Updated on 2022/03/23

写真a

 
KARASAWA, Minoru
 
Organization
Graduate School of Informatics Department of Cognitive and Psychological Sciences 2 Professor
Graduate School
Graduate School of Environmental Studies
Graduate School of Informatics
Undergraduate School
School of Informatics Department of Human and Social Informatics
School of Informatics and Sciences
Title
Professor

Degree 3

  1. Ph.D. ( 1991.9   University of California, Los Angeles ) 

  2. Master of Arts ( 1989.3   University of California, Los Angeles ) 

  3. Master of Letters ( 1983.3   Kyoto University ) 

Research Interests 5

  1. social cognition

  2. intergroup relations

  3. political psychology

  4. moral psychology

  5. psychology and law

Research Areas 1

  1. Others / Others  / Social Psychology

Current Research Project and SDGs 6

  1. intergroup cognition and behavior

  2. Psychological bases of moral judgment and its ieffects on cognition and behavior

  3. Social psychological processes underlying political ideology

  4. Law and social psychology

  5. socially shared cognition

  6. Mutual construction processes between language, cognition, and culture

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Research History 6

  1. Nagoya University   Graduate School of Informatics   Professor

    2017.4

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    Country:Japan

  2. Nagoya University   Graduate School of Environmental Studies   Professor

    2007.10

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    Country:Japan

  3. Nagoya University   Graduate School of Environmental Studies   Assistant Professor

    2006.10

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    Country:Japan

  4. Kobe University   Faculty of Letters   Assistant Professor

    1998.4

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    Country:Japan

  5. Aichi Gakuin University   Faculty of Letters   Assistant Professor

    1995.4

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    Country:Japan

  6. Aichi Gakuin University   Faculty of Letters   Assistant Professor

    1991.10

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    Country:Japan

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Education 3

  1. University of California, Los Angeles   Department of Psychology   social psychology

    1986.9 - 1991.6

  2. Kyoto University   Graduate School, Division of Letters   Psychology

    1983.4 - 1986.3

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    Country: Japan

  3. Kyoto University   Graduate School, Division of Letters   Psychology

    1981.4 - 1983.3

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    Country: Japan

Professional Memberships 31

  1. International Association of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Executive Council

    2016.8 - 2020.8

  2. International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology   Chair, Organizational Comiittee, the 23rd International Congress

    2014.9 - 2016.8

  3. Asian Association of Social Psychology   Associate Editor

    2008.4 - 2009.3

  4. Society for Personality and Social Psychology

  5. International Society of Political Psychology

  6. Association of Psychological Science

  7. American Psychological Association

  8. Inernational Society for Justice Research

  9. Japanese Psychological Association   International Committee

    2015.4 - 2019.10

  10. 日本社会心理学会   常任理事

    2013.4 - 2017.3

  11. 日本社会心理学会   常任理事・編集委員長

    2011.4 - 2013.3

  12. Japanese Society of Social Psychology

    2009.4 - 2011.3

  13. Japanese Psychological Assciation   International Committee

    2005.4 - 2009.9

  14. 日本社会心理学会   副編集委員長

    2003.4 - 2005.3

  15. 日本社会心理学会   理事・編集委員

    2001.4 - 2005.3

  16. Japanese Group Dynamics Association

    2001.4 - 2005.3

  17. Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology

  18. 日本認知科学会

  19. 法と心理学会

  20. 法と心理学会

  21. 日本認知科学会

  22. Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology

  23. Japanese Psychological Association

  24. Japanese Group Dynamics Association

  25. Association of Psychological Science

  26. International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology

  27. International Society of Political Psychology

  28. Inernational Society for Justice Research

  29. Society for Personality and Social Psychology

  30. American Psychological Association

  31. Asian Association of Social Psychology

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Committee Memberships 2

  1. Asian Association of Social Psychology   President-Elect  

    2021.7   

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    Committee type:Academic society

  2. The Science Council of Japan   Coperative Member  

    2006 - 2014   

Awards 5

  1. 準吉田秀雄賞

    2021.11   公益財団法人 吉田秀雄記念事業財団   広告への好意度の国際比較研究 〜ズームイン・ズームアウト型認知と広告表現〜

    杉谷陽子・外川拓・唐沢穣

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    Award type:Award from publisher, newspaper, foundation, etc.  Country:Japan

  2. Japanese Society of Social Psychology Journal Publication Award

    2013.11   Japanese Society of Social Psychology  

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    Country:Japan

  3. Misumi Award (the best article of the year, 2012)

    2013.8   Asian Association of Social Psychology and the Japanese Association of Group Dynamics  

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    Award type:Honored in official journal of a scientific society, scientific journal 

  4. apanese Psychological Association Publication Award

    2007.9   Japanese Psychological Association  

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    Country:Japan

  5. Young Psychologist

    1988   International Congress of Psychology, Japanese Psychological Association  

 

Papers 42

  1. Perceived warmth of offending group moderates the effect of intergroup apologies Reviewed International coauthorship

    Awale Arya, Chan Christian S., Tam Katy Y. Y., Karasawa Minoru

    Group Processes & Intergroup Relations     2021.4

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    Authorship:Last author   Language:English   Publisher:Group Processes and Intergroup Relations  

    The stereotype content model provides a framework for understanding contextual and relational factors that may explain why some intergroup apologies are ineffective. Using actual and fictional scenarios, we examined whether the apology–forgiveness relationship and the apology–remorse relationship were dependent on the victim-group members’ perceived warmth of the offending group. Studies 1 (N = 101) and 2 (N = 109) demonstrated that the perceived warmth of the offending group moderated the influence of apology on forgiveness. The interaction effect between apology and forgiveness and that between apology and perceived remorse were qualified in three-way interactions in Studies 3 (N = 235) and 4 (N = 586). The warmth-by-apology interaction was detectable among those who were highly offended by the incident. In all four experiments, we found an indirect effect of perceived warmth on forgiveness through perceived remorse. The perceived lack of warmth associated with offending groups may help explain the muted effectiveness of intergroup apologies.

    DOI: 10.1177/1368430220961844

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  2. Intention matters to make you (im)moral: Positive-negative asymmetry in moral character evaluations. Reviewed

    Hirozawa, P. Y., Karasawa, M., & Matsuo, A.

    Journal of Social Psychology   Vol. 160 ( 4 ) page: 410 - 415   2020

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Is intention, even if unfulfilled, enough to make a person appear to be good or bad? In this study, we investigated the influence of unfulfilled intentions of an agent on subsequent moral character evaluations. We found a positive-negative asymmetry in the effect of intentions. Factual information concerning failure to fulfill a positive intention mitigated the morality judgment of the actor, yet this mitigation was not as evident for the negative vignettes. Participants rated an actor who failed to fulfill their negative intention as highly immoral, as long as there was an external explanation to its unfulfillment. Furthermore, both emotional and cognitive (i.e., informativeness) processes mediated the effect of negative intention on moral character. For the positive intention, there was a significant mediation by emotions, yet not by informativeness. Results evidence the relevance of mental states in moral character evaluations and offer affective and cognitive explanations to the asymmetry.

    DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2019.1653254

  3. Knowing minds: Culture and perceptions of mental state access Reviewed International coauthorship

    Wice, M., Karasawa, M., Matui, T., & Miller J. G.

    Asian Journa of Social Psychology   Vol. 23 ( 3 ) page: 319 - 327   2020

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1111/ajsp.12404

  4. Explaining illness with evil: Pathogen prevalence fosters moral vitalism Reviewed International coauthorship

    Bastian, B., Vauclair, M., Loughnan, S., Bain, P., Ashokkumar, A., Becker, M., Bilewicz, M., Collier-Baker, E., Crespo, C., Eastwick, P., Fischer, R., Friese, M., Gómez, Á., Guerra, V., Castellanos Guevara, J. L., Hanke, K., Hooper, N., Huang, L.-l., Junqi, S., Karasawa, M., Kuppens, P., Leknes, S., Peker, M., Pelay, C., Pina, A., Sachkova, M., Saguy, T., Silfver-Kuhalampi, M., Sortheix, F., Tong, J., Yeung, V. W.-l.; Duffy, J., & Swann, W.

