia: Innovations and Policies for Mountainous Area. Holger L. Fröhlich, Pepijin Schreinemachers, Karl Strahr, and Gerhard Clemens eds. Invited

    Tomita, S

    Southeast Asian Studies   Vol. 6 ( 1 ) page: 198 - 200   2017

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Book review, literature introduction, etc.  

  2. 鄧玄斈の盆地開発: 山地民が主導したラオス北部ナムター盆地の再開発 Invited

    富田晋介, ネイサン・バデノック

    FIELDPLUS   Vol. 11   page: 10 - 12   2014

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    Language:Japanese  

  3. Book review: Gambling with the land: The contemporary evolution of Southeast Asia. Rodolphe De Koninck and Jean-François Rousseau, NUS Press, 2012, 190pp Invited

    Tomita, S

    Southeast Asian Studies   Vol. 3 ( 3 ) page: 693 - 695   2014

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Book review, literature introduction, etc.  

Presentations 17

  1. ラオス北部住民の尿中重金属類濃度と血圧との関連

    水野佑紀, 増岡弘晃, 木部未帆子, 小坂理子, 夏原和美, 平山和宏, Nouhak Inthavong, Sengchanh Kounnavong, 富田晋介, 梅崎昌裕

    第90回日本衛生学会学術総会  2020.3 

  2. ラオス中南部における水田開拓過程から見る水環境の形成

    富田晋介

    第17回生態人類学会  2012.3.26  生態人類学会

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    Language:Japanese  

    Venue:姫路  

  3. The role of small-scale farming in familial care International conference

    Lopez, M, Tomita, S, Kono, Y

    The 2nd Kyoto University-Universität Hamburg Symposium 2018  2018.10.9  Kyoto University-Universität Hamburg

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    Language:English  

    Venue:Kyoto, Japan  

  4. Park and livelihood: the case study of park's residency in Nakai Namtheun National Park in Lao PDR

    Sonnnasinh, V, Tomita, S, Harada, K

    第31回日本熱帯生態学会年次大会  2021.6.25 

  5. Implications of household demography on early childhood mortality in a wet rice farming village in northern Laos International conference

    Tomita, S

    The 9th National Health Research Forum  2015.10.13  Lao Tropical and Public Health Institute

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    Language:English  

    Venue:Vientiane, Lao PDR  

  6. Household life cycle and landscape in northern Laos: A case study in a wet rice farming village International conference

    Tomita, S

    International workshop: “Landscapes in Transition –Collaborative Research on Socio-Ecological Systems in Tropical Asia"  2015.2.9  Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

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    Language:English  

    Venue:Kyoto, Japan  

  7. Household demography and land-use in a rice farming village in Laos from 1971-2013 International conference

    Tomita, S, Parker, D.M

    The 86th Annual meeting of American Association of Physical Anthropology  2017  American Association of Physical Anthropology

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    Language:English  

    Venue:New Orleans, LA  

  8. Dynamism of Northeast Thailand: Wellbeing and healthy environment International conference

    Kono, Y, Tomita, S

    KKU-CSEAS Conference on Rural Northeast Thailand in Transition: Land Use, Farming Systems and Households  2014.9.14  Khon Kaen University and CSEAS Kyoto University

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    Language:English  

    Venue:Khon Kaen, Thailand  

  9. Distribution pattern of bamboos in northern Laos

    Xayalath, S, Hirota, I, Sungkeaw, S, Tomita, S, Nakagawa, M

    第28回日本熱帯生態学会  2018.6.9  日本熱帯生態学会

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    Language:English  

    Venue:静岡大学  

  10. Chayanov on the demand side-Household demography and early childhood mortality in a Laotian Village International conference

    Tomita, S, Parker, D, Wood, J

    Colloquium in Department of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University  2012.11.7  Department of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University

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    Language:English  

    Venue:State Collage, PA  

  11. Characteristics of gut microbiome of mountain people in northern Laos

    Masuoka, H, Mizuno, Y, Kibe, M, Takayasu, L, Kosaka, S, Natsuhara, K, Inthavong, N, Kounavong, S, Tomita, S, Hirayama, K, Suda W, Umezaki, M

    International Human Microbiome Consortium Congress 2021 (Virtual Congress)  2021.6.29 

  12. A sensitivity analysis of the impact of household consumer-producer ratios on the hazard of out-migration among the Karen International conference

    Parker, D. Wood, J, Tomita, S, Dewitte, S, Sirichaisinthop, J, Cui, L

    The 82nd annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists  2013.4.9  American Association of Physical Anthropologists