    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences     2019.12

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Pathogens represent a significant threat to human health leading to the emergence of strategies designed to help manage their negative impact. We examined how spiritual beliefs developed to explain and predict the devastating effects of pathogens and spread of infectious disease. Analysis of existing data in Studies 1 and 2 suggests that moral vitalism (beliefs about spiritual forces of evil) is higher in geographical regions characterized by historical higher levels of pathogens. Furthermore, drawing on a sample of 3,140 participants from 28 countries in Study 3, we found that historical higher levels of pathogens were associated with stronger endorsement of moral vitalistic beliefs. Furthermore, endorsement of moral vitalistic beliefs statistically mediated the previously reported relationship between pathogen prevalence and conservative ideologies, suggesting these beliefs reinforce behavioral strategies which function to prevent infection. We conclude that moral vitalism may be adaptive: by emphasizing concerns over contagion, it provided an explanatory model that enabled human groups to reduce rates of contagious disease.

    DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2019.1576

  5. "Our country needs a strong leader right now": Economic inequality enhances the wish for a strong leader Reviewed International coauthorship

    Sprong, S., Jetten, J., Wang, Z., Peters, K., Mols, F., Verkuyten, M., Bastian, B., Ariyanto, A., Autin, F., Ayub, N., Badea, C., Besta, T., Butera, F., Costa-Lopes, R., Cui, L., Fantini, C., Finchilescu, G., Gaertner, L., Gollwitzer, M., Gómez, Á., González, R., Hong,Y.-y., Høj Jensen, D., Jasinskaja-Lahti, I., Karasawa, M., Kessler, T., Klein, O., Lima, M., Megevand, L., Morton, T., Paladino, P., Polya, T., Renvik, T. A., Ruza, A., Shahrazad, W., Shama, S., Smith, H. J., Torres, A. R., van der Bles, A. M., & Wohl, M. J. A.

    Psychological Science   Vol. 30 ( 11 ) page: 1-3   2019.9

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Societal inequality has been found to harm the mental and physical health of its members and undermine overall social cohesion. Here, we tested the hypothesis that economic inequality is associated with a wish for a strong leader in a study involving 28 countries from five continents (Study 1, N = 6,112), a study involving an Australian community sample (Study 2, N = 515), and two experiments (Study 3a, N = 96; Study 3b, N = 296). We found correlational (Studies 1 and 2) and experimental (Studies 3a and 3b) evidence for our prediction that higher inequality enhances the wish for a strong leader. We also found that this relationship is mediated by perceptions of anomie, except in the case of objective inequality in Study 1. This suggests that societal inequality enhances the perception that society is breaking down (anomie) and that a strong leader is needed to restore order (even when that leader is willing to challenge democratic values).

    DOI: 10.1177/0956797619875472

  6. Verbal display rule knowledge: A cultural and developmental perspective Reviewed International coauthorship

    Wice, M., Matsui, T., Tsudaka, G., Karasawa, M., & Miller, J. G.

    Cognitive Development   Vol. 52   2019.6

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    The current investigation examined the development of verbal display rule knowledge among
    three age groups (elementary school children, adolescents, and adults) from the U.S. and Japan
    (N=183). Participants predicted verbal display rule behavior (i.e. regulating the verbal expression
    of emotion in alignment with social norms) and motives in response to two scenarios: a)
    a conflicting opinions scenario in which two peers hold conflicting opinions, and b) a welfare
    scenario in which expressing a true opinion is likely to cause emotional harm. Cultural differences
    in response to the conflicting opinions scenario emerged gradually over development, with
    Japanese adults endorsing greater emotion regulation than American adults; children and adolescents
    in both countries, however, endorsed similar degrees of emotion expression. In response
    to the welfare scenario, Japanese and Americans both endorsed the use of masking display rules to
    protect the welfare of others, with display rule endorsement increasing with age for both groups.
    Results contribute to a greater understanding of how display rule knowledge changes over the
    course of development in a manner that is both culturally variable and context-specific.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2019.100801

  7. Development and validation of the Japanese Moral Foundations Dictionary Reviewed

    Matsuo, A., Sasahara, K., Taguchi, Y., & Karasawa, M.

    PLOS ONE   Vol. 14 ( 3 ) page: e0213343   2019.3

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    The Moral Foundations Dictionary (MFD) is a useful tool for applying the conceptual framework developed in Moral Foundations Theory and quantifying the moral meanings implicated in the linguistic information people convey. However, the applicability of the MFD is limited because it is available only in English. Translated versions of the MFD are therefore needed to study morality across various cultures, including non-Western cultures. The contribution of this paper is two-fold. We developed the first Japanese version of the MFD (referred to as the J-MFD) using a semi-automated method—this serves as a reference when translating the MFD into other languages. We next tested the validity of the J-MFD by analyzing open-ended written texts about the situations that Japanese participants thought followed and violated the five moral foundations. We found that the J-MFD correctly categorized the Japanese participants' descriptions into the corresponding moral foundations, and that the Moral Foundations Questionnaire (MFQ) scores correlated with the frequency of situations, of total words, and of J-MFD words in the participants' descriptions for the Harm and Fairness foundations. The J-MFD can be used to study morality unique to the Japanese and also multicultural comparisons in moral behavior.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0213343

  8. Psychological essentialism at the explicit and implicit levels: The unique status of social categories Reviewed

    Karasawa, Minoru; Asai, Nobuko; Hioki, Koichi

    Japanese Psychological Research   Vol. 61 ( 2 ) page: 10.1111/jpr.12246   2019.3

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    Authorship:Lead author, Corresponding author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Psychological essentialism refers to a naïve theory concerning fundamental elements that bring a category into its existence. The present study examined the structure of this lay theory as well as its implicitness, with a special focus on social categories. In Study 1, Japanese college students rated a number of categories that were either natural-kind, social, or human artifacts, in terms of different elements of essentialist beliefs. A factor analysis revealed that entitativity and naturalness are the common underling dimensions across these category domains. We also identified some natural kind and human artifact categories that can be used as two extreme referent points for the examination of naturalness perceived in a whole array of social categories. Study 2 assessed implicit and automatic judgments on naturalness using a Go/No-Go task, and compared them to explicit judgments. Unlike natural kinds and artifacts, social categories were essentialized to a greater extent at the implicit level. These results suggest a dual process of intuitive and deliberate cognition particularly involving social categories, with implications concerning the bases of stereotypes and prejudices.

    DOI: 10.1111/jpr.12246

  9. The emergent nature of culturally meaningful categorization and language use: A Japanese-Italian comparison of age categories Reviewed International coauthorship

    Karasawa, M., Maass, A., Rakić, T., & Kato, A.

    Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Vol. 45   page: 431-451   2014

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    In a series of experiments using a memory-confusion paradigm, we found that, among Japanese (but not among Italian) participants, even a small age difference was sufficient to trigger spontaneous categorization of other people. We further demonstrated that specific language styles (i.e., polite versus intimate) accompanied the age-based categorization effect. We discuss implications of these findings for understanding the complex interplay between culture, language, and social cognition.

    DOI: 10.1177/0022022113509882

  10. The sins of their fathers: When current generations are held to account for the transgressions of previous generations Reviewed International coauthorship

    Goto, N., Jetten, J., Karasawa, M., & Hornsey, M. J.

    Political Psychology   Vol. 36 ( 4 ) page: 479-487   2015.8

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    In two studies, we test the prediction that current generations will only be assigned guilt for past atrocities when victim group members perceive high levels of cultural continuity between historical perpetrators and the current generation within the perpetrator group. Japanese participants were presented with information describing the current generation of Americans as either similar or dissimilar in personality to the Americans who were implicated in dropping the atomic bomb on Japan during World War II. The results of both studies revealed that victim group members assigned more guilt to current Americans when they perceived high (compared to low) outgroup continuity, and they did so relatively independently of the transgressor group's guilt expressions.

    DOI: 10.1111/pops.12172

  11. Cultural differences in perceived coherence of the self and in-group: A Japan-Australia comparison Reviewed International coauthorship

    Tsukamoto, S., Holland, E., Haslam, N., Karasawa, M., & Kashima, Y.

    Asian Journal of Social Psychology   Vol. 18 ( 2 ) page: 39-89   2015

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  12. Materialist and post-materialist concerns and the wish for a strong leader in 27 countries Reviewed International coauthorship

    Lima, M. E. O., de França, D. X., Jetten, J., Pereira, C. R., Ariyanto, A., Autin, F., Ayub, N., Badea, C., Tomasz Besta, T., Butera, F., Costa-Lopes, R., Fantini, C., Finchilescu, G., Gaertner, L., Gollwitzer, M., Ángel Gómez, Á, González, R., Hong, Y-y., Jensen, D. H., Karasawa, M., Kessler, T., Klein, O., Jasinskaja-Lathi, I., Megevand, L., Morton, T., Paladino, P., Polya, T., Renvik, T. A., Ruza, A., Shahrazad, W., Shama, S., Smith, H. J., Torres, A. R., van der Bles, A. M., & Wohl, M. J. A.

    Journal of Social and Political Psychology   Vol. 9 ( 1 ) page: 207 - 220   2021.5

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    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5964/jspp.6213

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.5964/jspp.6213

  13. Materialist and Post-Materialist Concerns and the Wish for a Strong Leader in 27 Countries

    Lima Marcus E. O., de Franca Dalila X., Jetten Jolanda, Pereira Cicero R., Wohl Michael J. A., Jasinskaja-Lahti Inga, Hong Ying-yi, Torres Ana Raquel, Costa-Lopes Rui, Ariyanto Amarina, Autin Frederique, Ayub Nadia, Badea Constantina, Besta Tomasz, Butera Fabrizio, Fantini-Hauwel Carole, Finchilescu Gillian, Gaertner Lowell, Gollwitzer Mario, Gomez Angel, Gonzalez Roberto, Jensen Dorthe Hoj, Karasawa Minoru, Kessler Thomas, Klein Olivier, Megevand Laura, Morton Thomas, Paladino Maria Paola, Polya Tibor, Renvik Tuuli Anna, Ruza Aleksejs, Shahrazad Wan, Shama Sushama, Smith Heather J., Teymoori Ali, van der Bles Anne Marthe

    Joural of Social and Political Psychology   Vol. 9 ( 1 ) page: 207 - 220   2021.2

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    Language:Japanese  

    DOI: 10.5964/jspp.6213

    Web of Science

  14. Measurement invariance of the moral vitalism scale across 28 cultural groups Invited Reviewed International coauthorship

    Rudnev, M., Vauclair, C.-M., Aminihajibashi, S., Becker, M., Bilewicz, M., Castellanos Guevara, J. L., Collier-Baker, E., Crespo, C., Eastwick, P., Fischer, R., Friese, M., Gomez, A., Guerra, V., Hanke, K., Hooper, N., Huang, L-l., Karasawa, M., Kuppens, P., Loughnan, S., Peker, M., Pelay, C., Pina, A., Sachkova, M., Saguy, T., Shi, J., Silfver-Kuhalampi, M., Sortheix, F., Swann, W., Tong, J. Y-y., Yeung, V. W-l., & Bastian, B.

    PLOS ONE   Vol. 15 ( 6 ) page: e0233989   2020.6

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    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233989

  15. Regaining in-group continuity in times of anxiety about the group's future: A study on the role of collective nostalgia across 27 countries Reviewed International coauthorship

    Smeeks, A., Jetten, J., Verkuyten, M., Wohl, M. J. A., Jasinskaya-Lahti, I., Ariyanto, A., Autin, F., Ayub, N., Badea, C., Besta, T., Butera, F., Costa-Lopes, R., Cui, L., Fantini, C., Finchilescu, G., Gaertner, L., Gollwitzer, M., Gómez, Á, González, R., Hong, Y-y., Jensen, D. H., Karasawa, M., Kessler, T., Klein, O., Lima, M., Renvik, T. A., Megevand, L., Morton, T., Paladino, P., Polya, T., Ruza, A., Shahrazad, W., Sharma, S., Teymoori, A., Torres, A. R., van der Bles, A. M.

    Social Psychology     2018.10

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000350

  16. Cultural values moderate the impact of relative deprivation Reviewed International coauthorship

    Smith, H. J. , Ryan, D. A., Jaurique, A., Pettigrew, T. F., Jetten, J., Ariyanto, A., Autin, F., Ayub, N., Badea, C., Besta, T., Butera, F., Costa-Lopes, R., Cui, L., Fantini, C., Finchilescu, G., Gaertner, L., Gollwitzer, M., Gómez, Á, González, R., Hong, Y-y., Jensen, D. H., Karasawa, M., Kessler, T., Klein, O., Lima, M., Renvik, T. A., Jasinskaja-Lahti, I., Megevand, L., Morton, T., Paladino, P., Polya, T., Ruza, A., Shahrazad, W., Sharma, S., Teymoori, A., Torres, A. R., van der Bles, A. M., & Wohl, M.

    Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology   Vol. 49 ( 8 ) page: 1183-1218   2018.9

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1177/0022022118784213

  17. Revisiting the measurement of anomie Reviewed International coauthorship

    Teymoori A, Jetten J, Bastian B, Ariyanto A, Autin F, Ayub N, et al.

    PLOS ONE   Vol. 11 ( 7 ) page: e0158370   2016.7

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    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158370

  18. Identification with a wrongful subgroup and the feeling of collective guilt Reviewed

    Goto, N., & Karasawa, M.

    Asian Journal of Social Psychology   Vol. 14 ( 4 ) page: 225-235   2011.12

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    Authorship:Last author   Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

  19. Stereotypes as shared beliefs: Effects of group identity on dyadic conversations Reviewed

    Karasawa, M., Asai, N., & Tanabe, Y.

    Group Processes and Intergroup Relations   Vol. 10 ( 4 ) page: 515-532   2007.9

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    Two experiments examined the influence of stereotypes on dyadic conversations. Undergraduate students listened to a recorded interview of a student who was described as either a member of their in-group or of an out-group. The interview contained stereotype-consistent (SC) and stereotype-inconsistent (SI) descriptions of each group. Participants' conversations about the stimulus person were content-analyzed. One most consistent result was that for the out-group target, participants made more SI than SC utterances and spent more time discussing SI information. The difference between SC and SI utterances disappeared (Study 2) or was reversed (Study 1) for the in-group target. These patterns were observed particularly when the stimulus information contained a balanced combination of SC and SI characteristics. Furthermore, the stereotypicality of the conversations was related not only to the participant's own judgments but also to the partner's judgments. The significance of studying stereotypes as collectively shared intergroup attitudes is discussed.

  20. Do verbs and adjectives play different roles in different cultures? A cross-linguistic analysis of person representation Reviewed International coauthorship

    Maass, A., Karasawa, M., Politi, F., & Suga, S.