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    Language:English  

    Venue:Knoxville, TA  

  13. ラオス北部住民の重金属曝露と酸化ストレスとの関連

    水野佑紀, 増岡弘晃, 木部未帆子, 小坂理子, 稲葉洋平, 夏原和美, 平山和宏, Sengchanh Kounnavong, 富田晋介, 梅崎昌裕

    第91回日本衛生学会総会  2021.3.6 

  14. 東南アジア農村における乳幼児死亡の小集団人口学

    富田晋介

    日本人口学会第73回大会シンポジウム「生態人類学における人口研究の現在」  2021.6.5 

  15. 土地の保有・分与と耕地面積の拡大ーラオス北部の水田村の事例からー

    富田晋介

    第15回生態人類学会  2010.3.17  生態人類学会

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    Language:Japanese  

    Venue:滋賀  

  16. ラオス北部山岳民の尿中ヒ素濃度と属性・生活習慣および血圧との関連

    水野佑紀, 増岡弘晃, 木部未帆子, 小坂理子, 夏原和美, 平山和宏, Nouhak Inthavong, Sengchanh Kounnavong, 富田晋介, 梅崎昌裕

    第25回ヒ素シンポジウム  2019.11.23 

  17. ラオス北部住民の重金属類暴露と血圧との関連

    水野佑紀, 増岡弘晃, 木部未帆子, 小坂理子, 夏原和美, 平山和宏, Nouhak Inthavong, Sengchanh Kounnavong, 富田晋介, 梅崎昌裕

    第31回日本微量元素学会学術集会  2020.11.27 

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KAKENHI (Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research) 19

  1. Generalists and Specialists in Mainland Southeast Asia: Beyond Agricultural Productivity-based Discourse

    Grant number:21H03684  2021.4 - 2025.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

    Grant amount:\15990000 ( Direct Cost: \12300000 、 Indirect Cost:\3690000 )

  2. New Theories of Tropical Agriculture in Contemporary Southeast Asia

    Grant number:18H03454  2018.4 - 2023.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s) 

  3. New Theories of Tropical Agriculture in Contemporary Southeast Asia

    2018 - 2022

    JSPS  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 

    Masahiko Matsuda

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    Grant type:Competitive

  4. Diversity in the relationship between low and upland society in mountain Southeast Asia

    Grant number:17H02233  2017.4 - 2021.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

    Grant amount:\17550000 ( Direct Cost: \13500000 、 Indirect Cost:\4050000 )

  5. Diversity in the relationship between lowland and upland societies in mountain Southeast Asia

    2017 - 2020

    JSPS  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 

    Shinsuke Tomita

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    Authorship:Principal investigator  Grant type:Competitive

  6. Study on livelihood strategies and its sustainability of Asian smallholders under the period of regional integration

    Grant number:16H03115  2016.4 - 2020.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    Yokoyama Satoshi

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s) 

    In this study, we surveyed the economic status and the natural resource uses of smallholders in Japan, Vietnam, Laos and Thailand. Then, we analyzed the livelihood strategies of smallholders in the context of regional economic integration.
    In Japan, in order to increase the competitiveness of smallholders, it was seen that the scale of agricultural management was expanded by the settlement scale. On the other hand, it was revealed that smallholders in Vietnam and Laos have diversified their livelihoods from subsistence economy according to the demand for commercial crops from foreign countries due to regional integration. In Thailand, it was clarified that the traditional diet such as traditional fermented seafood of smallholders and their livelihoods have changed significantly due to changes in socio-economic development and occupational structure after the 1980s.

  7. Study on livelihood strategies and its sustainability of Asian smallholders under the period of regional integration

    2016 - 2019

    JSPS  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 

    Satoshi Yokoyama

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    Grant type:Competitive

  8. Population dynamics, reproduction and livelihood changes in small-scale communities of Laos

    Grant number:25257004  2013.4 - 2017.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)

    YOKOYAMA Satoshi, NISHIMOTO Futoshi, JIANG Honwei, TOMITA Shinsuke, NIWA Takahito

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    Authorship:Collaborating Investigator(s) (not designated on Grant-in-Aid) 

    In this study, we analyzed the interrelationship among factors related to population dynamics, reproduction, and livelihood activities in two traditional small communities of Laos. The communities to be studied have different subsistence structure of rain-fed paddy farming and swidden farming.
    As a result, residents' response to population pressure in the rain-fed paddy village was not intensification or mechanization of agriculture, but temporary migration to Thailand since the 1980s. Residents purchased paddies from neighboring villages with money earned by migrant works, and tried to balance self-sufficiency and cash income by further reducing the apparent population in the village. Meanwhile, in the swidden village, marital fertility rate was low at less than 4. From the result of examining the nutritional status of residents by diet survey, we suggested that the condition of low malnutrition may be the cause of low fertility rate.