    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology   Vol. 90 ( 5 ) page: 734-750   2006.6

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    Six studies are reported testing the hypothesis that Westerners (Italians) rely more on trait adjectives and East Asians (Japanese) more on behavior-descriptive verbs in person description and memory. The first two studies (N = 80 and N = 128) found that Italians used more adjectives and fewer verbs than Japanese to describe individuals and groups, both in general and when referring to a specific context. Studies 3 (N = 161) and 4 (N = 84) found a corresponding difference in memory distortions. Italians committed more memory errors indicative of inferences from behaviors to traits, whereas Japanese showed an opposite tendency (Study 3) or no difference (Study 4). A follow-up study (Study 5, N = 63) showed that communication norms such as politeness are an unlikely source of the above findings. Study 6 revealed that Italian and Japanese verbs and adjectives are functionally very similar, with adjectives providing more information about the actor, verbs about the situational context. Yet, compared to Italians, Japanese participants found adjectives less predictive of future behavior, but found it easier to image the concrete situation when judging adjectives. The studies are interpreted as providing evidence for systematic cross-cultural differences in the elaboration of social information.

  21. Homogeneity perception as a reaction to identity threat: Effects of status difference in a simulated society game. Reviewed

    Karasawa, M., Karasawa, K., & Hirose, Y.

    European Journal of Social Psychology   Vol. 34   page: 613-625   2004.9

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    The present study examined how members of low status groups would react to a threat to their social identity. Undergraduates participated in a “simulated society game," and were divided into four groups, each of which was assigned either a high or low status. During a series of game sessions with intergroup competition and cooperation, participants estimated the range of distributions among in-group and out-group members regarding various traits. The central tendency and variability derived from each estimate were analyzed. Members of the low status groups deprecated their in-group with respect to a status-defining trait, but showed in-group favoritism regarding alternative, status-irrelevant traits. Furthermore, the low status members judged their in-group as more homogeneous than the out-group regarding the alternative traits, particularly when they were compared to a high status group. The results were interpreted as an indication of a subtle form of maintaining positive in-group evaluations. Theoretical and methodological implications for the study of status effects are discussed.

  22. Patriotism, nationalism, and internationalism among Japanese citizens: An etic-emic approach Reviewed

    唐沢 穣

    Political Psychology   Vol. 23   page: 645-666   2002

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    日本人の国家態度について、大学生サンプル(n=586)および一般成人サンプル(n=385)を対象として調査を行った。アメリカでの先行研究において見出された、「愛国心」「ナショナリズム」「国際主義」の各因子を再現するとともに、これらを上回る説明率を見せた「国家遺産へのコミットメント」の因子を同定した。この因子は、政治的保守主義と関連している一方、国際主義はリベラル・イデオロギーやメディアへの接触、国際的事象に関する知識などと相関していることを見出した。日本人の国家態度について、エティック・エミック両面からの実証的知見を提供している。

  23. Do selfish behavior and altruistic behavior generalize?::An experimental investigation using the dictator game Reviewed

    Kaneuchi Sayo, Miura Asako, Karasawa Minoru

    The Japanese journal of psychology   Vol. 92 ( 1 ) page: 40 - 45   2021

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    Authorship:Last author   Language:Japanese   Publisher:The Japanese Psychological Association  

    <p>The present study compared two forms of reciprocity, namely, a selfish versus altruistic one. In two experiments, participants played two rounds of the dictator game. In the first round, they were all assigned the "recipient" role, and were either over- or under-benefited by the game partner in the "allocator" role. In the second round, the participants were instead assigned the allocator role, with the recipient being either the same partner from the first round or a new partner. The results consistently showed that those who had under-benefited in the first round in turn over-benefited in the second round, regardless of whether the partner remained the same or was replaced. In contrast, those who had over-benefited previously returned the favor, but this was the case only toward the same partner rather than the new one. Hence, selfish behavior was generalized to strangers, whereas a (an altruistic) favor was not generalized, being returned only to the original benefactor. Implications of the asymmetry in chain reactions, as well as methodological issues, are discussed.</p>

    DOI: 10.4992/jjpsy.92.20301

    Scopus

  24. Negative desires make failure to help more blameworthy: The role of wrongness and moral character evaluations Reviewed

    Hirozawa, P. Y., Karasawa, M.

    Journal of Human Environmental Studies   Vol. 18 ( 2 ) page: 119 - 126   2020.12

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  25. Effects of free will belief on moral and judicial judgment:Role of explicit motives toward retribution and incapacitation Reviewed

    Kasahara, I., Karasawa, K., & Karasawa, M.

    Journal of Human Environmental Studies   Vol. 17 ( 2 ) page: 147 - 152   2019.12

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  26. How can I become a member of my culture?: Shared representations of community-related moral violation in Japan and the U.S. Reviewed International coauthorship

    Matsuo, A., Brown, C. M., Norasakkunkit, V., & Karasawa, M.

        2019.8

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    Morality not only serves as the standard of right and wrong behavior, it also plays a central role in people's everyday social interactions. The current study examined how mental representations of morality violations are shared across Western and non-Western cultures, utilizing Shweder's three ethics of Autonomy, Community, and Divinity. First, Japanese and American undergraduates were instructed on the definitions of these three ethic domains and were asked to freely describe any situations they could think of concerning violations in each domain. A subset of these descriptions of violations that correctly matched Shweder's original definitions were then given to a separate sample of Japanese and American college students, who then categorized each situation into one of the three domains and rated its wrongness. The results showed that Autonomy-violating situations resulted in a greater number of “errors" (i.e., classified into an unintended domain) compared to the other ethical violations, regardless of the place of origin for both Japanese and American participants. In addition, both Japanese and American participants were generally more accurate when categorizing home-generated (vs. foreign-generated) situations, particularly when they involved the Community ethic. On average, participants gave more intense ratings of wrongness to situations generated by members of their same culture. The own-culture advantage was most consistent for the Community ethic. Violations of the Community ethic may have the most robust and shared within-group interpretation because this promotes an adaptive fit into one's own culture.

    DOI: 10.1007/s40167-019-00084-z

  27. 外集団成員との相互作用の予期が集合的罪悪感に与える影響 Reviewed

    柳学済・堀田美穂・唐沢穣

    実験社会心理学研究   Vol. 58 ( 1 ) page: 45-52   2018.8

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  28. ステレオタイプ情報はよりリツイートされるか?—ツイートの言語表現に注目した検討— Reviewed

    田中友理・宮本聡介・唐沢 穣

    人間環境学研究   Vol. 14 ( 2 ) page: 165-170   2016.12

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  29. 「正義」への心理学的アプローチの可能性 Invited

    唐沢 穣

    法社会学   Vol. 78   page: 175-185   2013.3

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    本稿では,法学の分野で議論されてきた「正義」の概念について,心理学的な実証研究によってアプローチすることの可能性を,近年の社会心理学分野における研究動向に言及しながら,そして4名の報告者による報告内容をもとに論考した.まず,分配的公正観と手続き的公正観との対比から生まれた社会心理学的研究の成果を概観し,さらに近年めざましい進展を見せる,応報的公正や修復的公正など種々の公正観研究の現状について論じた.次に,心理学全般に現在起こりつつある道徳性研究ブームの動向について概要を述べた.特に「道徳基盤理論」「直観判断者モデル」「関係モデル理論」の主要点を解説した.続いて,進化的観点からのアプローチの持つ貢献の可能性と問題点を指摘した.最後に,法学分野における規範論的観点と心理学等に見られる経験論的観点との対比をもとに,相互の協同関係の可能性を指摘した.両者を鳥瞰するメタ的な視点を獲得することによって両者の協同を促進することが可能であるとする筆者の主張を提示した.

  30. Psychological essentialism and nationalism as determinants of interethnic bias Reviewed International coauthorship

    Tsukamoto, S., Enright, J., & Karasawa, M.

    Journal of Social Psychology   Vol. 153   page: 515-519   2013

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  31. Effects of the ease in story construction on judicial decisions concerning a criminal case Reviewed

    Asai, N., & Karasawa, M.

    Japanese Journal of Social Psychology   Vol. 28 ( 3 ) page: 137-146   2013

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  32. Culture, ambiguity aversion and choice in probability judgments Reviewed International coauthorship

    Adachi, K., Yama, H., Van der Henst, J.-B., Mercier, H., Karasawa, M., & Kawasaki, Y.

    International Journal of Creativity & Problem Solving   Vol. 23 ( 2 ) page: 63-78   2013

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  33. Rationale of punishment in the citizen-judge system, Rationale of punishment in the citizen-judge system Reviewed

      Vol. 13   page: 35-45   2013

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  34. Current trends in social psychological research in morality judgments Invited Reviewed

    Karasawa, M.

    Society and Ethics   Vol. 28   page: 85-99   2013

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  35. Effects of the perception of a communicative context on the transmission of information Reviewed

    Suga, S., & Karasawa, M.

    Journal of Human Environmental Studies   Vol. 9 ( 1 ) page: 21-26   2011.6

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    DOI: 21-26

  36. Challenging Canadian multiculturalism: Lay perceptions of Canadian national identity. Reviewed International coauthorship

    Tshukamoto, S., Gonzalez, V., & Karasawa, M.

    Journal of Human Environmental Studies   Vol. 8 ( 1 ) page: 25-31   2010.6

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    The present study empirically examined what constitutes a core attribute of an individual to be recognized as a “Canadian" citizen. In an experimental study, we manipulated the ethnicity and the place of birth of an individual, and measured the perception regarding the “Canadianness" of the target person. Results showed that majority Canadians (i.e., Caucasians) pay a greater attention to birthplace whereas ethnic minority perceivers pay a greater attention to ethnicity.

  37. Effects of entitativity on the judgment of collective intentionality and responsibility Reviewed

    Hioki, K., & Karasawa, M.

    Japanese Journal of Psychology   Vol. 81 ( 1 ) page: 9-16   2010.4

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    Two experimental studies regarding corporate misconducts revealed that perceived "entitativity" of a group influences the perception of collective intentionality as well as collective responsibility.

  38. Disproportionate allocation of cognitive resource during thought suppression in depressed individuals Reviewed

    Hattori Y., & Karasawa, M.

    Japanese Journal of Personality   Vol. 17 ( 2 ) page: 220-223   2009.3

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    We compared high- vs. how-depression groups among college students with respect to their performance in a lexical decision task either under a though-suppression or a control condition. Results on the basis of a reaction-time measure showed that under the thought-suppression condition, the high-depression group responded more quickly than the low group, suggesting that the high level of depression may be associated with failure in appropriate allocation of cognitive resource.

  39. Effects of communciative goal on causal explanation of social events Reviewed

    Sayaka SUGA, Minoru KARASAWA, Yosuke HATTORI

    Japanese Journal of Social Psychology   Vol. 25 ( 1 ) page: 21-29   2009

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    The present study examined effects of communicative goal on causal explanation of criminal cases. Japanese college students were presented with a criminal case, along with an equal number of potential internal causes and external causes. The extremity of the crime (i.e., murder vs. robbery) was also manipulated. Participants were asked to explain what led the protagonist to the crime, either in order to help another participant make judgments about the criminal person (i.e., communicative goal condition) or to use the explanation as a basis for their own judgments (i.e., individual goal condition). Participants then responded to a free recall task. The results revealed that the communicative goal facilitated the use of both internal and external causal information in explanations. Path analyses indicated that causal explanation mediated the effect of communicative goal on the memory of stimulus information.

  40. Percetpion of intentionality in group actions: Content anaysis of behavior explanation Reviewed

    Teramae, S., & Karasawa, M.

    Journal of Human Environmental Studies   Vol. 6 ( 2 ) page: 35-41   2008.6

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  41. 人物の属性表現にみられる社会的ステレオタイプの影響 Reviewed

    菅さやか、唐沢 穣

    社会心理学研究   Vol. 22 ( 3 ) page: 180-188   2006.12

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    人物属性の言語的表象を実証的に研究するための指標として有用な「言語カテゴリー・モデル」を日本語において構築した本邦では初めての試みの内容を報告した。さらに、ここで構築された言語指標を用いて、ステレオタイプの維持と関連すると考えられる「言語期待バイアス」の現象が、外集団を対象とした場合に顕著に見られることを、実験的研究によって明らかにした。

  42. Group inclusiveness, group identification, and intergroup attributional bias Reviewed International coauthorship

    Ma, W-J., & Karasawa, M.

    Psychologia   Vol. 49 ( 4 ) page: 278-290   2006.12

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    Two studies examined the effects of group inclusiveness and the strength of group identification on intergroup attributional bias. Thirty-seven Hakka students (Study 1) and fifty-three Chaoshanese students (Study 2) in China read scenarios in which members of an excessively inclusive in-group, optimally inclusive in-group, or an out-group engaged in desirable or undesirable behaviors. They then made causal attributions for each behavior. Results consistently showed that intergroup attributional bias (a tendency attributing desirable behaviors of in-group members to internal causes and undesirable behaviors to external causes; for events associated with members of out-groups, opposite directions of attributions are observed) was especially visible when the in-group size was optimally inclusive. Moreover, in-group identification with optimally inclusive in-group was stronger than that with excessively inclusive in-group and the strength of group-identification was correlated with the magnitude of intergroup attributional bias at the individual level. The results were interpreted from the viewpoint of Self Categorization Theory.

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Books 16

  1. 偏見や差別はなぜ起こる?心理メカニズムの解明と現象の分析

    北村英哉・唐沢 穣(編著)( Role: Joint author)

    ちとせプレス  2018.7  ( ISBN:9784908736100

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    Total pages:290   Language:Japanese Book type:General book, introductory book for general audience

  2. 責任と法意識の人間科学

    唐沢穣, 松村良之, 奥田太郎,膳場百合子, 塚本早織, 後藤伸彦, 木下麻奈子, 藤本亮, 長谷川真里, 村上史朗, 今井猛嘉( Role: Joint author ,  編者、分担執筆)

    勁草書房  2018.1  ( ISBN:978-4-326-40349-3

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    Total pages:317   Language:Japanese Book type:Scholarly book

    一般人が法的な概念についてもっている「素朴法意識」「素朴方理解」が、専門家の思考とどのような点で共通し、また異なっているのかについて、責任判断および非難の過程に焦点を当てて議論した。社会心理学、法社会学、発達心理学、刑事法学、応用倫理学等の分野を横断する学際的論考。

  3. Culture and group processes

    Haslam, N., Holland, E., & Karasawa, M., (Eds. M. Yuki & M. B. Brewer)( Role: Contributor)

    Oxford University Press  2013 

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    Language:English

  4. Dynamics of individuals and groups

    Karasawa, M., & Muramoto, Y. (Eds.)( Role: Joint author)

    Seishin Publishing   2011.9  ( ISBN:978-4-41-30175-5

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    Language:Japanese

  5. Social cognition, social identity, and intergroup relations: A Festschrift in honor of Marilynn B.

    Karasawa, M. (Eds.: R. M. Kramer, G. J. Leonardelli, & R. W. Livingston)( Role: Contributor)

    Psychology Press  2011.6 

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    Language:English

    Chapter 2: Categorization-based versus person-based explanations of behaviors: Implications from the Dual-Process Model (pp. 9-26). This chapter reports empirical findings from the empirical research conducted by the author and the colleagues concerning judgments of causality and responsibility about individual and group actors.