  9. Linguistic networks in the Socio-Economic Dynamism of Montane Mainland Southeast Asia

    Grant number:23401010  2011.11 - 2014.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    BADENOCH Nathan, HAYASHI Norihiko, TOMITA Shinsuke, KITAMURA Yumi, KOBAYASHI Satoru, SODA Ryoji

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s) 

    This project has conducted in-depth ethnographic research into the dynamics of multilingualism that characterize the vast majority of Southeast Asian society. Based on intensive fieldwork,an ethnographic account of multilingualism has been developed,highlighting the networked approach to language use taken by local people in northern Laos as they face a rapidly regionalizing and globalizing economy. This research has highlighted not only the threats that globalization poses to the region's linguistic diversity, but also the important ways in which the use of multiple languages provides a social resource for those people. The insights gained from this dynamic region are valuable locally, as the linguistic implications of rapid socio-economic development have not yet been treated, and relevant more broadly, as the future of human diversity is a major concern in the consideration of society's trajectories in the 21st century.

  10. Development of comparison and standardization technique in SRI cultivation in Southeast Asia from the viewpoint of Agricultural Engineering

    Grant number:23255014  2011.4 - 2016.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)

    Mizoguchi Masaru, YAMAJI Eiji, KOBAYASHI Kazuhiko, NOBORIO Kousuke, ARAKI Tetsuya, YOSHIDA Koushi, DOI Ryoichi, TORIYAMA Kazunobu, YOKOYAMA Shigeki

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s) 

    SRI farming is becoming explosively popular in Southeast Asian countries. However, an appropriate cultivation management technology has not been established because the method is different for each country and farmers. In this study, we have developed the field monitoring technology for measuring the scientific parameters, such as the weather and the soil and underground water level. Then we have introduced the field monitoring system to four Southeast Asian countries: Indonesia, Cambodia, Thailand, and Laos. From the viewpoint of Agricultural Engineering, we discussed the features of SRI farming, and examined the standard method of SRI cultivation. In addition, as an adaptation measure to climate change that is currently concern, we discussed the best solution that can be taken by the farmers in each country focusing on water resources and agricultural land management.

  11. 避難場所から開発の最前線へー東南アジア大陸山地部にみる地域社会の再編過程

    Grant number:23681051  2011.4 - 2014.3

    科学研究費助成事業  若手研究(A)

    富田 晋介

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

    Grant amount:\9880000 ( Direct Cost: \7600000 、 Indirect Cost:\2280000 )

    本研究は、いかに地域社会が持続性を維持してきたのか、グローバル化が急激に進行している中で地域社会が形成してきた持続性がどのような影響をうけ、そして今後どのように構築していくべきかという問題に対して、社会的少数集団の避難地帯としてのセーフティネット機能をもってきた山地利用の変遷から明らかにし、答えようとするものである。
    この研究目的に対して、2012年度の研究計画は、ラオス北部における現地調査を継続し、データの収集を続けるとともに、研究成果の出版に向けて他の研究者との交流および協力関係を構築することであった。
    調査地域のうち、ルアンナムター県において移住と水田開拓過程について調査を行った。この地域は、ラオス北部において近年もっとも人口流入が大きく、土地利用も急激に変化している地域である。盆地ごとに、ムアンとよばれる小首長国が成立していたといわれてきたが、このルアンナムター盆地は水田開拓には十分な面積をもつにもかかわらず、過去100年ほどの居住歴しかなかった。また、ムアンはタイ系民族による統治国であるといわれてきたが、この地域は山地民の入植が早く、かつ様々な民族が継続的に流入してきた地域であることがわかった。また、東南アジア大陸部では、近代化後に出生率と死亡率が急激に減少してきたといわれてきた。つまり、近代化前後での変化が主な研究対象であった。1970年代から現代までの人口および世帯構造を再構築してみると、1980年代に急激に出生率と死亡率が上昇していた。また、近年の死亡率の減少は、近代医療の普及だけが原因とは考えられたなかった。この原因について、今後も検討を進めていく必要がある。さらに、ペンシルバニア州立大学との協力関係を構築し、共同の成果出版を目指して作業中である。
    翌年度、交付申請を辞退するため、記入しない。
    翌年度、交付申請を辞退するため、記入しない。

  12. Development of comparison and standardization technique in SRI cultivation in Southeast Asia from the viewpoint of Agricultural Engineering

    2011 - 2015

    JSPS  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) 

    Masaru Mizoguchi

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    Grant type:Competitive

  13. The reconstruction process of rural societies in montane region of Southeast Asia - From the asylum to the front line of exploitation

    2011 - 2014

    JSPS  Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (A) 

    Shinsuke Tomita

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    Authorship:Principal investigator  Grant type:Competitive

  14. Linguistic networks in the Socio-Economic Dynamism of Montane Mainland Southeast Asia

    2011 - 2013

    JSPS  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 

    Nathan Badenoch

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    Grant type:Competitive

  15. Redefining the Ecosystem Services through the Assessment of Inter-linkage Values.

    Grant number:22241012  2010.4 - 2014.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)