  6. * Handbook of Motivation and Cognition across Cultures

    Sorrentino, R. and Yamaguchi, S. (Eds.)( Role: Contributor)

    Academic Press  2008.6 

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    Language:English

  7. Progress in Asian social psychology series (vol. 6): Casting the individual in societal and cultural contexts

    Liu, J. H., Ward, C., Bernardo, A.B. L., Karasawa, M., & Fischer, R.( Role: Joint editor)

    Seoul, Korea: Kyoyook-kwahak-sa  2007.7 

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    Language:English

  8. * Stereotype dynamics: Language-based approaches to stereotype formation, maintenance, and transformation

    Kashima, Y., Fiedler, K., & Frytag, P. (Editors.)( Role: Contributor)

    Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates  2007 

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    Language:English

  9. Venture into Cross-Cultural Psychology: Proceedings from the 23rd International Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology

    Karasawa, M., Yuki, M., Ishii, K., Uchida, Y., Sato, K., & Friedlmeier, W. (Eds.)( Role: Joint editor)

    ScholarWorks@GVSU  2018.7 

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    Total pages:260   Language:English

  10. 社会心理学(New Liberal Arts Selection)

    池田謙一・唐沢穣・工藤恵理子・村本由紀子( Role: Joint author)

    有斐閣  2010.9 

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    社会心理学の幅広い領域をカバーした総合的教科書。初学者、専門過程の学生はもちろん、他領域の研究者にも社会心理学の重要事項に関する理解の助けとなるよう配慮してある。

  11. 現代の認知心理学6 社会と感情

    日本認知心理学会(監修)・村田光二(編)森津太子、尾崎由佳、榊美知子、藤島喜、田中知恵、村田光二、工藤恵理子、北村英哉、唐沢かおり、遠藤由美、唐沢 穣、沼崎誠( Role: Joint author)

    北大路書房  2010.5 

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    『認知の社会的共有とコミュニケーション』の章を分担執筆し、言語とコミュニケ―ション、そしてその共有的基盤に関する社会心理学的研究について展望した。

  12. Psychological processes in interpersonal relations and verbal expressions

    Masuoka, T. (Ed.)( Role: Joint author)

    Typology of narrations  2008.6 

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    Language:Japanese

  13. Studies in Legal Dynamics: Horizontal social ordering (vol. 4), Dispute and dialogue

    Shiro KASHIMURA, Akira SAITO, & Kenji YAMAMOTO (Eds.)( Role: Sole author)

    2007.12 

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    Language:Japanese

  14. ことばのコミュニケーション

    岡本真一郎(編)( Role: Joint author)

    ナカニシヤ出版  2007.9 

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    第1章「対人関係と述語」(2~14頁)を分担執筆。社会的認知の中でも、人物の属性推論、原因帰属過程、偏見とステレオタイプなどに関する研究の成果をもとに、認知過程と言語的表象との関連について議論した。言語と社会的認知に関する現時点でのスタンダードなレビューを企図している。

  15. シリーズ言語対照2・言語に現れる『世間』と『世界』」

    中川正之、定延利之、菅さやか、金田純平、澤田浩子、湯浅章子、米田信子、アンドレイ・マルチェコフ( Role: Joint author)

    くろしお出版  2006.11 

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    第2章『人物の属性に関する「具体」と「抽象」―社会心理学的見地から―』を執筆。属性表現と認知表象との関連を検討した、実験社会心理学的研究を中心に、言語研究への社会心理学的アプローチの成果と問題点を議論した。

  16. 朝倉心理学講座7『社会心理学』

    唐沢かおり、宮本聡介、工藤恵理子、遠藤由美、竹村和久、浦光博、湯川進太郎、村田光二、唐沢穣、平石界( Role: Joint author)

    朝倉書店  2005.10 

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    第9章「集団過程」を執筆。小集団研究と認知的研究の二つの研究潮流を主軸に、代表的な集団研究の成果を概観した。前者については、集団の形成と発達、リーダーシップ、集団意思決定過程を中心に、後者については集団間関係、集団の認知的基礎などについて議論した。

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Presentations 44

  1. 陰謀論をめぐる受容と抵抗の心理過程 Invited

    唐沢 穣

    第6回 ザ・プロフェッショナル・レクチャー  2020.11.19  名古屋大学大学院情報学研究科・グローバルメディア研究センター

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    Event date: 2020.11

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Symposium, workshop panel (nominated)  

    Venue:オンライン開催  

  2. 心の壁と格差社会 Invited

    唐沢 穣

    日立財団・多文化共生社会の構築シンポジウム 2  2020.1.26  公益財団法人 日立財団

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    Event date: 2020.1

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Symposium, workshop panel (nominated)  

    Venue:日立シビックセンター   Country:Japan  

  3. 日本社会における多文化共生社会実現の壁―心のグローバル化(パネル・ディスカッション) Invited

    唐沢 穣

    日立財団・多文化共生社会の構築シンポジウム 1  2019.11.4  公益財団法人 日立財団

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    Event date: 2019.11

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Symposium, workshop panel (nominated)  

    Venue:アキバホール   Country:Japan  

  4. 社会の分断について考える Invited

    唐沢 穣

    公開シンポジウム「『誰一人取り残さない』社会の実現のために:心理学者が考える『持続可能な開発目標(SDGs)』」(第2回)  2022.3.27  日本心理学会

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    Event date: 2022.3

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Symposium, workshop panel (nominated)  

    Venue:オンライン開催   Country:Japan  

  5. 企業ブランディングとしてのSDGs関連活動が消費者の認知と行動に及ぼす影響 ー社会心理学的な実証研究に向けてー

    唐沢 穣・杉谷陽子

    日本教育社会学会第73回大会・課題研究Ⅲ「『持続可能性』の知識社会学と越境的思考」  2021.9.12  日本教育社会学会

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    Event date: 2021.9

    Venue:関西学院大学(オンライン)   Country:Japan  

  6. 「障害モデル」の役割と可能性(指定討論)

    唐沢 穣

    日本心理学会第85回大会・企画シンポジウム 『障害科学の展望:社会心理学的視座の有用性』  2021.9.1  日本心理学会

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    Event date: 2021.9

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Symposium, workshop panel (public)  

    Venue:明星大学(オンライン)   Country:Japan  

  7. 転換を迫られる「理解の枠組み」(指定討論) Invited

    唐沢 穣

    日本社会心理学会第62回大会企画シンポジウム 「社会『転換』心理学ー社会が変わる,社会を変える」  2021.8.26  日本社会心理学会

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    Event date: 2021.8

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Venue:帝京大学(オンライン)   Country:Japan  

  8. Moral motives among Japanese may guide their preferences for the strivers over the naturally talented. Invited International conference

    Kida, C., & Karasawa, M. (co-presenters)

    The 14th Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology  2021.7.31  Aian Association of Social Psychology

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    Event date: 2021.7

    Language:English   Presentation type:Symposium, workshop panel (nominated)  

    Venue:Seoul (virtual)   Country:Korea, Republic of  

  9. 新しいモラル・サイコロジーへ :進化、発達、社会の観点から(指定討論) Invited

    唐沢 穣

    ⽇本⼼理学会第84回⼤会 準備委員会企画シンポジウム  2020.9.9  東洋大学

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    Event date: 2020.9 - 2020.11

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Symposium, workshop panel (nominated)  

    Venue:オンライン開催   Country:Japan  

  10. 愛と正義と暴力と −過激主義の社会心理学− (指定討論) Invited

    唐沢 穣

    日本社会心理学会第60回大会・準備委員会企画シンポジウム (共催:品川区公開講座)  2019.11.9  立正大学

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    Event date: 2019.11

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Symposium, workshop panel (nominated)  

    Venue:立正大学   Country:Japan  

  11. 日本的イデオロギーと分断の可能性:調査データ 

    唐沢穣・浅井暢子

    日本心理学会第83回大会公募シンポジウム「『分断社会』の心理的起源:計算論的手法で読み解く政治的意見の形成・伝搬過程」  2019.9.12  立命館大学

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    Event date: 2019.9

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Venue:大阪府茨木市   Country:Japan  

  12. The use of transitive verbs elicits the perception of blame, power, and trait characteristics of the speaker Invited International conference

    Invited Colloquium  2019.3.26  D. P. S. S., University of Padova

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    Event date: 2019.3

    Language:English   Presentation type:Public lecture, seminar, tutorial, course, or other speech  

    Venue:University of Padova   Country:Italy  

  13. 集団の意図と責任 −実体の認知か擬制か−

    唐沢穣

    日本心理学会第82回大会公募シンポジウム「法学と社会心理学の出会い(3)素朴法意識の諸相」 

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    Event date: 2018.9

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Venue:仙台国際センター   Country:Japan  

  14. 日本人の国民・国家意識とそのイデオロギー性:愛国心、ナショナリズム、国際主義の現在 International conference

    唐沢穣、塚本早織、柳学済

    日本社会心理学会第59回大会 

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    Event date: 2018.8

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Venue:追手門学院大学   Country:Japan  

  15. ことばの綾と対人認知の機微−エージェンシー、責任、そして非難− Invited

    唐沢穣

    ヒューマンコミュニケーション基礎研究会 

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    Event date: 2018.8

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Venue:関西学院大学 大阪梅田キャンパス   Country:Japan  

  16. Accepting a request with implied rule violation: A Brazil-Japan comparison on underlying psychological processes International conference

    Hirozawa, P. Y., Karasawa, M.

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    Event date: 2018.7

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Venue:University of Guelph   Country:Canada  

  17. 集団の意図と責任―社会心理学的検証― 

    唐沢穣

    応用哲学会第10回年次研究会(ワークショップ「責任と法をめぐる『素朴理解』に関する実証研究とその哲学的含意」) 

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    Event date: 2018.4

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Venue:名古屋大学   Country:Japan  

  18. The ideological nature of Japanese nationalism and patriotism International conference

    Karasawa, M.

    The 40th annual scientific meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology 

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    Event date: 2017.6

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Country:United Kingdom  

  19. The moral meaning of diligence among Japanese people. Invited International conference

    Invited Colloquium  2017.3.21  D. P. S. S., University of Padova

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    Event date: 2017.3

    Language:English   Presentation type:Public lecture, seminar, tutorial, course, or other speech  

    Venue:Padova   Country:Italy  

  20. Making sense of people in cultural ways : The role of psychological essentialism. Invited International conference

    Karasawa, M.

    Invited Colloquium  2014.10.1  Institute of Personality and Social Research, University of California at Berkele

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    Event date: 2014.10

    Language:English   Presentation type:Public lecture, seminar, tutorial, course, or other speech  

    Venue:Berkeley, CA   Country:United States  

  21. Blameworthy character invites harsher punishment: A social psychological approach to punitive motives against individuals and groups International conference

    Karasawa, M.

    KEYNOTE ADDRESS at 4th Asian Conference of Psychology and the 4th Asian Conference on Ethics, Religion & Philosophy, 

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    Event date: 2014

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Country:Japan  

  22. Social psychological perspective on sentencing and criminal justice International conference

    Karasawa, M.

    Open Symposium "The citizen-judge system and inappropriate sentencing" at the 14th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Law and Psychology 

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    Event date: 2013

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Country:Japan  

  23. The cognition and evaluation of "corporates' responsibilities" Invited

    Invited address at the 108th Divisional Meeting (Organizational Behavior Division), Japanese Association of Industrial/Organizational Psychology 

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    Event date: 2013

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Country:Japan  

  24. Influence of social psychological factors on judgments by citizen-judges

    Karasawa, M.

    Open Symposia by the Japanese Psychological Association on "Psychological issues involving citizen-judge system" 

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    Event date: 2013

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Country:Japan  

  25. Psychological essentialism and ethnocentrism: A case of Japanese national attitudes International conference

    Karasawa, M., & Tsukamoto, S.

    10th Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology 

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    Event date: 2013

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Country:Japan  

  26. Social psychological studies of morality judgment

    Karasawa, M.

    Workshop presentation at the 13th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Law and Psychology 

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    Event date: 2012

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Country:Japan  

  27. Punishment of an immoral character as a just desert: A case of Japanese lay judgments International conference

    Karasawa, M.

    14th Biennial Conference of the International Society for Justice Research, 

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    Event date: 2012

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Country:Japan  

  28. Social groups as a basis for explanations: How ordinary perceivers make sense of other people's behavior International conference

    Karasawa, M.

    KEYNOTE ADDRESS at 9th Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology 

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    Event date: 2011

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Country:Japan  

  29. Responsibility for Unintended Acts and the Use of Language: PotentialCommonalities and Differences across Cultures International conference

    Invited Colloquium at Department of Psychology, East China Normal University 

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    Event date: 2010.12

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

  30. 応報的正義と道徳性の認知が刑事判断に与える影響

    唐沢穣・金田宗久

    日本社会心理学会第51回大会 

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    Event date: 2010.9

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Country:Japan  

  31. Perception of responsibility and the use of language: Implications from a Japan-France comparison. International conference

    Invited symposium presentation at the 1st International Conference on Indigenous and Cultural Psychology 

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    Event date: 2010.7

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    In this presentation I will propose that the study on the relationship between causal inference and the use of language may provide a useful framework for understanding indigenous as well as universal psychological principles. Research in causal attribution and blame has identified psychological processes that govern responsibility judgments across different cultural communities with a substantial level of universality. Specifically, the locus of causality and perceived controllability seem to b

  32. When social cognition becomes truly social: The role of communication in socially shared cognition International conference

    Invited colloquium at Department of Psychology, East China Normal University 

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    Event date: 2009.9

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

  33. Transmissino of stereotype-relevant information in communicative contexts

    32nd Annual Scientific Meeting of International Society of Political Psychology 

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    Event date: 2009.7

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Stereotypes are defined mental representations of group traits, and they are retained not only as a product of information processing by individual perceivers but also as a collectively shared tacit knowledge. To examine this shared nature of stereotypes, we conducted a series of experiments under communicative contexts. In studies using the “serial reproduction method," we demonstrated that stereotype-consistent information was described in more “abstract" terms, referring to traits and end

  34. A linguistic analysis of dispositional inferences and causal attributions. International conference

    14th International Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology 

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    Event date: 2008.7

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    The role of language as a cultural basis of social cognition was discussed. Specifically, Issues such as linguistic representation of stereotypic cognition, and the relationship between judgments of responsibility and language use were discussed, on the basis of empirical data from my own research programs.

  35. Research in psychology and law under the Japanese legal reformation International conference

    7th Biennial Conference of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues 

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    Event date: 2008.6

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    An invited presentation at a symposium organized under the title of “Social research around the world." I discussed the current situation in Japan under a major judicial reformation, and the possibility of social psychological approaches toward solving relevant social issues. Empirical data from my own research was reported and future directions were discussed.

  36. When group acts are perceived as intentional: Lay theory of mind involving group behavior International conference

    Invited colloquium at Laboratoire de psychologie sociale, Universit&eacute; de Paris X Nanterre, France 

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    Event date: 2008.3

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Social psychologists taking empirical perspectives have typically rejected the assumption of mind-like states in social groups. Assuming mental states in groups have been regarded as non-scientific. Our own research, however, has demonstrated that ordinary people easily presuppose that social groups and organizations can act mindfully, and thereby pursue responsibility for their acts and intentions.