    AKIMICHI Tomoya, YOKOYAMA Satoshi, ONISHI Hideyuki, MOJI Kazuhiko, KONO Yasuyuki, ABE Ken-ichi, SATO Jin, TOMITA Shinsuke, NISHIMOTO Futoshi, OH Tomohiro, HIROTA Isao, WATANABE Kazuya, WATANABE Kazuo, NAKAZAWA Minato, TOJO Bumpei, SETO Hiroyuki, NAKAZAWA Minato

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    Authorship:Collaborating Investigator(s) (not designated on Grant-in-Aid) 

    From four major concepts proposed in the Millennium Assessment (MA), namely, provisioning services, cultural services, supporting services and regulating services, inter-relations among these four elements are not illustrated and remain unknown. A new methodological approach in order to resolve this ambiguity, and to demonstrate integrated figures of human-nature interactions, was proposed. Benefits and risk analyses were examined, using several topics as to global trading, environmental deterioration, health and food risk, using examples of various communities in Southeast Asia. Through the analyses of benefits and risk as a set, it became clear that the notion of linkage-values to link four types of ecosystem services is effective tool. Also, it became clear that commons approach and Eco-historical approach are important in order to assess totally the benefits of ecosystem services and to understand the significance of the linkage-values.

  16. Livelihood Transition and Sustainable Humanosphere of Rural Southeast Asia

    Grant number:22241058  2010.4 - 2014.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)

    KONO Yasuyuki, TANAKA Koji, KOBAYASHI Satoru, YOKOYAMA Satoshi, ISHIKAWA Satoshi, YAMAO Masahiro, HOSHIKAWA Keisuke, UMEZAKI Masahiro, TAKAGI Akira, WATANABE Kazuo, WATANABE Kazuya, HORI Mina, HOMMA Koki, TOMITA Shinsuke

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    Authorship:Collaborating Investigator(s) (not designated on Grant-in-Aid) 

    This study focused on changes in livelihood of rural Southeast Asia during the last several decades and tried to identify sustainable humanosphere there. The case studies were carried out at the mountainous and lowland areas in Southeast Asia. The major conclusions are 1) rural livelihood in Southeast Asia are affected by both rapidly-changing governance and market and comparatively stable social and family networks; 2) the major driver of change is the connection between rural livelihood and global governance and market; 3) the major strategy of rural people to establish sustainable humanosphere is livelihood diversification at the household and community levels; 4) people confront higher risks when they simplify livelihood and/or change the whole set of livelihood. These suggest that identifying the structure of livelihood and examining possibility and risks accompanied by livelihood transition are the major research agenda of sustainable humanosphere studies at the regional level.

  17. The Preservation, Compilation and Reading of Lanten Yao Traditional Texts in Northern Laos

    2008 - 2010

    Toyota Foundation 

    Shinsuke Tomita

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    Authorship:Principal investigator  Grant type:Competitive

  18. New Technology of Geoinformatics for Land Use Analyses in Small Regions

    Grant number:20310146  2008 - 2010

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    UMEZAKI Masahiro, KONO Yasuyuki, OKUBO Satoru, TOMITA Shinsuke, JIANG Hongwei, NISHITANI Masaru, NAKAYA Tomoki, HOSHIKAWA Keisuke

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s) 

    In the present study, we investigated the applicability of some of new technologies of geoinformatics to land use/cover analysis in small regions. Object-based land cover classification method worked to produce land cover maps in humid tropical regions, while digital surface model produced by satellite images provided sufficient information for the geographic analysis of land use patterns at community level. It was also reported that mechanisms of land use change in Asia-Pacific regions have both global and regional contexts.

  19. New Technology of Geoinformatics for Land Use Analyses in Small Regions

    2008 - 2010

    JSPS  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 

    Masahiro Umezaki

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    Grant type:Competitive

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Teaching Experience (Off-campus) 3

  1. 農学国際演習

    The University of Tokyo)

  2. 海外実地研修

    The University of Tokyo)

  3. 日本の農林業政策

    ラオス国立大学農学部)

 

Social Contribution 5

  1. 国際シンポジウム”Rethinking ecosystem services in the context of montane region in Lao PDR”

    Role(s):Planner, Organizing member

    2011.6

  2. 第38回UT-talk「田んぼからみえる自然と人」

    Role(s):Lecturer

    2011.5

  3. JICA ラオス派遣専門家向け 集中講義

    Role(s):Lecturer

    2010.4

  4. 国際シンポジウム”Sustainable natural resources management of mountainous regions in Laos”

    Role(s):Planner, Organizing member

    2007.8

  5. 国際シンポジウム”Indigenous Eco-knowledge and development in northern Laos”

    Role(s):Planner, Organizing member

    2006.9