  37. Behavioral traits and linguistic representations: Biased information processing about persons and social groups. International conference

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    Event date: 2007.11

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

  38. ステレオタイプの抑制と表出そしてその結果

    日本心理学会第71回大会ワークショップ「認知と感情における抑制と表出の問題点」 

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    Event date: 2007.9

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Country:Japan  

    ワークショップにおける話題提供者として、社会的ステレオタイプの自動的過程と統制的過程、それぞれの抑制過程とその効果、そしてコミュニケーションを介したステレオタイプの表出伝達の過程について、最近の研究動向を紹介した。さらに自身の研究データをもとに、抑制と表出のそれぞれに関する問題点と可能性を指摘した。

  39. Lay judgments of causality and culpability International conference

    The 7th Biennial Conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology 

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    Event date: 2007.7

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    The judgment of causality constitutes only a part of legal decisions concerning liability and culpability, and yet it no doubt plays a significant role in these decisions. Legal experts are trained to adopt logical criteria in causality judgment such as the “but for test." In ordinary language, however, concepts such as causality, fault, and responsibility are mutually intertwined and often used interchangeably. Psychological studies also show that cognitive biases and heuristics as well as af

  40. 人物の属性に関する自発的推論過程―社会的カテゴリーの役割

    唐沢穣、Chan, C. S.

    第5回日本認知心理学会大会 

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    Event date: 2007.5

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

    Country:Japan  

    他者の行動を観察すると、そこから性格などの特性が非意図的に推論される「自発的特性推論」の現象がよく知られている。本研究では、特性だけでなく所属集団などの社会的なカテゴリーや役割についても自発的推論が喚起されることを示した。手がかり再生を用いた記憶実験において、社会的カテゴリー名を手がかりとして呈示した条件では、刺激文中に含まれた語と強く連合した語を呈示する条件や手がかり語のない条件よりも再生成績が優れることを示した。

  41. Social inference and predicate properties of verbal representations. International conference

    Colloquium at Institut des Sciences Cognitives, Lyon, France 

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    Event date: 2007.3

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

  42. Social stereotypes and language use in the description of person dispositions. International conference

    Colloquium at Laboratoire Cognition, Langues, Langage, et Ergonomie, Universite de Toulouse II- le Mirail, France 

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    Event date: 2007.3

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (general)  

  43. 日本の社会心理学の国際化について

    唐沢 穣

    日本心理学会第70回大会シンポジウム「日本の心理学の国際化」 

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    Event date: 2006.11

    Language:Japanese   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    Country:Japan  

    日本の心理学、特に社会心理学における研究とその成果の公表を国際化するための方策について、具体的な例をあげながら問題的を行なった。

  44. The role of linguistic categories across cultures International conference

    The Kent Workshop on Linguistic Bias (University of Kent at Canterbury, UK) 

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    Event date: 2006.6

    Language:English   Presentation type:Oral presentation (invited, special)  

    The linguistic category model has been typically employed by research conducted in European
    languages. A great deal of difficulty accompanies the attempt to apply the model to other
    languages markedly different, such as Japanese. However, we will demonstrate that a functionally
    equivalent categorization scheme of linguistic abstractness can be constructed for Japanese by
    properly formulating indigenous predicates. The validity of this modified model will be illustrated by
    results from diffe

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Works 2

  1. 本当は間違っている心理学の話―50の俗説の正体を暴く』(スコット・O・リリエンフェルド/スティーヴン・ジェイ・リン/ジョン・ラッシオ/バリー・L・バイアースタイン著), 化学同人, 八田武志・戸田山和久・唐沢 穣(監訳

    2014

  2. 社会的認知研究:脳から文化まで(S. T. フィスク/S. E. テイラー著), 北大路書房, 宮本聡介・唐沢 穣・小林智博・原 奈津子(編訳

    2013

Research Project for Joint Research, Competitive Funding, etc. 3

  1. 消費者の価値観とアイデンティティーがもたらす影響 〜その心理的基礎過程とコミュニケーション機能の解明〜

    2015.4 - 2017.3

    国内共同研究 

    笹原和俊、日置孝一

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    種々の社会的カテゴリー・集団・組織への所属意識とアイデンティティーが消費者行動に与える影響について、社会心理学的な調査と実験、また計算社会科学の方法を用いたソーシャルメディア分析により実証的検証を行った

  2. モラルリスクに関する調査

    2013.9 - 2014.1

    受託研究 

    藤田政博

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    リスクの認知と保険制度の活用および悪用との関連について、シナリオ実験などを用いた実証的社会心理学の方法によって検証作業を行った。

  3. A psychological study on the dynamics of culture as a basis of prejudices

    2010.4 - 2012.3

    International Cooperative Research 

KAKENHI (Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research) 14

  1. An international collaboration project to reveal psychological mechanisms underlying the alienation of minority groups and to develop policies promoting multi-cultural tolerance

    Grant number:19KK0063  2019.10 - 2024.3

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 

    Minoru Karasawa

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

  2. Cognitive, motivational, and cultural bases of Japanese work ethic

    Grant number:19K21812  2019.4 - 2022.3

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 

    Minoru Karaswa

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    Authorship:Principal investigator  Grant type:Competitive

  3. The emergence, transmission, and sharing of prejudiced communication that aggravates social divides

    Grant number:18H01078  2018.4 - 2022.3

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(B)

    Minoru Karasawa

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    Authorship:Principal investigator  Grant type:Competitive

  4. ポストトゥルースの時代における新しい情報リテラシーの学際的探求

    Grant number:19H00518  2019.4 - 2023.3

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(A)

    久木田水生

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s)  Grant type:Competitive

  5. Literacy in a post-truth age

    Grant number:19H00518  2019.4 - 2023.3

    Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)

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    Authorship:Coinvestigator(s) 

  6. The ideological nature of Japanese national attitudes

    2016.4 - 2019.3

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for challenging Exploratory Research

    Minoru Karasawa

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

    This study attempts to reveal the structure an underlying psychological mechanism of Japanese national attitudes. Social-psychological experiments and opinion surveys as well as simulation studies based on computational modeling will be employed as the methodology.

  7. The process of generation, sharing, and emergence of moral judgments: An investigation of the dynamic relationship between individuals and culture

    2015.4 - 2019.3

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(B)

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

  8. Psychological bases of blame and judgment of responsibility among lay people: Empirical investigation and the development of methods for legal education.

    2011.4 - 2016.3

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

  9. 「人を罰する動機」の規定要因と影響に関する法心理学的研究

    2011.4 - 2014.3

    科学研究費補助金  挑戦的萌芽研究、課題番号:23653170

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

  10. 良好な対人関係を築くコミュニケーション方法の考案:言語心理学モデルの構築と応用

    2011.4 - 2014.3

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(B)

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

  11. 認知と言語コミュニケーションの相互関連性に関する社会心理学的研究

    2008.4 - 2012.3

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(B),課題番号:20330133

    唐沢 穣

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

  12. 法的プロセスに及ぼす認知的・動機的要因の影響―理論的・実証的研究

    2007.4 - 2010.3

    科学研究費補助金  萌芽研究,課題番号:19653061

    唐沢 穣

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

  13. A communication-based approach to the study of culturally shared social cognition

    2003.4 - 2008.3

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(B)

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    Authorship:Principal investigator 

  14. Linguistic analyses of social inference processes: A cross-national examination

    2003.4 - 2006.3

    Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 

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Teaching Experience (On-campus) 1

  1. Psychology I

    2011

 

Social Contribution 3

  1. 分け隔てする心の仕組みー社会心理学からのアプローチー

    Role(s):Lecturer

    日本交流分析協会中部支部  秋季会員研修会  2021.9

  2. 心理学から迫るステレオタイプ-無意識に目を向けて−

    Role(s):Lecturer

    名古屋緑生涯学習センター  市民公開講座  2020.11

  3. 「高校生防災セミナー」(主催:愛知県教育委員会・名古屋大学)

    2010.7

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    高大連携高校生防災教育推進事業として、セミナー講師を務めた。「「災害発生時における被災者集団の心理」と題して講演、実習を行った

Academic Activities 1

  1. President-Elect International contribution

    Role(s):Planning, management, etc.

    2021.7 - 2023

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    Type:Academic society, research group, etc.